Zero Gravity Genius: ISS Marks 25 Years With Cutting-Edge Health Research

Sun’s Glint Beams on the South Atlantic Ocean From ISS

The sun’s glint beams in between a cloudy stretch of the south Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Argentina. Credit: NASA

Research to promote health and advance manufacturing were the top science activities aboard the International Space Station (ISS) on Tuesday, December 5. The Expedition 70 crew will also commemorate 25 years since the first two station modules were connected on orbit.

Neurodegenerative Research in Space

NASA Flight Engineer Jasmin Moghbeli began her day in the Kibo laboratory module working on the Cerebral Aging study that is exploring neurodegenerative processes. She processed brain cell-like samples inside Kibo’s Life Science Glovebox to understand the effects of microgravity at a molecular and cellular level. Results may advance research techniques, reduce drug development costs, and improve health on Earth and in space.

Caldera of Nemrut From ISS

In the caldera of Nemrut, a dormant volcano in Turkey, is Lake Nemrut. Fed by hot springs, the freshwater lake sits at an elevation of roughly 7,300 feet (~2,200 meters). Near the bottom of the image is the alkaline Lake Van, the largest in the country. The International Space Station orbited 260 miles above as this photograph was taken. Credit: NASA

International Collaboration and Robotics

Moghbeli later joined astronaut Satoshi Furukawa on Wednesday afternoon transferring cargo in and out of the SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft. Furukawa from JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) finalized his day checking the performance of a spherical robot camera that can operate remotely or autonomously inside Kibo.

Fiber Optics and Laboratory Maintenance

Commander Andreas Mogensen worked in the Destiny laboratory module on fiber optics research installing experiment hardware in the Microgravity Science Glovebox. The advanced physics study may benefit Earth and space-based applications such as laser surgery, remote-sensing, atmospheric monitoring, and optical data communications. Mogensen from ESA (European Space Agency) wrapped up his day cleaning orbital plumbing hardware.

Astronaut Andreas Mogensen Poses Wearing Santa Claus Hat

ESA (European Space Agency) astronaut and Expedition 70 Commander Andreas Mogensen gets ready for the Christmas season and poses for a fun portrait wearing a Santa Claus hat. Credit: NASA

Life Science Experiments and Space Botany

NASA Flight Engineer Loral O’Hara from NASA began her day inside the Columbus laboratory module removing electronic components from life science hardware. Afterward, she spent the rest of the day inside Kibo supporting more space biology work.

In the orbital outpost’s Roscosmos segment, veteran cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko serviced a carbon dioxide removal device and then repositioned eggs in an incubator for a new biology experiment. Flight Engineer Nikolai Chub worked on cargo and water transfers from the newly docked Progress 86 cargo craft. Flight Engineer Konstantin Borisov worked on an oxygen generator, cleaned ventilation systems, and then watered and photographed plants growing for a Roscosmos space botany study.

Commemorating a Milestone in Space

At 12:25 p.m. EST on Wednesday, all seven space station crew members will gather in the Harmony module for a live television conference commemorating 25 years of space station assembly. The orbital septet will receive a call from NASA Associate Administrator Bob Cabana and International Space Station Program Manager Joel Montalbano discussing the station’s evolution and its impact on Earth and space industries. Cabana commanded the space shuttle Endeavour during the STS-88 mission on December 6, 1998, when the Zarya and Unity modules were mated. The shuttle’s Canadarm robotic arm grappled Zarya and mated it to Unity stowed in Endeavour’s payload bay.

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