March 28, 2014

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Distant Galaxy Seen As It Was 800 Million Years After The Big Bang

Using gravitational lensing, astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics measured the spectra of carbon, nitrogen, carbon monoxide, and water in a galaxy seen a mere 800 million years after the big bang. About fifteen years ago astronomers, using improved submillimeter wavelength telescopes, discovered a new class of very distant galaxies: submillimeter galaxies (SMGs). These […]

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March 28, 2014

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How Genetic Research Can Help People Colonize Other Planets

A recently held symposium by the HMS Department of Genetics asked experts to consider how genetic research can help people colonize other planets. If you haven’t thought about reworking the human genome so people can colonize other planets, don’t worry. Plenty of people are on it. Scientists of many stripes have been figuring out what […]

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March 28, 2014

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New System Filters Light Waves Based on Direction

Researchers from MIT have produced a system that allows light of any color to pass through only if it is coming from one specific angle. Light waves can be defined by three fundamental characteristics: their color (or wavelength), polarization, and direction. While it has long been possible to selectively filter light according to its color […]

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March 28, 2014

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Hubble Reveals Multiple Jets Sprouting from Comet C/2013 A1

This newly released Hubble image of comet C/2013 A1 reveals what appear to be two jets of dust coming off the location of the nucleus in opposite directions. NASA released Thursday an image of a comet that, on October 19, will pass within 84,000 miles of Mars — less than half the distance between Earth […]

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March 27, 2014

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Surprise Discovery Reveals Asteroid Chariklo Surrounded by Two Thin Rings

A surprise discovery shows that the remote asteroid Chariklo is surrounded by two dense and narrow rings, making it the smallest object discovered to have rings and only the fifth body in our solar system. The asteroid Chariklo, which circles the Sun between the orbits of Saturn and Uranus, is surrounded by two thin rings […]

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March 27, 2014

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New Research Suggests Dark Energy Hides Behind Phantom Fields

New theoretical research suggests that quintessence and phantom fields, two of the many theories that try to explain the nature of dark energy, are only a mirage in the observations and it is the quantum vacuum which could be behind the energy that moves our universe. Cosmologists believe that some three quarters of the universe […]

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March 27, 2014

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New Data Helps Astronomers Piece Together the Evolution of Supermassive Black Holes

Using data from NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, astronomers are piecing together the evolution of supermassive black holes. How do you grow a supermassive black hole that is a million to a billion times the mass of our sun? Astronomers do not know the answer, but a new study using data from NASA’s Wide-field Infrared […]

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March 27, 2014

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Distant Dwarf Planet Discovered Beyond the Known Edge of Our Solar System

Using ground based observatories, scientists discovered a distant dwarf planet, dubbed 2012 VP113, located beyond the known edge of our solar system. Washington, D.C.—The Solar System has a new most-distant member, bringing its outer frontier into focus. New work from Carnegie’s Scott Sheppard and Chadwick Trujillo of the Gemini Observatory reports the discovery of a […]

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March 26, 2014

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Researchers Observe SN 2014J in the Nearby Galaxy M82

A newly published study details the discovery of the closest type Ia supernova discovered in a generation, the discovery of SN 2014J in the nearby galaxy M82. Researchers including a Texas Tech University physicist have intently studied the closest type Ia supernova discovered in a generation. The proximity to Earth could yield better understanding of […]

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March 26, 2014

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Hubble Celebrates its 24th Year in Orbit with a New Image of the Monkey Head Nebula

Hubble has released a new image of the Monkey Head Nebula to celebrate its 24th year in orbit. To celebrate its 24th year in orbit, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has released a beautiful new image of part of NGC 2174, also known as the Monkey Head Nebula. This colorful region is filled with young […]

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March 26, 2014

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Deleting a Single Gene Reduces Fat Mass and Extends Lifespan of Mice by 20%

Researchers discover that mice without the FAT10 gene have an elevated metabolic rate, burn fat as fuel, exhibit reduced glucose and insulin levels, and age more slowly than normal mice. By deleting a single gene, researchers at Yale University were able to dramatically reduce fat mass in mice while expanding their lifespan by 20%. The […]

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March 26, 2014

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Astronomers Solve Decades Old Space Mystery

An international team of astronomers has solved a decades old space mystery, revealing a new theory for how collapsed stars become polluted. Scientists from the University of Leicester and University of Arizona investigated hot, young, white dwarfs — the super-dense remains of Sun-like stars that ran out of fuel and collapsed to about the size […]

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