MIT News

MIT Researchers Develop a New Way of Managing Memory on Computer Chips

September 26, 2016

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MIT Improves Cache Management

Engineers from MIT have found a new way of managing memory on computer chips, using circuit space much more efficiently and more consistent with existing chip designs. A year ago, researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory unveiled a fundamentally new way of managing memory on computer chips, one that would use circuit […]

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New MIT Gene Therapy Technique May Help Prevent Cancer Metastasis

September 21, 2016

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New Gene Therapy Technique May Help Prevent Cancer Metastasis

MIT researchers have developed a new gene therapy technique that uses microRNAs — small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression — to control breast cancer metastasis. The spread of malignant cells around the body, known as metastasis, is the leading cause of mortality in women with breast cancer. Now, a new gene therapy technique […]

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MIT Scientists Develop New Method to Deliver Beneficial Bacteria to the GI Tract

September 20, 2016

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Researchers Develop New Method to Deliver Beneficial Bacteria to the GI Tract

By coating bacteria with polymer layers that protect them from the acids and bile salts found in the digestive tract, scientists from MIT have developed a new strategy for delivering large numbers of beneficial bacterial to the human gut. The human digestive tract contains trillions of bacteria, many of which help digest food and fight […]

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MIT Biologists Reveal How lncRNA Helps to Control Cell Fate

September 12, 2016

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Biologists Discover How RNA Helps Control Cell Fate

New research details how biologists from MIT deciphered the structure of one type of long noncoding RNA and used that information to figure out how it interacts with a cellular protein to control the development of heart muscle cells. Several years ago, biologists discovered a new type of genetic material known as long noncoding RNA. […]

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MIT Researchers Help Reduce Runoff Pollution by Making Spray Droplets Less Bouncy

September 2, 2016

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MIT Scientists Help Reduce Runoff Pollution

Researchers from MIT have found a way to make pesticides stick to leaves instead of bouncing off, helping to reduce runoff pollution. When farmers spray their fields with pesticides or other treatments, only 2 percent of the spray sticks to the plants. A significant portion of it typically bounces right off the plants, lands on […]

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Engineers Design a New Solar Cell That is More Efficient and Costs Less

August 31, 2016

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New More Efficient Solar Cell

Engineers from MIT and the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology have developed a new solar cell that combines two different layers of sunlight-absorbing material to harvest a broader range of the sun’s energy. The cost of solar power is beginning to reach price parity with cheaper fossil fuel-based electricity in many parts of the […]

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MIT Biological Engineers Program Human Cells to Store Complex Histories in Their DNA

August 22, 2016

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Recording Analog Memories in Human Cells

Newly published research details how biological engineers from MIT developed a way to record complex histories in the DNA of human cells, allowing them to retrieve “memories” of past events by sequencing the DNA. This analog memory storage system — the first that can record the duration and/or intensity of events in human cells — […]

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MIT Aerospace Engineers Develop Carbon Nanotube “Stitches” to Strengthen Composites

August 8, 2016

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Carbon Nanotube Stitches

Using carbon nanotube “stitches,” aerospace engineers from MIT have found a way to strengthen composites, helping make airplane frames lighter and more damage-resistant. The newest Airbus and Boeing passenger jets flying today are made primarily from advanced composite materials such as carbon fiber reinforced plastic — extremely light, durable materials that reduce the overall weight […]

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Adhesive Patch Delivers Therapy to Tumor Sites

August 1, 2016

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New Device Delivers Therapy to Tumor Sites

A newly published study from MIT describes an adhesive patch that can stick to the tumor site, either before or after surgery, to deliver a triple-combination of drug, gene, and photo (light-based) therapy. Approximately one in 20 people will develop colorectal cancer in their lifetime, making it the third-most prevalent form of the disease in […]

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New Battery Could Overcome Key Drawbacks of Lithium-Air Batteries

July 26, 2016

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New Battery Could Overcome Key Drawbacks of Lithium-Air Batteries

Engineers from MIT propose that a new lithium-oxygen battery material could be packaged in batteries that are very similar to conventional sealed batteries yet provide much more energy for their weight. Lithium-air batteries are considered highly promising technologies for electric cars and portable electronic devices because of their potential for delivering a high energy output […]

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New Research Opens New Realms of Light-Matter Interaction

July 14, 2016

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MIT Study Opens New Realms of Light-Matter Interaction

A new study from MIT shows that some “forbidden” light emissions are in fact possible, and could enable new sensors and light-emitting devices. A new MIT study could open up new areas of technology based on types of light emission that had been thought to be “forbidden,” or at least so unlikely as to be […]

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Engineers Design Programmable RNA Vaccines That Protext Against Ebola and H1N1 Influenza

July 5, 2016

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MIT Engineers Design Programmable RNA Vaccines

A newly published study details how engineers developed programmable RNA vaccines that work against Ebola, H1N1 influenza, and a common parasites in mice. MIT engineers have developed a new type of easily customizable vaccine that can be manufactured in one week, allowing it to be rapidly deployed in response to disease outbreaks. So far, they […]

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Antarctic Ozone Layer Shows Signs of Healing

July 1, 2016

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MIT Scientists Observe First Signs of Healing in the Antarctic Ozone Layer

New research details the “first fingerprints of healing” of the Antarctic ozone layer. Scientists found that the September ozone hole has shrunk by more than 4 million square kilometers — about half the area of the contiguous United States — since 2000, when ozone depletion was at its peak. The team also showed for the […]

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MIT Geologists Trace Mercury’s Origins to Rare Meteorite

June 29, 2016

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Astronomers Trace Mercury’s Origins to Rare Meteorite

A newly published study shows that Mercury underwent a period of rapid cooling and that the planet likely has the composition of an enstatite chondrite — a type of meteorite that is extremely rare here on Earth. Around 4.6 billion years ago, the universe was a chaos of collapsing gas and spinning debris. Small particles […]

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New Hydrogel Hybrid Could Be Used To Make Artificial Skin

June 29, 2016

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MIT Develops Tough Hydrogel Hybrid

MIT engineers have developed a method to bind gelatin-like polymer materials called hydrogels and elastomers, which could be used to make artificial skin and longer-lasting contact lenses. If you leave a cube of Jell-O on the kitchen counter, eventually its water will evaporate, leaving behind a shrunken, hardened mass — hardly an appetizing confection. The […]

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Graphene Provides a New Way to Turn Electricity Into Light

June 15, 2016

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A New Way to Turn Electricity Into Light

By slowing down light to a speed slower than flowing electrons, scientists have developed a new way to turn electricity into light. When an airplane begins to move faster than the speed of sound, it creates a shockwave that produces a well-known “boom” of sound. Now, researchers at MIT and elsewhere have discovered a similar […]

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LIGO Detects Gravitational Waves Again

June 15, 2016

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LIGO Detects Gravitational Waves for the Second Time

The twin Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) has detected gravitational waves for the second time. The signal was produced by two black holes colliding 1.4 billion light years away. For the second time, scientists have directly detected gravitational waves — ripples through the fabric of space-time, created by extreme, cataclysmic events in the distant universe. […]

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Astronomers Observe Supermassive Black Hole Feeding on Cold Gas

June 8, 2016

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MIT Astronomers Observe Supermassive Black Hole Feeding on Cold Gas

A newly published study details the first direct evidence to support the hypothesis that black holes feed on clouds of cold gas. At the center of a galaxy cluster, 1 billion light years from Earth, a voracious, supermassive black hole is preparing for a chilly feast. For the first time, astronomers have detected billowy clouds […]

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