Alarming Findings: Atrial Fibrillation Is More Common and Dangerous Than Previously Thought

Young Myocarditis Heart Concept

Recent research from UPMC has shown that atrial fibrillation is more common and severe in people under 65 than previously believed, leading to higher rates of severe health complications and lower survival rates, necessitating further studies for improved treatment options.

Atrial fibrillation (Afib), a common type of arrhythmia that is on the rise in people under the age of 65, is more dangerous in this increasingly younger population than previously thought, according to a new study recently published in Circulation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology and authored by physician-scientists at the UPMC Heart and Vascular Institute.

The study, which is among the first to examine a large group of Afib patients younger than 65 in the U.S., found that these younger patients were more likely to be hospitalized for heart failure, stroke, or heart attack and had significantly higher rates of comorbidity and mortality, compared to similarly aged and gender-matched people who do not have Afib.

“Common knowledge among cardiologists is that, in people under 65, Afib is extremely uncommon and not detrimental. But there really hasn’t been any data to back that up,” said lead author Dr. Aditya Bhonsale, M.D., M.H.S, a UPMC cardiac electrophysiologist in HVI’s Division of Cardiology who is also an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh.

Research Approach and Patient Data

“At UPMC, we’ve been seeing a lot more young patients with Afib in recent years and have been interested in understanding the real-world clinical course of these individuals. As a payer-provider with patient records across more than 40 hospitals, UPMC was uniquely positioned to ask this question, which no one has been able to ask before,” Bhonsale added.

Drawing from the electronic health records of 67,221 UPMC patients seeking care for Afib from 2010 through 2019, the researchers found that more than a quarter of them (17,335) were under the age of 65, a stark contrast to the 2% prevalence commonly estimated. The high proportion likely reflects an increasing burden of cardiovascular risk factors in younger Americans, said Bhonsale.

The UPMC team found that over the course of a decade, survival rates for those with the arrhythmia were 1.3 to 1.5 times worse for men with Afib, and 1.82 to 3.16 times worse for women, compared to similarly aged patients who did not have Afib. The patients studied also had high rates of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including smoking, obesity, hypertension, and sleep apnea, which contribute to damaging structural and electrical changes in the heart over time.

“We are optimistic that data from this study will foster future investigation to evaluate optimal therapies for patients with Afib,” said senior author Sandeep Jain, M.D., director of cardiac electrophysiology in HVI’s Division of Cardiology who is also a professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh.

Reference: “Mortality, Hospitalization, and Cardiac Interventions in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Aged <65 Years” by Aditya Bhonsale, Jianhui Zhu, Floyd Thoma, Steve Koscumb, Krishna Kancharla, Andrew Voigt, Jared Magnani, N.A. Estes, Samir Saba, Oscar Marroquin, Suresh Mulukutla and Sandeep Jain, 22 April 2024, Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.123.012143

Other authors on the study were Jianhui Zhu Ph.D., Floyd Thoma, Steve Koscumb, Krishna Kancharla, M.D., Andrew Voigt, M.D., Jared Magnani, M.D., N. A. Estes, M.D., Samir Saba, M.D., Oscar Marroquin, M.D., and Suresh Mulukutla, M.D., all of UPMC.

1 Comment on "Alarming Findings: Atrial Fibrillation Is More Common and Dangerous Than Previously Thought"

  1. Ebsa abdureman kore | April 29, 2024 at 10:20 am | Reply

    This weekend I have encountered 2 women pts without bilateral leg swelling but with dyspnea and migrant joint pain in which I assessed rheumatoid heart disease in bedeno health center and both are <35 and referred to bedeno primary hospital.

Leave a comment

Email address is optional. If provided, your email will not be published or shared.