New Data Reveals That Vasectomies Are Becoming More Common in the United States

Vasectomy Concept

Following the overturning of Roe v. Wade in 2022, vasectomy rates in the U.S. saw a notable increase from 2014 to 2021. University of Chicago’s study underscores the importance of diverse contraceptive options and the need for comprehensive healthcare support.

In the wake of the 2022 Supreme Court ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization that overturned Roe v. Wade, researchers at the University of Chicago set out to investigate whether anticipation of restricted abortion access increased interest in vasectomies in the preceding years. 

Their recent analysis revealed a significant increase in vasectomy rates in the US from 2014 to 2021. Many men chose this outpatient procedure, which permanently prevents sperm release, as a form of contraception. These findings underscore the importance of healthcare professionals actively providing thorough guidance and support to those considering permanent birth control methods.

Research Methodology and Findings

In a collaboration between the Section of Urology at the University of Chicago Medicine and the UChicago Center for Health and the Social Sciences, researchers used commercial health insurance claims data to calculate the annual vasectomy rate among privately insured men aged 18-64 in the U.S.

The findings revealed that the percentage of all male patients undergoing vasectomies in a given year increased from 2014 (0.427%) to 2021 (0.537%). While the absolute numbers among the general population remain low — roughly 4% of men report having undergone sterilization in their lifetime — the 26% relative increase in vasectomy rates means urologists must be prepared for more frequent family planning conversations.

“We are anticipating increased consultations for vasectomy in our clinics,” said urologist Omer Raheem, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery-Urology and the senior author of the study. “It is essential for healthcare providers to be aware of these trends and proactively offer vasectomy counseling and services to meet the growing needs of patients.”

Demographic Variations in Vasectomy Rates

To gain a more nuanced view of these needs, the researchers further analyzed variations in vasectomy rates based on age group, marital status, maternal age of partner, number of children, and location. The absolute changes were most significant among men with three or more children, those with two children, and those with a partner under the age of 35.

Conversely, the relative changes were most prominent among men with no children, men with a partner over the age of 35, single men, and those aged 18-24 – which speaks to the increasing popularity of the procedure among men who previously may not have opted for permanent contraception. Additionally, in all regions except the Northeast, the absolute and relative changes were greater in rural geographies compared to urban areas, which Raheem suggested indicates a need to focus on ensuring widespread access to care.

Post-Dobbs Trends and Future Implications

The researchers also intend to investigate post-Dobbs trends as soon as data becomes available.

“Google Trends analyses, media outlets, and retrospective reviews of billing and electronic medical records from academic hospitals have suggested even greater interest in vasectomies after the overturning of Roe v. Wade,” wrote the study’s authors.

“While survey and health insurance claims data from 2022 are not yet available to directly study this relationship, our findings offer valuable context on permanent contraceptive utilization in men in the years leading up to the landmark decision,” Raheem said.

Overall, these findings underscore the significance of providing diverse contraceptive options, such as vasectomies and male contraceptive pills, and investing in research and innovation to cater to patients’ evolving needs.

Reference: “Trends in the Vasectomy Rate Among Privately Insured Men Aged 18–64 in the United States Between 2014 and 2021” by Zhong Huang, Max J. Hyman and Omer A. Raheem, 21 June 2023, Urology.
DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2023.06.013

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