Biodiversity News

Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth, encompassing the different species of plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms that inhabit an ecosystem, as well as the genetic diversity within species and the complexity of ecosystems in which they live. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of the Earth’s environments, contributing to ecosystem services such as soil formation, nutrient cycling, oxygen production, and water purification. Biodiversity also supports human societies through food resources, medicinal plants, and raw materials, while also offering recreational, cultural, and spiritual benefits. However, biodiversity is under threat due to human activities such as deforestation, pollution, climate change, and habitat destruction, leading to an accelerated rate of species extinction. Conservation efforts aim to protect and preserve biodiversity through sustainable practices, protected areas, and international agreements, recognizing its intrinsic value and its critical role in sustaining life on Earth.