Antibodies News

Antibodies are specialized Y-shaped proteins produced by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects like bacteria, viruses, and toxins. These proteins are part of the adaptive immune response and are generated by B cells. Each antibody has a unique region at the tips of its “Y” that specifically binds to a unique molecular structure on the pathogen, known as an antigen. This binding helps to immobilize the antigen and mark it for destruction by other immune cells. Antibodies also facilitate a variety of immune responses, including the activation of complement proteins that lead to the destruction of pathogens. Their ability to precisely target specific pathogens makes antibodies essential tools in medical research, diagnostics, and treatments, particularly in the development of vaccines and therapeutic agents for diseases such as cancer and autoimmune disorders.