June 30, 2014

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New Buckyball Research Will Aid Biological Studies

Using SLAC’s Linac Coherent Light Source X-ray laser, researchers take a closer look at soccer-ball-shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs. Scientists at SLAC have been blowing up “buckyballs” – soccer-ball-shaped carbon molecules – with an X-ray laser to understand how they fly apart. The results, they say, will aid biological studies by improving the analysis of […]

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June 30, 2014

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Precise Measurement of a Neutron Star Moves Astronomers Closer to Proving Gravitational Waves

New research from University of Warwick and Monash University reveals precise measurements of a rapidly rotating neutron star and moves astronomers a step closer to proving the existence of gravitational waves. When Albert Einstein proposed the existence of gravitational waves as part of his theory of relativity, he set in train a pursuit for knowledge […]

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June 30, 2014

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NASA Spacecraft Spots an Unusual Series of Eruptions from the Sun

New research presented at the 2014 Royal Astronomical Society’s National Astronomy Meeting reveals an unusual series of puffs emanating from the base of the sun’s atmosphere, exploding outward into interplanetary space. A suite of NASA’s sun-gazing spacecraft have spotted an unusual series of eruptions in which a series of fast puffs forced the slow ejection […]

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June 30, 2014

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Newly Released Hubble Image of Spiral Galaxy NGC 201

This newly released Hubble image shows spiral galaxy NGC 201, which is located 200 million light-years from Earth. Discovered by astronomer William Herschel in the late 1700s, NGC 201 is a barred spiral galaxy similar to our own galaxy, the Milky Way. It lies 200 million light-years from Earth in the constellation of Cetus (The […]

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June 27, 2014

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Neuroscientists Inhibit Muscle Contractions by Shining Light on Spinal Cord Neurons

In a newly published study, MIT neuroscientists show that they can control muscle movement by shining light on spinal cord neurons in mice. For the first time, MIT neuroscientists have shown they can control muscle movement by applying optogenetics — a technique that allows scientists to control neurons’ electrical impulses with light — to the […]

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June 27, 2014

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Scientists Develop New Method for Producing Self-Organized Nanomaterials

An international team of scientists have developed a new synthesis method that enables the production of wafer-thin carbon layers for a wide range of applications. Scientists have developed a promising nanomaterial that may be adaptable for use in a wide range of applications. An international team headed by scientists from the Swiss Federal Institute of […]

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June 27, 2014

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No Significant Evidence That Distant ULIRGs Are Less Involved in Mergers

Using the Hubble Space Telescope and quantitative measures of galaxy distortion, CfA astronomers reveal that there is only a slight 20% decrease in the collision rate of distant ultra-luminous infrared galaxies from that of local galaxies. Ultra-luminous infrared galaxies ((ULIRGs) are galaxies whose luminosity exceeds that of a trillion suns, By way of comparison, our […]

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June 27, 2014

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Astronomers Measure Black Hole Spin in the Nucleus of the Galaxy NGC 1365

Using observations from NuSTAR and XMM-NEWTON, a team of astronomers examined the time-varying spectral shape of highly excited iron atoms in the nucleus of the galaxy NGC 1365. The nuclei of most galaxies contain a massive black hole. In our Milky Way, for example, the nuclear black hole contains about four million solar masses of […]

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June 26, 2014

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New Supercomputer Simulations Could Improve Our Understanding of Dark Matter

New supercomputer simulations showing the evolution of our “local Universe” from the Big Bang to the present day could improve understanding of dark matter. The hunt for dark matter has taken another step forward thanks to new supercomputer simulations showing the evolution of our “local Universe” from the Big Bang to the present day. Physicists […]

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June 26, 2014

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Three Closely Orbiting Supermassive Black Holes Could Help in the Search for Gravitational Waves

An international team of astronomers discovered three closely orbiting supermassive black holes that could help in the search for gravitational waves. An international team, including Oxford University scientists, led by Dr Roger Deane from the University of Cape Town, examined six systems thought to contain two supermassive black holes. The team found that one of […]

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June 26, 2014

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Astronomers Discover a Potentially Habitable Nearby Super-Earth, Gliese 832 c

Using data from HARPS-TERRA, the Planet Finder Spectrograph and the UCLES echelle spectrograph, astronomers have discovered a new potentially habitable Super-Earth around the nearby red-dwarf star Gliese 832. An international team of astronomers, led by Robert A. Wittenmyer from UNSW Australia, report the discovery of a new potentially habitable Super-Earth around the nearby red-dwarf star […]

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June 26, 2014

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NASA to Launch Spacecraft to Keep Track of Global Carbon Dioxide

NASA is about to launch the Orbiting Carbon Observatory – a satellite dedicated to the study of global carbon dioxide sources that will help researchers predict the future of climate change. In the lexicon of climate change, one word appears more often than any other: “carbon.” Carbon credits, carbon emissions, carbon sequestration…. These terms are […]

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