Water News

Water is a vital substance for all forms of life, known chemically as H2O, consisting of two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom. It is unique due to its ability to exist in three states—liquid, solid (ice), and gas (vapor)—at the temperatures commonly found on Earth. Covering about 71% of the Earth’s surface, mostly in seas and oceans, water also circulates through the environment via the water cycle, which includes evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff. Water is crucial not only to the hydration and metabolic processes of living organisms but also to agricultural, industrial, household, recreational, and environmental activities. It acts as a solvent, temperature buffer, and transport medium within biological and ecological systems. The availability of clean, safe drinking water and the health of aquatic ecosystems are critical to public health and biodiversity, making water resource management a key focus in environmental conservation and sustainable development efforts.