**Recent advancements in tachyon theory have addressed past inconsistencies by incorporating both past and future states into the boundary conditions, leading to a new quantum entanglement theory and suggesting a critical role for tachyons in matter formation.**

*Tachyons are hypothetical particles that travel at speeds greater than the speed of light. These superluminal particles, are the “enfant terrible” of modern physics. Until recently, they were generally regarded as entities that did not fit into the special theory of relativity. However, a paper just published **by physicists from the University of Warsaw and the University of Oxford has shown that many of these prejudices were unfounded. Tachyons are not only not ruled out by the theory, but allow us to understand its causal structure better. *

#### Superluminal Motion and Tachyons

Motion at speeds beyond the speed of light is one of the most controversial issues in physics. Hypothetical particles that could move at superluminal speeds, called tachyons (from the Greek tachýs — fast, quick), are the ‘enfant terrible’ of modern physics. Until recently, they were widely regarded as creations that do not fit into the special theory of relativity.

#### Challenges to Tachyon Theory in Quantum Mechanics

At least three reasons for the non-existence of tachyons within quantum theory were known so far. The first: the ground state of the tachyon field was supposed to be unstable, which would mean that such superluminal particles would form `avalanches’. The second: a change in the inertial observer was supposed to lead to a change in the number of particles observed in his reference system, yet the existence of, say, seven particles cannot depend on who is looking at them. The third reason: the energy of the superluminal particles could take on negative values.

Meanwhile, a group of authors: Jerzy Paczos, pursuing his PhD at the University of Stockholm, Kacper Dębski, finishing his PhD at the Faculty of Physics, Szymon Cedrowski, a final-year Physics (Studies in English) student, and four more experienced researchers: Szymon Charzyński, Krzysztof Turzyński, Andrzej Dragan (all from Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw) and Artur Ekert from Oxford University, have just pointed out that the difficulties with tachyons so far had a common cause.

It turned out that the ‘boundary conditions’ that determine the course of physical processes include not only the initial state but also the final state of the system. The results of the international team of researchers have just been published in the prestigious journal *Physical Review D*.

#### A Breakthrough in Understanding Tachyons

To put it simply: in order to calculate the probability of a quantum process involving tachyons, it is necessary to know not only its past initial state but also its future final state. Once this fact was incorporated into the theory, all the difficulties mentioned earlier completely disappeared and tachyon theory became mathematically consistent. “It’s a bit like internet advertising — one simple trick can solve your problems,” says Andrzej Dragan, chief inspirer of the whole research endeavor.

“The idea that the future can influence the present instead of the present determining the future is not new in physics. However, until now, this type of view has at best been an unorthodox interpretation of certain quantum phenomena, and this time we were forced to this conclusion by the theory itself. To ‘make room’ for tachyons we had to expand the state space,” concludes Dragan.

#### Implications and Future of Tachyon Research

The authors also predict that the expansion of the boundary conditions has its consequences: a new kind of quantum entanglement appears in the theory, mixing past and future, which is not present in conventional particle theory. The paper also raises the question of whether tachyons described in this way are purely a ‘mathematical possibility’ or whether such particles are likely to be observed one day.

According to the authors, tachyons are not only a possibility but are, in fact, an indispensable component of the spontaneous breaking process responsible for the formation of matter. This hypothesis would mean that Higgs field excitations, before the symmetry was spontaneously broken, could travel at superluminal speeds in the vacuum.

Reference: “Covariant quantum field theory of tachyons” by Jerzy Paczos, Kacper Dębski, Szymon Cedrowski, Szymon Charzyński, Krzysztof Turzyński, Artur Ekert and Andrzej Dragan, 9 July 2024, *Physical Review D*.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.110.015006

Faster Than a Speeding Photon: How Tachyons Challenge Modern Physics.

VERY GOOD!

As a scientific researcher, thought expression must be rigorous. The physical essence of the speed of light in the theory of relativity is spacetime synchronization.

Please ask researchers to think deeply:

What do you think is a faster speed than space-time synchronization?

When you really think about it the rules (laws) of physics is actually very important. It almost runs through the entire process of scientific research. Scientific research guided by correct theories can help humanity avoid detours, failures, and pomposity.

Please witness the exemplary collaboration between theoretical physicists and experimentalists (https://scitechdaily.com/microscope-spacecrafts-most-precise-test-of-key-component-of-the-theory-of-general-relativity/#comment-854286). Contemporary physics has always lived in a self righteous children’s story world. Whose values have been overturned by such a comical and ridiculous reality?

In the superposition, deflection, and entanglement of topological vortices, the change of symmetry is always the Symmetry-Readjusted, not the Symmetry-Broken. The physical phenomena observed in scientific research are not precisely symmetrical. That’s because it’s difficult for us to observe the entirety of the world that is interactions and interconnections. Being in the world of spin wave interactions of topological vorties, any asymmetry is a local manifestation of overall symmetry adjustment.

Misguided by the pseudo-scientific theory of Physical Review Letters (PRL), many researchers do not consider the similarities and differences between geometric shapes and physical reality in physics research, but indulge in imagination. Although scientific research can be imagined, it cannot be done recklessly.

Spin creates everything, spin creates the world. The branch of mathematics known as topology has become a cornerstone of modern physics. The perpetually swirling topological vortices defy traditional physics’ expectations.

If you hate physical review so much why do you comment on every story? Wouldn’t they publish your topical spin vortex theory?

The Physical Review Letters (PRL) insist that two high-dimensional spacetime objects (such as two sets of Cobalt-60) can become two mirror images of each other when they rotated in reverse. Do you think it’s correct?

Can so-called peer-reviewed academic publications be so irresponsible?

Do they still have a scientific spirit?

They harm science in the name of science, and their behavior far exceeds any pseudoscientific publication.

I hope researchers are not fooled by the pseudoscientific theories of the Physical Review, and hope more people dare to stand up and fight against rampant pseudoscience.

The final states are multiple so im a math equation one must be chosen and it yields one solution.

From an initial state we can only envision probabilities.

But when we chose one outcome, the final one, the equation can be fixed

Although mathematics is the language of science, it must be understood correctly.

The universe does not make algebra, formulas, or fractions. The universe is a superposition, deflection, and entanglement of geometric shapes, is the interaction and balance of countless fractal structures of topological vortices. In these interaction and balance, the past is difficult to change. For the future, some predictable, some unpredictable. But, the present moment is real, certain, and actionable. Physics should not ignore that low dimensional topological structures are the material basis of high-dimensional spacetime.

LOL that was the trick? Jeez. I should have thought of that!

The speed of light is not a constant as once thought, and this has now been proved by Electrodynamic theory and by Experiments done by many independent researchers. The results clearly show that light propagates instantaneously when it is created by a source, and reduces to approximately the speed of light in the farfield, about one wavelength from the source, and never becomes equal to exactly c. This corresponds the phase speed, group speed, and information speed. Any theory assuming the speed of light is a constant, such as Special Relativity and General Relativity are wrong, and it has implications to Quantum theories as well. So this fact about the speed of light affects all of Modern Physics. Often it is stated that Relativity has been verified by so many experiments, how can it be wrong. Well no experiment can prove a theory, and can only provide evidence that a theory is correct. But one experiment can absolutely disprove a theory, and the new speed of light experiments proving the speed of light is not a constant is such a proof. So what does it mean? Well a derivation of Relativity using instantaneous nearfield light yields Galilean Relativity. This can easily seen by inserting c=infinity into the Lorentz Transform, yielding the GalileanTransform, where time is the same in all inertial frames. So a moving object observed with instantaneous nearfield light will yield no Relativistic effects, whereas by changing the frequency of the light such that farfield light is used will observe Relativistic effects. But since time and space are real and independent of the frequency of light used to measure its effects, then one must conclude the effects of Relativity are just an optical illusion.

Since General Relativity is based on Special Relativity, then it has the same problem. A better theory of Gravity is Gravitoelectromagnetism which assumes gravity can be mathematically described by 4 Maxwell equations, similar to to those of electromagnetic theory. It is well known that General Relativity reduces to Gravitoelectromagnetism for weak fields, which is all that we observe. Using this theory, analysis of an oscillating mass yields a wave equation set equal to a source term. Analysis of this equation shows that the phase speed, group speed, and information speed are instantaneous in the nearfield and reduce to the speed of light in the farfield. This theory then accounts for all the observed gravitational effects including instantaneous nearfield and the speed of light farfield. The main difference is that this theory is a field theory, and not a geometrical theory like General Relativity. Because it is a field theory, Gravity can be then be quantized as the Graviton.

Lastly it should be mentioned that this research shows that the Pilot Wave interpretation of Quantum Mechanics can no longer be criticized for requiring instantaneous interaction of the pilot wave, thereby violating Relativity. It should also be noted that nearfield electromagnetic fields can be explained by quantum mechanics using the Pilot Wave interpretation of quantum mechanics and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle (HUP), where Δx and Δp are interpreted as averages, and not the uncertainty in the values as in other interpretations of quantum mechanics. So in HUP: Δx Δp = h, where Δp=mΔv, and m is an effective mass due to momentum, thus HUP becomes: Δx Δv = h/m. In the nearfield where the field is created, Δx=0, therefore Δv=infinity. In the farfield, HUP: Δx Δp = h, where p = h/λ. HUP then becomes: Δx h/λ = h, or Δx=λ. Also in the farfield HUP becomes: λmΔv=h, thus Δv=h/(mλ). Since p=h/λ, then Δv=p/m. Also since p=mc, then Δv=c. So in summary, in the nearfield Δv=infinity, and in the farfield Δv=c, where Δv is the average velocity of the photon according to Pilot Wave theory. Consequently the Pilot wave interpretation should become the preferred interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. It should also be noted that this argument can be applied to all fields, including the graviton. Hence all fields should exhibit instantaneous nearfield and speed c farfield behavior, and this can explain the non-local effects observed in quantum entangled particles.

*YouTube presentation of above arguments: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sePdJ7vSQvQ&t=0s

*More extensive paper for the above arguments: William D. Walker and Dag Stranneby, A New Interpretation of Relativity, 2023: http://vixra.org/abs/2309.0145

*Electromagnetic pulse experiment paper: https://www.techrxiv.org/doi/full/10.36227/techrxiv.170862178.82175798/v1

Dr. William Walker – PhD in physics from ETH Zurich, 1997

VERY GOOD！

You have been fooled by pseudoscience and are deeply immersed in it. The speed of light in Relativity and the measured speed of light in physics experiments are two completely different concepts. One is the essence of nature, and the other is appearance.

Once physics masters the essence of nature, it can predict possible natural phenomena.

Tachyons if proven beyond a doubt to be I guess in existence could solve certain phenomenon such as people who seem to get a feeling about something before it happens so to say. Like when people seem to think that and I don’t mean it in like this stupid psychic way but when people genuinely get a feeling about something that’s going to happen before it happens and it actually happens the way they felt it was going to happen. Since our brain is a quantum computer basically then maybe certain people’s brains are structured in a way to feel tachyons more than others. Would give a real physical miserable explanation of how people seem to predict certain things.

Very good! The physical essence of feeling is still the interaction of topological vortex spins, is the synchronous effect of countless topological vortex spin fields.

The universe is a superposition, deflection, and entanglement of geometric shapes, is the interaction and balance of countless topological vortex fractal structures. In these interaction and balance, the past is difficult to change. For the future, some predictable, some unpredictable. But, the present moment (Including human thinking) is real, certain, and actionable. Physics should not ignore that low dimensional topological fractal structures are the material basis of high-dimensional spacetime.

Such as although people who seem to get a feeling about something before it happens, the future is still uncertain, some predictable, some unpredictable. The root cause is that although the spin of topological vortices is determined, their interaction may be influenced by multiple factors. From the universe to the human brain, everything is like this.

Is all this advanced physics mumbo jumbo ever gonna result in a tangible product that benefits the humanity and doesn’t hurt the environment?