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Neuroscientists Reverse Emotional Association of Specific Memories

August 28, 2014

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Neuroscientists Reverse Emotional Association of Memories

Neuroscientists from MIT have identified the brain circuit that controls how memories become linked with positive or negative emotions, revealing that they could reverse the emotional association of specific memories by manipulating brain cells with optogenetics. Most memories have some kind of emotion associated with them: Recalling the week you just spent at the beach […]

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Neuroscientists Improve Touch Sensitivity in Mice

August 27, 2014

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Neuroscientists Improve Touch Sensitivity in Mice

Neuroscientists from Brown University show that faint sensations can be made more vivid by triggering a brain rhythm that appears to shift sensory attention in mice. This newly published study provides the first direct evidence that the brain’s “gamma” rhythms have a causal role in processing the sense of touch. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) […]

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A New Treatment Approach for Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

August 26, 2014

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Potential Therapy for Charcot Marie Tooth Disease

A team of scientists from the Department of Neurogenetics at the Max Planck Institute and University Medical Center Göttingen has discovered a new treatment approach for the hereditary neurological disorder Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A is the most common inherited disease affecting the peripheral nervous system. Researchers from the Department of Neurogenetics […]

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Transparent Luminescent Solar Concentrator Creates Solar Energy Without Blocking the View

August 20, 2014

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MSU Develops New Type of Transparent Solar Concentrator

By using small organic molecules that absorb specific nonvisible wavelengths of sunlight, researchers at Michigan State University have developed a transparent luminescent solar concentrator that can create solar energy without blocking the view. A team of researchers at Michigan State University has developed a new type of solar concentrator that when placed over a window […]

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New Questions About the Evolution of Dinosaurs in North America

August 19, 2014

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New Evidence Raises Questions About When Dinosaurs Evolved in North America

Scientists at MIT precisely dated the rocks in which the earliest dinosaur fossils were discovered in the southwestern United States, raising questions about when dinosaurs evolved in North America. The Jurassic and Cretaceous periods were the golden age of dinosaurs, during which the prehistoric giants roamed the Earth for nearly 135 million years. Paleontologists have […]

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Materials Scientists Turn Metal Into Glass

August 13, 2014

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Engineers Form Monatomic Metallic Glasses

In a newly published study, University of Pittsburgh researchers report an experimental approach to the formation of monatomic metallic glasses through ultrafast liquid quenching. Materials scientists have long sought to form glass from pure, monoatomic metals. Scott X. Mao and colleagues did it. Their paper, “Formation of Monoatomic Metallic Glasses Through Ultrafast Liquid Quenching,” was […]

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Controlled Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

August 8, 2014

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Researchers Grow Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes

A new study details how researchers from the Max Planck Institute and EMPA succeeded in “growing” single-wall carbon nanotubes with a single predefined structure for the first time. For the first time, researchers at EMPA and the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research have succeeded in “growing” single-wall carbon nanotubes (CNT) with a single […]

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Magnetic Stimulation Shifts Abnormal Neural Connections Towards Their Correct Locations

August 7, 2014

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Reprogramming Your Brain to Work Better

A newly published study demonstrated that weak sequential electromagnetic pulses on mice can shift abnormal neural connections towards their correct locations in the brain. Researchers from The University of Western Australia have shown that electromagnetic stimulation can alter brain organisation which may make your brain work better. In results from a study published today in […]

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Engineers Develop Surfaces That Can Actively Control How Fluids or Particles Move

August 1, 2014

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MIT Develops Treated Surfaces That Can Actively Control How Fluids Move

Using a microtextured surface, with bumps or ridges just a few micrometers across, engineers have developed a new way of making surfaces that can actively control how fluids or particles move across them. Researchers at MIT and in Saudi Arabia have developed a new way of making surfaces that can actively control how fluids or […]

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Supercomputer Simulations Open the Door for Numerical Modeling of Nuclear Interactions

July 25, 2014

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First Supercomputer Simulations of Spin Orbit Forces between Neutrons and Protons in an Atomic Nucleus

Researchers from RIKEN detail the first supercomputer simulations of ‘spin–orbit’ forces between neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus, opening the door for numerical modeling of nuclear interactions. Protons and neutrons are held together at the center of an atom by powerful nuclear forces. A theory that can describe the interaction between just two of […]

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Scientists Demonstrate a Photonic Router for the First Time

July 15, 2014

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Researchers Demonstrate a Photonic Router for the First Time

Scientists from the Weizmann Institute of Science have taken another step forward toward building quantum computers, demonstrating a photonic router for the first time. Weizmann Institute scientists have demonstrated for the first time a photonic router – a quantum device based on a single atom that enables routing of single photons by single photons. This […]

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Researchers Demonstrate the Scalability of Quantum Dot Architectures

July 11, 2014

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New Research Could Form the Basis for Future Scalable Quantum Computers

New research from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science reveals how arrays of electrons trapped in nanoscale circuitry could form the basis for future scalable quantum computers. A single electron trapped in a semiconductor nanostructure can form the most basic of building blocks for a quantum computer. Before practical quantum computers can be realized, […]

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