New Therapy for Flu May Help in Fight Against COVID-19, HIV, and Many Other Pathogenic Viruses

Flu Virus

A new therapy for influenza virus infections that may also prove effective against many other pathogenic virus infections, including HIV and COVID-19, has been developed by Purdue University scientists.

In an average year, more than 2 million people in the United States are hospitalized with the flu, and 30,000 to 80,000 of them die from the flu or related complications.

The Purdue team’s work is detailed in Nature Communications and uses a targeted therapy approach against the virus infections.

“We target all of the antiviral drugs we develop specifically to virus-infected cells,” said Philip S. Low, the Purdue Ralph C. Corley Distinguished Professor of Chemistry. “That way, we treat the diseased cells without harming healthy cells. We use this capability to deliver immune-activating drugs selectively into flu-infected cells. There is also the potential that this therapy will prove efficacious in people infected with COVID-19.”

Philip S. Low

Philip S. Low, the Ralph C. Corley Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, is developing a new therapy for flu that may help in the fight against COVID-19. Credit: John Underwood/Purdue University

The flu virus, like many other pathogenic viruses, exports its proteins into its host cell surface and then buds off nascent viruses in the process of spreading to adjacent host cells. Because these exported viral proteins are not present in the membranes of healthy host cells, the Purdue team has exploited the presence of viral proteins in infected cells by designing homing molecules that target drugs specifically to virus-infected cells, thereby avoiding the collateral toxicity that occurs when antiviral drugs are taken up by uninfected cells.

“We chose to start our tests with influenza virus because the results can often be applied to other enveloped viruses,” Low said. “Our lab tests show that our process works in influenza infected mice that are inoculated with 100 times the lethal dose of virus.”

Low said the new therapy may prove effective against other pathogenic virus infections such as hepatitis B, HIV and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Reference: “A universal dual mechanism immunotherapy for the treatment of influenza virus infections” by Xin Liu, Boning Zhang, Yingcai Wang, Hanan S. Haymour, Fenghua Zhang, Le-cun Xu, Madduri Srinivasarao and Philip S. Low, 5 November 2020, Nature Communications.
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19386-5

Eradivir, a startup co-founded by Low, will commercialize the technology.

The therapy technologies are licensed through the Purdue Research Foundation Office of Technology Commercialization.

Low also is leading a team to develop new treatment options for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Lung fibrosis has been seen in COVID-19 patients.

2 Comments on "New Therapy for Flu May Help in Fight Against COVID-19, HIV, and Many Other Pathogenic Viruses"

  1. Sekar Vedaraman | November 30, 2020 at 11:40 pm | Reply

    Question:

    Was transgenic mice with Human Cells used for carrying out the experiments?

    Extend the research and develop this extremely promising breakthrough which appears to be a very interesting development.

  2. On September 28, 2016, my partner Allen’s pulmonologist told him to go home and get his affairs in order, because he only had 30 days to live. At that time, his biopsy showed severe idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Allen’s IPF caused him to struggle with many common daily activities. For instance, walking just 10 feet would leave him feeling dizzy and ready to fall. He had to use a walker to get from his living room chair to the bathroom. Even on supplemental oxygen, he had no energy.
    Allen began doing all the research he could on his condition and treatment options. At first, he was discouraged by the lack of information and support groups for IPF — the support groups he found were for people with COPD. Then, Allen found the multivitamincare.org website, and everything started to change for him.
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    Now, Allen says he feels so lucky to be alive after his doctor told him he only had 30 days left. Because of the results from his treatment, Allen has a short, sweet piece of advice for other chronic lung disease patients considering getting help from multivitamin herbal remedy.

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