November 6, 2014

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Plasma Wakefield Acceleration Milestone

Milestone Reached in Accelerating Particles with Plasma

Researchers hit a milestone in demonstrating the practicality of plasma wakefield acceleration, boosting bunches of electrons to energies 400 to 500 times higher than they could reach traveling the same distance in a conventional accelerator. Menlo Park, California — Scientists from the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of California, Los […]

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November 6, 2014

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ALMA Reveals Birth of Planets in Astonishing Detail

ALMA Views Planet Formation Around an Infant Star

While testing the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array’s new high-resolution capabilities, astronomers captured the best image ever of planet formation around an infant star. This revolutionary new image reveals in astonishing detail the planet-forming disk surrounding HL Tau, a Sun-like star located approximately 450 light-years from Earth in the constellation Taurus. ALMA uncovered never-before-seen features in […]

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November 6, 2014

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New Algorithm Analyzes Carbon Dioxide to Help Determine How to Treat Patients

New Algorithm Can Help Determine How to Treat Patients

Researchers from MIT, Harvard Medical School and the Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia have developed a new algorithm that can, with high accuracy, determine whether a patient is suffering from emphysema or heart failure based on the concentration of carbon dioxide in a patient’s exhalations. Paramedics respond to a 911 call to find an elderly […]

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November 6, 2014

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SDO Detects Third Mid-Level Flare from New Sunspot

NASA Detects Third Mid-Level Flare from New Sunspot

NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory observed a third mid-level flare from the Sun. The flare was classified as an M5.4-class flare. On November 5, 2014, the sun emitted a third mid-level flare from a region that rotated over the left limb of the sun on November 3. The flare peaked at 10:46 p.m. EST. Solar flares […]

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November 5, 2014

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Engineered Liposomes: A Possible Alternative to Antibiotics

Scientists Develop a Possible Alternative to Antibiotics

By engineering artificial nanoparticles made of lipids, scientists have developed a treatment for bacterial infections without using antibiotics. Scientists from the University of Bern have developed a novel substance for the treatment of severe bacterial infections without antibiotics, which would prevent the development of antibiotic resistance. Ever since the development of penicillin almost 90 years […]

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November 5, 2014

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New Sodium-Conducting Material Significantly Outperforms All Others in Its Class

New Sodium-Conducting Material Could Improve Rechargeable Batteries

Scientists have discovered a sodium-based complex metal hydride material that has the potential to be a much cheaper alternative to the lithium-based conductors used in many rechargeable batteries today. Rechargeable battery manufacturers may get a jolt from research performed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and several other institutions, where a team […]

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November 5, 2014

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A Direct Link between Climate Change and the Emergence of Infectious Diseases

Researchers Discover Connection between Climate and Emerging Diseases

A team of researchers has established a direct link between climate change and the emergence of infectious diseases, showing a correlation between epidemic peaks and rainy periods for Buruli ulcer observed over a 40-year period in French Guyana. New diseases Climate change may affect human health directly or indirectly. In addition to increased threats of […]

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November 5, 2014

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Scientists Use String Field Theory to Validate Quantum Mechanics

String Field Theory Linked to Quantum Mechanics

A new study uses string field theory to try to validate quantum mechanics, proposing a link that could open the door to using string field theory — or a broader version of it, called M-theory — as the basis of all physics. “This could solve the mystery of where quantum mechanics comes from,” said Itzhak […]

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November 5, 2014

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How Asteroid Vesta May Have Gotten Its Deep Grooves

New Research Shows How Vesta May Have Gotten Its Deep Grooves

Using NASA’s ultra-high-speed cannon and computer models to simulate asteroid collisions, researchers from Brown University show how Vesta may have gotten the deep grooves that encircle its midsection. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — When NASA’s Dawn spacecraft visited the asteroid Vesta in 2011, it showed that deep grooves that circle the asteroid’s equator like […]

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November 5, 2014

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Scientists Come Together to Reveal Cancer’s Strategies

Scientists Come Together to Reveal Cancer’s Strategies

In a new study, a group of scientists detail how they fused the power of statistical physics and artificial intelligence into a mathematical toolkit that can turn cancer-mutation data into multidimensional models that show how specific mutations alter the social networks of proteins in cells. While this may sound like the setup to some late-night […]

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November 5, 2014

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Curiosity Rover Provides First Confirmation of a Mineral Mapped from Orbit

Curiosity Provides First Confirmation of a Mineral Mapped from Orbit

A sample of powdered rock extracted by the Curiosity rover’s drill from the “Confidence Hills” target has provided NASA scientists with the first confirmation of a mineral mapped from orbit. “This connects us with the mineral identifications from orbit, which can now help guide our investigations as we climb the slope and test hypotheses derived […]

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November 4, 2014

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Astronomers Identify Bizarre Object at the Center of the Milky Way

UCLA Astronomers Solve Puzzle about Galactic Center Source G2

In a new study, astronomers reveal that the bizarre object known as G2 is most likely a pair of binary stars that had been orbiting the black hole in tandem and merged together into an extremely large star, cloaked in gas and dust. For years, astronomers have been puzzled by a bizarre object in the […]

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November 4, 2014

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CWRU Theoretical Physicists Suggest Dark Matter May Be Massive

Theoretical Physicists Suggest Dark Matter May Be Massive

In a new study, theoretical physicists from Case Western Reserve University suggest that dark matter may be massive and that the Standard Model may account for it. The physics community has spent three decades searching for and finding no evidence that dark matter is made of tiny exotic particles. Case Western Reserve University theoretical physicists […]

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