Scientists Have Created Bio-Printed “Patches” That Can Mend Broken Hearts

Broken Heart Bio Patches

The new technology creates personalised ‘bio-inks’ which are used to 3D-print cardiac tissues to repair areas of dead tissue caused by heart attacks. Credit: Leo Herson

In a landmark achievement, scientists from The University of Technology Sydney (UTS) have shown that bio-engineered heart tissues can assist patients in recovering from the harm caused by a severe heart attack, in a safe and efficient manner. The results of the study have been published in the leading academic journal, Bioprinting.

The innovative technology involves the creation of personalized ‘bio-inks’ made from a patient’s stem cells. These ‘bio-inks’ are utilized in the 3D-printing of cardiac tissues to repair the dead tissue caused by heart attacks.

“Thanks to our study we have a better understanding of how bioengineered heart tissues work in the body after their transplantation,” said Dr. Carmine Gentile, head of the Cardiovascular Regeneration Group at UTS.

“Our study demonstrated that bio-engineered patches were the best and most robust treatment of heart failure – patches generated with other approaches either did not induce any improvement or the improvement was inconsistent. Our bio-engineered patches promise to be safer, more consistent, and cost-effective for the patient.”

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. In Australia, it accounts for about one in four deaths – claiming a life every 12 minutes.

Heart failure is a frequent complication of heart disease, with inadequate blood supply resulting in the death of heart tissue in an affected area. Life-long drug therapy may be required as a result, and end-stage heart failure means some patients join the waiting list for a heart transplant.

“Because this technology will enable patients to use their own stem cells to create the heart ‘patches’, not only can they potentially dramatically reduce the trauma and cost of a heart transplant, but also avoid hurdles such as a body rejecting donor tissues,” said Dr. Gentile.

Further testing for the long-term effects of this technology is underway before starting clinical trials.

Heart Research Australia, a key funding partner of the research, commended the advances made by Dr. Gentile and his research team in striving to improve the devastating statistics surrounding heart disease.

“It’s wonderful to hear that this research partnership has proven to be successful and is now able to progress to the next stage. We are excited about the potential of this technology to help the hundreds of thousands of people affected by heart failure each year,” said Nicci Dent, CEO of Heart Research Australia.

Reference: “3D bioprinted alginate-gelatin hydrogel patches containing cardiac spheroids recover heart function in a mouse model of myocardial infarction” by Christopher D. Roche, Haiyan Lin, Yizhou Huang, Charles E. de Bock, Dominik Beck, Meilang Xue and Carmine Gentile, 18 February 2023, Bioprinting.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bprint.2023.e00263

The study was funded by Heart Research Australia and Le Gros Legacy Fund New Zealand.

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