A team led by Prof. Guo Guoping and Prof. Cao Gang from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), worked together with Sigmund Kohler from the Materials Science Institute of Madrid to create a response theory relevant for strongly coupled and multiqubit systems. Their research has recently been published in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Semiconductor quantum dot (QD) strongly coupled to microwave photons is the key to investigate light-matter interactions. In previous studies, the team used a high-impedance super-conducting resonant cavity to implement the strong coupling of the QD-cavity hybrid system. Based on this strong coupling, the team further studied the circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED) of the periodically driven, strongly coupled hybrid system.
In this study, the researchers first prepared a composite device of a high-impedance resonant cavity integrated with two double quantum dots (DQD). By probing the microwave response signal of the DQD-cavity hybrid system under periodic driving, they found that the existing theory for dispersive cavity readout fails due to the enhancement of the coupling strength.
Therefore, researchers developed a new response theory that treats the cavity as a part of the driven system, as opposed to the existing theory. Using this theory, they successfully simulated and interpreted the signals in the experiment, and further investigated the case of a two-DQD-cavity hybrid system under periodic driving.
This study blazed a trail for understanding periodically driven QD-cavity hybrid systems. Besides, the theoretical approach developed is not only applicable to hybrid systems with different coupling strength but also can be extended to multiqubit systems.
Reference: “Probing Two Driven Double Quantum Dots Strongly Coupled to a Cavity” by Si-Si Gu, Sigmund Kohler, Yong-Qiang Xu, Rui Wu, Shun-Li Jiang, Shu-Kun Ye, Ting Lin, Bao-Chuan Wang, Hai-Ou Li, Gang Cao and Guo-Ping Guo, 9 June 2023, Physical Review Letters.