Protein News

Proteins are large, complex molecules that play many critical roles in the body. They are made up of amino acids, which are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sometimes sulfur. These amino acids form long chains and the sequence of amino acids in a protein is defined by the sequence of a gene, which is encoded in genetic material. Proteins are essential to the structure, function, and regulation of the body’s tissues and organs. They can serve a wide array of functions through their various forms, including enzymes, which catalyze biochemical reactions, and structural components, which provide support in cells and tissues. Other proteins act as antibodies, binding to specific foreign particles and pathogens to help protect the body, or as messengers, such as hormones, which coordinate biological processes between different cells, tissues, and organs. The structure and function of proteins are determined by the amino acid sequence and the specific shape they fold into, which is crucial for their function.