October 13, 2014

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Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Finds Evidence of “Recent” Lunar Volcanism

NASA Finds Evidence of Young Volcanism on the Moon

New data from NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter reveals evidence of basaltic volcanism on the Moon occurring within the past 100 million years. NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) has provided researchers strong evidence the moon’s volcanic activity slowed gradually instead of stopping abruptly a billion years ago. Scores of distinctive rock deposits observed by LRO are […]

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October 13, 2014

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New Hubble Image: Turquoise-Tinted Plumes in the LMC

Hubble Views Turquoise Tinted Plumes in the Large Magellanic Cloud

This newly released Hubble image shows part of the Tarantula Nebula, which is located in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The brightly glowing plumes seen in this image are reminiscent of an underwater scene, with turquoise-tinted currents and nebulous strands reaching out into the surroundings. However, this is no ocean. This image actually shows part of […]

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October 10, 2014

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Neutron Scattering Experiments Reveal New Quantum Properties of H2O and H2

Physicists Reveal New Quantum Properties of H2O and H2

New neutron scattering experiments reveal the existence of quantum selection rules in molecules and could open the door to new insights about the quantum properties of molecules by providing a unique testing ground for quantum theory. Neutron scattering experiments at the Institute Laue-Langevin (ILL) have uncovered the first known quantum selection rule in molecules, a […]

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October 10, 2014

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Previously Unknown Mechanism Repairs Brain after Stroke

Researchers Discover Mechanism that Repairs Brain after Stroke

Working with mice, researchers from Lund University and the Karolinska Institute have discovered a previously unknown mechanism through which the brain produces new nerve cells after a stroke. The findings have been published in the journal Science. A stroke is caused by a blood clot blocking a blood vessel in the brain, which leads to […]

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October 10, 2014

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New Method to Control Nanoparticles with Light and Magnets

Researchers Control Nanoparticles with Light and Magnets

A team of researchers has developed particles that can glow with color-coded light and be manipulated with magnets, improving the likelihood of tracking the position of the nanoparticles as they move within the body or inside a cell. A long-sought goal of creating particles that can emit a colorful fluorescent glow in a biological environment, […]

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October 10, 2014

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Researchers Uncover Molecular Process in the Brain that Transforms White Fat into Brown Fat

Researchers Uncover Molecular Process that Transforms White Fat into Brown Fat

Yale scientists uncover how a molecular process in the brain that known to control eating transforms white fat into brown fat, impacting how much energy we burn and how much weight we can lose. The results are published in the October 9 issue of the journal Cell. Obesity is a rising global epidemic. Excess fatty […]

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October 10, 2014

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NASA Prepares For Comet’s Close Encounter with Mars

NASA Prepares for Comet Siding Spring to Pass Mars

NASA is preparing its science fleet for comet Sliding Spring’s close encounter with Mars, which will occur on October 19 when Sliding Spring passes within about 87,000 miles of the Red Planet. NASA’s extensive fleet of science assets, particularly those orbiting and roving Mars, have front row seats to image and study a once-in-a-lifetime comet […]

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October 10, 2014

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Hubble Measures Temperature and Water Vapor on Exoplanet WASP-43b

Hubble Maps Temperature and Water Vapor on WASP-43b

A team of astronomers used NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope to make the most detailed global map yet of the glow from a turbulent planet outside our solar system, measuring the temperature and tracing the amount and distribution of water vapor on exoplanet WASP-43b. Hubble observations show the exoplanet, called WASP-43b, is no place to call […]

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October 9, 2014

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Astrophysicists Reveal Amount of Dark Matter is Less Than Previously Thought

Dark Matter Distribution Around the Milky Way Less Than Thought

New research from the University of Western Australia reveals that the amount of dark matter in the Milky Way is half as much as previously thought. Australian astronomers used a method developed almost 100 years ago to discover that the weight of dark matter in our own galaxy is 800,000,000,000 (or 8 x 1011) times […]

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October 9, 2014

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Black Hole Consumes Gas 10 Times Faster Than Previously Thought Possible

Black Hole Consumes Gas Faster Than Thought Possible

In a new study, a team of astronomers reveals that the black hole known as P13 is consuming gas from a nearby star 10 times faster than previously thought possible. Astronomers have discovered a black hole that is consuming gas from a nearby star 10 times faster than previously thought possible. The black hole—known as […]

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October 9, 2014

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Researchers Detail the Structure and Dynamics of the HIV Spike Protein

Scientists Capture Images of the Protein HIV Uses to Infect Cells

In two newly published studies, researchers detail the structure and dynamics of the HIV spike protein, which is used by the virus uses to fuse with and enter cells. HIV is adept at eluding immune system responses because the protein it uses to infect cells is constantly changing. Now a team of researchers including scientists […]

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October 9, 2014

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Yale Engineers Develop Hybrid System for Quantum Communication

Yale Engineers Develop System for Quantum Communication

Using microwaves and magnets, researchers at the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science developed a hybrid system for quantum communication. Yale engineers have developed a hybrid system that strongly couples magnons—the smallest unit of measurement for a magnetic spin excitation—with microwave photons. According to the researchers, the hybrid system achieved an ultrahigh coherence between […]

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