October 13, 2016

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LRO Spacecraft Reveals Earth’s Moon Hit by Surprising Number of Meteoroids

Earths-Moon-Hit-by-Surprising-Number-of-Meteoroids

A newly published study reveals that a random bombardment by comets, asteroids and associated fragments are altering the lunar surface at a higher rate than previously thought. After simulating the distant view of a new impact, the camera zooms up to the surface to show actual before/after images of a new 12-meter crater taken by […]

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October 13, 2016

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Astronomers Reveal That Proxima Centauri Might Be More Sunlike Than Previously Thought

Proxima Centauri Might Be More Sunlike Than Previously Thought

New research from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics reveals that the nearby star Proxima Centauri shows signs of a 7-year activity cycle. In August astronomers announced that the nearby star Proxima Centauri hosts an Earth-sized planet (called Proxima b) in its habitable zone. At first glance, Proxima Centauri seems nothing like our Sun. It’s a […]

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October 12, 2016

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Ultraviolet Light from Stars Plays Key Role in Creating Building Blocks of Life

Ultraviolet Light from Stars Plays a Key Role in Creating Building Blocks of Life

New research shows that ultraviolet light from stars plays a key role in creating molecules that are necessary for building other chemicals essential for life. Life exists in a myriad of wondrous forms, but if you break any organism down to its most basic parts, it’s all the same stuff: carbon atoms connected to hydrogen, […]

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October 11, 2016

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MIT Physicists Simulate a Magnetar to Seek Dark Matter Particle

MIT Physicists Seek Dark Matter Particle

Physicists from MIT are proposing a new experiment to detect a dark matter particle called the axion. If successful, the effort could crack one of the most perplexing unsolved mysteries in particle physics, as well as finally yield a glimpse of dark matter. Axions are hypothetical elementary particles that are thought to be among the […]

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October 11, 2016

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Yale Researchers Reveal Genes Behind Aggressive Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

Researchers Find Genes Behind Aggressive Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

Researchers from Yale University have defined the genetic landscape of rare, highly aggressive tumors called carcinosarcomas, pointing the way to possible new treatments. The findings are published in the early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Endometrial and ovarian cancers are the most prevalent gynecologic tumors in women, with over 76,160 newly […]

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October 10, 2016

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New Research Shows Female Hippocampus Structure Changes in Sync with Hormones

Study Shows Female Brains Change in Sync with Hormones

New research from the Max Planck Institute shows that in women, in parallel to the rhythm of the level of estrogen across their menstrual cycle, the structures of the Hippocampus vary — a brain area that is crucial for memories, mood and emotions. Although it has already been known for some time that the brain […]

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October 10, 2016

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Astronomers Take First Step Toward Uncovering Nascent Galaxies in the Early Universe

Scientists Study the Epoch of Reionization

In preparation for looking for the first generation of galaxies, the facility has published the first catalog of extragalactic sources of contamination in one of the fields of view. The epoch when the very first stars appeared is a key period of cosmic history. These stars began the manufacture of the chemical elements (those heavier […]

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October 10, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – Spiral Galaxy NGC 278

New Image of Spiral Galaxy NGC 278

This newly released Hubble Space Telescope image shows spiral galaxy NGC 278. This cosmic beauty lies some 38 million light-years away in the northern constellation of Cassiopeia (The Seated Queen). While NGC 278 may look serene, it is anything but. The galaxy is currently undergoing an immense burst of star formation. This flurry of activity […]

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October 7, 2016

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Hubble Detects Plasma Ejections Shooting from V Hydrae

Hubble Detects Plasma Ejections Shooting from a Star

Hubble observations have revealed a string of super-hot blobs, each with a temperature of more than 17,000 degrees Fahrenheit, being ejected from a dying star. Great balls of fire! NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has detected superhot blobs of gas, each twice as massive as the planet Mars, being ejected near a dying star. The plasma […]

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October 6, 2016

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Astronomers Discover Density Waves in Protoplanetary Disk Surrounding Elias 2-27

Astronomers Discover Density Waves in a Protoplanetary Disk

Astronomers have discovered a striking spiral-arm structure in the disc of gas and dust around the young star Elias 2-27. The structure is made up of the matter near the midplane of the disc – the region in which new planets can be born. This means: the spirals are either a result of the presence […]

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October 6, 2016

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ESO VISTA Telescope Reveals Hidden Stars in Messier 78

VISTA Views Messier 78

ESO’s VISTA reveals stars that are just forming within the cosmic dust of Messier 78. In this new image of the nebula Messier 78, young stars cast a bluish pall over their surroundings, while red fledgling stars peer out from their cocoons of cosmic dust. To our eyes, most of these stars would be hidden […]

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October 6, 2016

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Scientists Predict the Next Global Dust Storm on Mars

New Study Predicts Next Global Dust Storm on Mars

Based on a historical pattern, scientists believe they can predict the occurrence of dust storms on Mars. Global dust storms on Mars could soon become more predictable — which would be a boon for future astronauts there — if the next one follows a pattern suggested by those in the past. A published prediction, based […]

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October 5, 2016

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New Beaver-Inspired Wetsuits May Help Keep Surfers Warm

Beaver-Inspired Wetsuits

Inspired by semiaquatic mammals such as beavers and sea otters, MIT engineers are fabricating fur-like rubbery hair-lined wetsuits that may help keep surfers warm. Beavers and sea otters lack the thick layer of blubber that insulates walruses and whales. And yet these small, semiaquatic mammals can keep warm and even dry while diving, by trapping […]

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October 5, 2016

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Yale Engineers Develop A New Chip That Could Advance Quantum Technology

New Chip Could Advance Quantum Technology

Yale engineers have developed a new device that converts visible light to infrared light suitable for fiber-optic transmission without destroying the light’s quantum state. The lab of Hong Tang, Llewellyn West Jones, Jr. Professor of Electrical Engineering & Physics, has developed a device that converts visible light to infrared light, a crucial step in building […]

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October 5, 2016

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Chandra Telescope Reveals Evidence for a “Wandering” Black Hole

Telescopes Reveal Evidence for Wandering Black Hole

Astronomers have discovered a “wandering” black hole in the outer regions of a galaxy about 4.5 billion light years from Earth. Evidence suggests this newly discovered black hole has about 100,000 times the Sun’s mass, and was originally located in a smaller galaxy that merged with a larger one. Astronomers have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray […]

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October 4, 2016

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Motion-Directed Microrobots Can Be Propelled Light

Motion-Directed Robots on a Micro Scale

Researchers reveal a surprisingly simple way to direct synthetic microswimmers towards light or darkness. Phototactic behavior directs some bacteria towards light and others into darkness: This enables them to utilize solar energy as efficiently as possible for their metabolism, or, otherwise, protects them from excessive light intensity. A team of researchers headed by Clemens Bechinger […]

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October 4, 2016

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Harvard Astronomers Study of Four Elusive Binary Systems

Astronomers Study of Four Elusive Binary Systems

Astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have measured the orbital parameters of four millisecond pulsars in the globular cluster 47 Tuc and modeled their possible formation and evolution paths. When a star with a mass of roughly ten solar masses finishes its life, it explodes as a supernova, leaving behind a neutron star as […]

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October 3, 2016

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ESO Image of the Week – Spirals with a Tale to Tell

ALMA Views a Protoplanetary Disc Surrounding the Young Star Elias 2-27

This newly released image shows a protoplanetary disc surrounding the young star Elias 2-27. This beautiful image, captured with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) features a protoplanetary disc surrounding the young star Elias 2-27, some 450 light years away. ALMA has discovered and observed plenty of protoplanetary discs, but this disc is special as […]

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