Scientists from Yale University have discovered a novel way to combat viral contamination of bio-factories that produce a growing number of drugs, chemicals, and fuels.
The new method involves recoding organisms to stop horizontal transfer of genes — which viruses use to infect and hijack cellular machinery to reproduce. The study is published in the journal Cell Systems.
Viral contamination is a common problem for many drug and chemical companies and led to the 2009 shutdown of the Genzyme plant that produced orphan drugs for rare diseases. The Yale researchers Farren Isaacs and Natalie Ma recoded E. coli bacteria with an alternate genetic code that obstructs virus infections. The study shows that recoded cells conferred resistance to multiple viruses and can be broadly adopted in biotechnology applications for enhanced safety and stability of genetically modified organisms.
Reference: “Genomic Recoding Broadly Obstructs the Propagation of Horizontally Transferred Genetic Elements” Natalie Jing Ma and Farren J. Isaacs, 14 July 2016, Cell Systems.