Yale Scientists Discover Alzheimer’s Missing Link

September 9, 2013

Health

Alzheimers Missing Link Found

In a newly published study, Yale researchers reveal that a protein within the cell membrane called metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 is the missing link in the complicated chain of events that lead to Alzheimer’s disease.

Yale School of Medicine researchers have discovered a protein that is the missing link in the complicated chain of events that lead to Alzheimer’s disease, they report in the September 4 issue of the journal Neuron. Researchers also found that blocking the protein with an existing drug can restore memory in mice with brain damage that mimics the disease.

“What is very exciting is that of all the links in this molecular chain, this is the protein that may be most easily targeted by drugs,” said Stephen Strittmatter, the Vincent Coates Professor of Neurology and senior author of the study. “This gives us strong hope that we can find a drug that will work to lessen the burden of Alzheimer’s.”

Scientists have already provided a partial molecular map of how Alzheimer’s disease destroys brain cells. In earlier work, Strittmatter’s lab showed that the amyloid-beta peptides, which are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s, couple with prion proteins on the surface of neurons. By an unknown process, the coupling activates a molecular messenger within the cell called Fyn.

In the Neuron paper, the Yale team reveals the missing link in the chain, a protein within the cell membrane called metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 or mGluR5. When the protein is blocked by a drug similar to one being developed for Fragile X syndrome, the deficits in memory, learning, and synapse density were restored in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s.

Strittmatter stressed that new drugs may have to be designed to precisely target the amyloid-prion disruption of mGluR5 in human cases of Alzheimer’s and said his lab is exploring new ways to achieve this.

Other Yale authors are Ji Won Um, Adam C. Kaufman, Mikhail Kostylev, Jacqueline K. Heiss, Massimiliano Stagi, Hideyuki Takahashi, Meghan E. Kerrisk, Alexander Vortmeyer, Thomas Wisniewski, Anthony J. Koleske, Erik C. Gunther and 
Haakon B. Nygaard.

The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Publication: Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 Is a Coreceptor for Alzheimer Aβ Oligomer Bound to Cellular Prion Protein,” Neuron, Volume 79, Issue 5, 887-902, 4 September 2013; doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2013.06.036

Source: Bill Hathaway, Yale University News

Image: Yale University News

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One Response to “Yale Scientists Discover Alzheimer’s Missing Link”

  1. Madanagopal.V.C Says:

    Ameloid β Oigomer associates with the naturally finding PrPc protein found in the cell wall to execute Fyn inside the cell to cause loss of synapses and through pTau for causing neuro-fibrillary tangles inside the neuron cell that makes the Alzheimer’s disease. It is a good discovery to find out the facilitator in the cell membrane which is mGluR5 receptor, since the method of actual forming of plaques were not known. If this facilitator is disrupted then plaque formation will stop and the drug to cork this receptor is welcome to be discovered. Thank You.

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