Quantum Breakthrough: Record-Breaking Quantum Teleportation Achieved Over Metropolitan Range

Quantum Technology Internet

Advancing quantum teleportation, researchers set a new speed record of 7.1 qubits per second, utilizing innovative technology and overcoming prior limitations, marking a pivotal stride toward an efficient, far-reaching quantum internet.

Quantum teleportation enables the transfer of quantum information to distant locations through the use of quantum entanglement and classical communication. This concept has been realized in various quantum light systems, ranging from laboratory-based experiments to practical real-world tests. Notably, by utilizing the low-Earth orbit Micius satellite, scientists have successfully teleported quantum information over distances exceeding 1200 km. However, there hasn’t been a quantum teleportation system yet whose rate can reach the order of Hertz. This hinders future applications of the quantum internet.

Advancements in Teleportation Speed

In a paper published in Light Science & Application, a team of scientists, led by Prof. Guangcan Guo and Prof. Qiang Zhou from the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC) cooperating with Prof. Lixing You from the Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, have improved the teleportation rate to 7.1 qubits per second for the first time based on the “No. 1 Metropolitan Quantum Internet of UESTC”.

This presents a new record for the quantum teleportation system over metropolitan range.

Aerial View of the Teleportation System

a, Aerial view of the teleportation system. Alice ‘A’ is located at network’s switching room, Bob ‘B’ and Charlie ‘C’ are located at two separated laboratories. All fibers connecting the three nodes belong to the UESTC backbone network. During the experiment, only the signals created by Alice, Bob and Charlie are transferred through these ‘dark’ fibers. b, Scheme of the teleportation system. Alice prepares the initial state with a weak coherent single-photon source and sends it to Charlie through a quantum channel. An entanglement source at Bob generates a pair of entangled photons and then sends the idler photon to Charlie via another quantum channel The signal photon is stored in a fiber spool. Charlie implements a joint Bell-state measurement (BSM) between the qubit sent by Alice and Bob, projecting them onto one of the four Bell states. Then the BSM result is sent to Bob via a classical channel, who performs a unitary (U) transformation on the signal photon to recover the initial state. Credit: Si Shen, Chenzhi Yuan, Zichang Zhang, Hao Yu, Ruiming Zhang, Chuanrong Yang, Hao Li, Zhen Wang, You Wang, Guangwei Deng, Haizhi Song, Lixing You, Yunru Fan, Guangcan Guo and Qiang Zhou

“Demonstrating high-speed quantum teleportation outside of a laboratory involves a whole set of challenges. This experiment shows how these challenges can be overcome and hence it establishes an important milestone towards the future quantum internet,” said Prof. Qiang Zhou, who is the corresponding author of this work. The main experimental challenge in a real-world quantum teleportation system is performing the Bell state measurement (BSM).

In order to ensure the successful quantum teleportation and improve the efficiency of BSM, Alice’s and Bob’s photons need to be indistinguishable at Charlie after long-distance transmission in fiber. The team developed a fully running feedback system, which realized the fast stabilization of the path length difference and polarization of the photons.

Innovative Techniques and Equipment

On the other hand, the team used a single piece of fiber-pigtailed periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide to generate the entangled photon pairs. Based on this, a high-quality quantum entangled light source with a 500 MHz repetition rate was developed for the teleportation system.

Individual and Average Fidelities of Four Teleported States With Ideal State

Red bars are fidelities measured using QST. Blue bars are fidelities obtained with DSM. Both fidelities from the two methods exceed the classical limit of 2/3, i.e., the dashed gray line. Credit: Si Shen, Chenzhi Yuan, Zichang Zhang, Hao Yu, Ruiming Zhang, Chuanrong Yang, Hao Li, Zhen Wang, You Wang, Guangwei Deng, Haizhi Song, Lixing You, Yunru Fan, Guangcan Guo and Qiang Zhou

Such a high-speed quantum teleportation based on quantum optics requires the most sensitive photon sensors in order to collect as many events as possible. The team led by Prof. Lixing You, along with colleagues of Photon Technology Co., LTD, provided high-performance superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors for the experiment. Benefiting from the detectors with excellent efficiency and almost no noise, high-efficiency BSM and quantum state analysis were achieved.

Promising Results and Future Applications

The team employed both quantum state tomography and decoy-state methods to calculate the teleportation fidelities, which were well above the classical limit (66.7%), confirming that high-speed metropolitan quantum teleportation has been achieved.

The “No. 1 Metropolitan Quantum Internet of UESTC” is expected to develop a “high speed, high fidelity, multi-users, long-distance” quantum internet infrastructure in the future by combining integrated quantum light sources, quantum repeaters, and quantum information nodes. The team also forecasts that this infrastructure will further promote the practical application of quantum internet.

Reference: “Hertz-rate metropolitan quantum teleportation” by Si Shen, Chenzhi Yuan, Zichang Zhang, Hao Yu, Ruiming Zhang, Chuanrong Yang, Hao Li, Zhen Wang, You Wang, Guangwei Deng, Haizhi Song, Lixing You, Yunru Fan, Guangcan Guo and Qiang Zhou, 10 May 2023, Light: Science & Applications.
DOI: 10.1038/s41377-023-01158-7

The study was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Innovation Program for Quantum Science and Technology, and the Sichuan Science and Technology Program. 

11 Comments on "Quantum Breakthrough: Record-Breaking Quantum Teleportation Achieved Over Metropolitan Range"

  1. Great job!!

  2. This is what Israel does with your “poor poor us” funding. They manufactured covid thru the Chinese.

  3. Bob,

    You’re an antisemite. You state a claim with no proof. If you believe that, then you should believe that the Jewish space lasers will get you.

  4. what the hell kind of claim is that without posting proof of tbis bullspit. Heres a random fact ya’ll isreal always has ben and always will be our alie untill the antichrist is reserected which i predicting to happen 3.5 years from when the current war with isreal and hamas is ended with a peace treaty.the same man that will negotiate this treaty will be mortaly struck in the eye then he will reserect 3days later and wage war on isreal

    • I’ll bet you my entire net worth plus all future income that you’re wrong about your future predictions.

    • Kevin, what the hell is even that kind of statement without posting proof of your bs? You included ZERO citations! I can’t check the validity of your sources if you don’t give them any credit. The only info I can halfway verify is what I found on the man who will lose his life through his eye. Here’s a random fact, the time you posted 10-22-2023 12:28 == 2+2+2=6, 0+2+3+1=6, 10+12-28=6

  5. How can anyone browse the internet without an ad blocker? I see zero ads.

  6. Good Godz,my IQ dropped 5 percent just reading what you people wrote. If you must comment at least use spell check.

  7. They did this same process with God’s stuff and I’m really surprised I’m reading this. I’m. Fully acknowledged but confused why I am the only one it seems. I feel like everyone is in the stupor because they reversed and went back before day 1 and the dead are taking over the ones that chose life. But it won’t last long because the dead can’t keep the heart alive.

  8. They marked God’s house with the beast!!! Corona virus = they copied the future and erased what they did and applied it to the first.. when it overlayed is thr proof that they cut. You have to go and study the satalites… Corona … City in California… corona just like the beer came from the word Sol… just like day 1 in the bible. So 1st day when he separated the dark from the light … The acknowledged from the unacknowledged.. and (So), it was Good on Day (1).. like. So-u-1 or SOi1. So-Le on the bottom of our feet. Get under me Satan.. aka footstool! A little insight for the unacknowledged

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