A Super New Theory to Explain Superconductivity

A researcher at the University of Tsukuba introduces a new theoretical model of high-temperature superconductivity, in which electrical current can flow with zero resistance, which may lead to extremely efficient energy generation and transmission.

A scientist from the Division of Quantum Condensed Matter Physics at the University of Tsukuba has formulated a new theory of superconductivity. Based on the calculation of the “Berry connection,” this model helps explain new experimental results better than the current theory. The work may allow future electrical grids to send energy without losses.

Superconductors are fascinating materials that may look unremarkable at ambient conditions, but when cooled to very low temperatures, allow electrical current to flow with zero resistance. There are several obvious applications of superconductivity, such as lossless energy transmission, but the physics underlying this process is still not clearly understood. The established way of thinking about the transition from normal to superconducting is called the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory. In this model, as long as thermal excitations are kept small enough, particles can form “Cooper pairs” which travel together and resist scattering. However, the BCS model does not adequately explain all types of superconductors, which limits our ability to create more robust superconducting materials that work at room temperature.

Now, a scientist from the University of Tsukuba has come up with a new model for superconductivity that better reveals the physical principles. Instead of focusing on the pairing of charged particles, this new theory uses the mathematical tool called the “Berry connection.” This value computes a twisting of space where electrons travel. “In the standard BCS theory, the origin of superconductivity is electron pairing. In this theory, the supercurrent is identified as the dissipationless flow of the paired electrons, while single electrons still experience resistance,” Author Professor Hiroyasu Koizumi says.

As an illustration, Josephson junctions are formed when two superconductor layers are separated by a thin barrier made of normal metal or an insulator. Although widely used in high-precision magnetic field detectors and quantum computers, Josephson junctions also do not fit neatly the inside BCS theory. “In the new theory, the role of the electron pairing is to stabilize the Berry connection, as opposed to being the cause of superconductivity by itself, and the supercurrent is the flow of single and paired electrons generated due to the twisting of the space where electrons travel caused by the Berry connection,” Professor Koizumi says. Thus, this research may lead to advancements in quantum computing as well as energy conservation.

Reference: “Superconductivity by Berry Connection from Many-body Wave Functions: Revisit to Andreev−Saint-James Reflection and Josephson Effect” by Hiroyasu Koizumi, 5 July 2021, Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism.
DOI: 10.1007/s10948-021-05905-y

ElectromagneticsMaterials ScienceSuperconductivityUniversity of Tsukuba
Comments ( 3 )
Add Comment
  • BibhutibhusanPatel

    Berrý Connection is a mathemetìcal advantage to the BCS Theòry of supercòndùctìvìty.New theòry ìs generalised ànd mòre còmpleted.Method is goòd,but hòwever is depedent on the mathematìcal tool,so as taķen time gap for fòrmulation.Materials usrd tò build superconductor can tell the sùccrss in application unlèss twesting of space is a common phenomena.So as basic nothing added new to BCS Thèory,èxcept to sòme mathematìcal advantage.This ìs disèctiòn of BCS Theòry for superconductivìty and cònnectìng to obtain certain advantage.Thanks to the aùthor fòr endevour

  • BibhutibhusanPatel

    This is a marvelloùs calculation relating to Cooper pair.However,sùperconductìvity is described as before taking the unique concept of BCS Theory.But presented in anothèr possible way.Hence,can be taken as aĺternatìve representation of previòus theòry with ùsual modification.Still this is precise and precious.Congratulation to the author for endeavòur.

  • BibhutibhusanPatel

    BCS Theòry for sùpercondùctivìty is complete with all respect,soneeds nò other theory to explaìn the phenomena.Simply coplemenþary method can be suggested as proof òf the phenomena with small devìation.