July 20, 2016

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Engineers Reveal a ‘New Universe’ of Organic Molecules That Can Store Energy in Flow Batteries

A New Battery Inspired by Vitamins

Engineers from Harvard University have identified a whole new class of high-performing organic molecules, inspired by vitamin B2, that can safely store electricity from intermittent energy sources such as solar and wind power in large batteries. The development builds on previous work in which the team developed a high-capacity flow battery that stored energy in […]

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July 19, 2016

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Scientists Show How Synapses Are Arranged with Respect to Each Other

How Synapses Are Arranged with Respect to Each Other

For the first time, neurobiologists show that contact points between specific neuron types are clustered in groups on the target neuron. The cerebral cortex resembles a vast switchboard. Countless lines carrying information about the environment, for example from the sensory organs, converge in the cerebral cortex. In order to direct the flow of data into […]

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July 19, 2016

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WISE Reveals the X-Shaped Bulge of the Milky Way

X Shape Marks Milky Way’s Central Bulge of Stars

Using data from NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission, astronomers reveal that the Milky Way’s central bulge of stars forms an “X” shape. The unconventional collaboration started in May 2015 when Dustin Lang, an astronomer at the Dunlap Institute of the University of Toronto, posted galaxy maps to Twitter, using data from WISE’s two […]

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July 18, 2016

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Cassini Image Shows Saturn’s Rings with Dione and Epimetheus

New Cassini Image Shows Dione and Epimetheus

This newly released Cassini image shows Saturn’s rings with Dione and Epimetheus off in the distance. Saturn’s main rings, along with its and moons, are much brighter than most stars. As a result, much shorter exposure times (10 milliseconds, in this case) are required to produce an image and not saturate the detectors of the […]

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July 18, 2016

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Yale Scientists Recode Organisms to Resist Viral Contamination

Scientists Recode Organisms to Resist Viral Contamination

Scientists from Yale University have discovered a novel way to combat viral contamination of bio-factories that produce a growing number of drugs, chemicals, and fuels. The new method involves recoding organisms to stop horizontal transfer of genes — which viruses use to infect and hijack cellular machinery to reproduce. The study is published in the […]

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July 18, 2016

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ALMA Detects Water Snowline Around Young Star V883 Orionis

Water Snowline Around Young Star V883 Orionis

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), a team of astronomers has made the first ever resolved observation of a water snow line within a protoplanetary disc. This line marks where the temperature in the disc surrounding a young star drops sufficiently low for snow to form. A dramatic increase in the brightness of the […]

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July 18, 2016

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Hubble Reveals the Vibrant Core of Galaxy NGC 3125

Hubble Views Galaxy NGC 3125

This newly released Hubble image reveals the vibrant core of the galaxy NGC 3125, which is located 50 million light-years away. Discovered by John Herschel in 1835, NGC 3125 is a great example of a starburst galaxy — a galaxy in which unusually high numbers of new stars are forming, springing to life within intensely […]

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July 15, 2016

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NASA’s Top 10 Pluto Pics from the New Horizons Spacecraft

Global Mosaic of Pluto in True Color

One year ago, NASA’s New Horizons mission made history by exploring Pluto and its moons – giving humankind our first real look at this fascinating world on the frontier of our solar system. Since those amazing days in July 2015 the New Horizons spacecraft has transmitted numerous images and many other kinds of data home […]

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July 15, 2016

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Chandra Reveals Evidence for Violent Stellar Merger

Astronomers Find Evidence for Violent Stellar Merger

Using data from Chandra, astronomers have the strongest evidence to date that violent stellar mergers produce pencil-thin jets. This result has implications for estimating the number of such mergers that may detected with gravitational wave observatories. Gamma-ray bursts, or GRBs, are some of the most violent and energetic events in the Universe. Although these events […]

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July 15, 2016

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A Quiet Space in the Core of the Perseus Cluster

Astronomers Study the Quiet Intracluster Medium in the Core of the Perseus Cluster

Using the Hitomi satellite astronomers find that turbulence in the central region of the Perseus cluster is low, implying that errors in previous measurements of the masses of galaxy clusters using X-ray observations are small. Most galaxies lie in clusters, groupings of a few to many thousands of galaxies. Our Milky Way galaxy itself is […]

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July 14, 2016

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New Research Opens New Realms of Light-Matter Interaction

MIT Study Opens New Realms of Light-Matter Interaction

A new study from MIT shows that some “forbidden” light emissions are in fact possible, and could enable new sensors and light-emitting devices. A new MIT study could open up new areas of technology based on types of light emission that had been thought to be “forbidden,” or at least so unlikely as to be […]

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July 14, 2016

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New Map Measures the Effects of Dark Energy in the Expansion of the Universe

Astronomers Measure Dark Energy

A new study details the results from the largest-ever, three-dimensional map of distant galaxies. The map is one of the most precise measurements yet of the dark energy currently driving the accelerated expansion of the Universe. “We have spent five years collecting measurements of 1.2 million galaxies over one quarter of the sky to map […]

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July 14, 2016

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Kepler Shows Warm Jupiters Not As Lonely As Expected

Warm Jupiters Not As Lonely As Expected

Astronomers have used data from the Kepler Space Telescope to give the clearest understanding yet of a class of exoplanets called Warm Jupiters, revealing that many have unexpected planetary companions. The team’s analysis, published July 10th in the Astrophysical Journal, provides strong evidence of the existence of two distinct types of Warm Jupiters, each with […]

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July 13, 2016

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Researchers Develop A Universal Quantum Gate

Quantum Gate Allows Light Particles to Interact with Each Other

Scientists have now developed a universal quantum gate, which could become the key component in a quantum computer. Light particles completely ignore each other. In order that these particles can nevertheless switch each other when processing quantum information, researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have now developed a universal quantum […]

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July 13, 2016

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Astronomers Prove the Existence of a “Gravitational Vortex” Around a Black Hole

XMM-Newton Proves the Existence of a "Gravitational Vortex" Around a Black Hole

Using data from XMM-Newton and NuSTAR, astronomers have proved the existence of a “gravitational vortex” around a black hole. This new discovery, aided by NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, solves a mystery that has eluded astronomers for more than 30 years, and will allow them to map the behavior of matter very close […]

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July 13, 2016

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First In-orbit View from NASA’s Juno Spacecraft

Juno Spacecraft Sends First In-orbit Image

The first high-resolution images of Jupiter are still several weeks away, but NASA’s Juno Spacecraft did capture this new image as it entered orbit around the planet. The JunoCam camera aboard NASA’s Juno mission is operational and sending down data after the spacecraft’s July 4 arrival at Jupiter. Juno’s visible-light camera was turned on six […]

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July 12, 2016

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A New Design Strategy for Better Lithium Oxygen Batteries

Yale Engineers Charging Toward Better Lithium Oxygen Batteries

Yale researchers have devised a method that brings marketable Li-O2 batteries closer to reality, improving both the batteries’ performance and the ability to study them. In recent years, lithium-oxygen batteries have intrigued researchers with their potential. They can store at least two to three times the energy as lithium-ion batteries can, which are the current standard […]

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July 11, 2016

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A Peek Inside the Fuel Tank For World’s Largest Rocket

A Peek Inside the Fuel Tank For World’s Largest Rocket

This image gives us a look up inside a nearly complete fuel tank for NASA’s powerful, new rocket—the Space Launch System – that will take humans to destinations never explored by people before. At over 300-feet tall and 5.75 million pounds at liftoff, SLS needs plenty of fuel to leave Earth. Once a final dome […]

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