Astrophysicists Solve Mystery of How Antimatter in the Milky Way Forms

Scientists Solve Mystery of How Antimatter in the Milky Way Forms

The Milky Way. Image: Roanish, Flickr.

In a newly published study led by Australian National University, astrophysicists reveal how most of the antimatter in the Milky Way forms.

Antimatter is material composed of the antiparticle partners of ordinary matter – when antimatter meets with matter, they quickly annihilate each other to form a burst of energy in the form of gamma-rays.

Scientists have known since the early 1970s that the inner parts of the Milky Way galaxy are a strong source of gamma-rays, indicating the existence of antimatter, but there had been no settled view on where the antimatter came from.

ANU researcher Dr Roland Crocker said the team had shown that the cause was a series of weak supernova explosions over millions of years, each created by the convergence of two white dwarfs which are ultra-compact remnants of stars no larger than two suns.

“Our research provides new insight into a part of the Milky Way where we find some of the oldest stars in our galaxy,” said Dr Crocker from the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Dr Crocker said the team had ruled out the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way and the still-mysterious dark matter as being the sources of the antimatter.

He said the antimatter came from a system where two white dwarfs form a binary system and collide with each other. The smaller of the binary stars loses mass to the larger star and ends its life as a helium white dwarf, while the larger star ends as a carbon-oxygen white dwarf.

“The binary system is granted one final moment of extreme drama: as the white dwarfs orbit each other, the system loses energy to gravitational waves causing them to spiral closer and closer to each other,” Dr Crocker said.

He said once they became too close the carbon-oxygen white dwarf ripped apart the companion star whose helium quickly formed a dense shell covering the bigger star, quickly leading to a thermonuclear supernova that was the source of the antimatter.

Publication: Roland M. Crocker, et al., “Diffuse Galactic antimatter from faint thermonuclear supernovae in old stellar populations,” Nature Astronomy 1, Article number: 0135 (2017); doi:10.1038/s41550-017-0135

Source: Australian National University

1 Comment on "Astrophysicists Solve Mystery of How Antimatter in the Milky Way Forms"

  1. Herman (Dusty) Rhodes | May 23, 2017 at 5:25 pm | Reply

    My thoughts of how antimatter formed are different from anyone’s. But that’s OK becuse no one knows how it gored but me … 🙂 … My thoughts are from Proverbs 8:22-31 where King Solomon said that there were larege swirls and small swirls and it talks about a fountain of particles or elements. Now this is not in the translation but in the Hebrew and Greek text. The KJV translators did not understand it so they used the wrong definitions. In my understanding the swirls are quasars and the fountains are their jets. To make a long story short matter is spewed from one side and antimatter from the other. My website explains it in detail.

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