New Study Uncovers Unexpected Side Effect of Daily Aspirin Usage in Older Adults

Man Pouring Drugs into Hand Medicine Aspirin

Anemia is a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood, leading to decreased oxygen transport to the body’s tissues. Common symptoms include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, and shortness of breath. Various factors can cause anemia, ranging from nutritional deficiencies to chronic diseases, necessitating different treatments based on its origin. Now, new research suggests that daily aspirin usage could be a contributing factor to this health concern.

A recent analysis of data from the landmark ASPREE trial revealed that prolonged daily aspirin consumption increased anemia risk by 20 percent in individuals predominantly aged 70 and above.

In light of these findings, researchers recommend routine anemia checks for elderly individuals on low-dose aspirin. Additionally, they advise such adults to consult their GP regarding any health or medication concerns.

The Monash University-led study, published in Annals of Internal Medicine, followed 18,153 initially healthy older adults in Australia and the USA and recorded incidents of anemia over an average of 4.7 years. The risk of developing anemia was found to be 20 percent higher in the aspirin group compared to those in the placebo group.

It was the largest study to investigate anemia in older people as part of a randomized controlled trial, ASPREE (ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly) – with half the participants taking a placebo and the other half a daily low dose (100mg) of aspirin.

Anemia is commonly experienced by older adults, potentially affecting overall function and increasing fatigue, disabilities, depressive symptoms, and cognitive problems. In addition to a higher risk of anemia, blood tests revealed a faster decline of hemoglobin and reduced ferritin (a protein that carries iron) levels in the aspirin group compared to the placebo group.

Lead author, Associate Professor Zoe McQuilten from Monash University’s School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, said while bleeding was a known side-effect of aspirin, few previous studies had looked at the effect of prolonged aspirin use on the progressive development of anemia in older adults.

“This study gives a clearer picture of the additional risk of becoming anemic with aspirin use and the impact is likely to be greater in older adults with underlying diseases, such as kidney disease,”  Associate Professor McQuilten said.

Associate Professor McQuilten said the new data gave doctors insight into the risk of anemia from prolonged aspirin use by their older patients. “Older adults are more likely to become anaemic generally and now doctors can potentially identify patients at higher risk of developing anaemia,” she said.

Associate Professor McQuilten urged patients to follow the advice of their doctor about their daily use of aspirin. She cautioned that for some older adults, aspirin was recommended as a valuable therapy to prevent recurring heart attacks or stroke. “Patients should not change their aspirin regimen without speaking to their GP,” she said.

Reference: “Effect of Low-Dose Aspirin Versus Placebo on Incidence of Anemia in the Elderly – A Secondary Analysis of the Aspirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly Trial” by Zoe K. McQuilten, Le Thi Phuong Thao, Sant-Rayn Pasricha,Andrew S. Artz, Michael Bailey, Andrew T. Chan, Harvey Jay Cohen, Jessica E. Lockery, Anne M. Murray, Mark R. Nelson, Hans G. Schneider, Rory Wolfe, Robyn L. Woods, Erica M. Wood and John J. McNeil, July 2023, Annals of Internal Medicine.
DOI: 10.7326/M23-0675

The study was funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Cancer Institute, the National Health and Medical Research Council, and the Victorian Cancer Agency.

2 Comments on "New Study Uncovers Unexpected Side Effect of Daily Aspirin Usage in Older Adults"

  1. Do scientists ever consider — *before publishing* — that cause and effect might not be directly link despite statistical correlation?

    Eg. Low dose aspirin used to try and prevent heart-attacks and strokes in those known to be susceptible to them. There is substantial evidence that it achieves this goal with far greater than ‘statistically significant’ benefits.

    Is it at all possible — even likely — that more of those taking it, live longer by not having heart attacks they otherwise would; thus more of them reach an age where anemia becomes significant, than among those not taking it?

    Thus higher levels of anemia amongst those taking low dose aspirin, is not cause by the aspirin use, but ny the already known cause of old age. Ie. They lived longer.

  2. Very easily remedied by eating a few raisons every day. Is this a fake article put out by the company that makes Eloquist? That company has been waging war against Aspirin for decades. This might be a plant study. Yeah, a few raisons every day can solve this little problem. I have been taking Aspirin daily for over 20 years, and have had no problems.

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