November 19, 2013

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Researchers Create World’s Largest Quantum Cluster

Researchers Create Worlds Largest Quantum Cluster

In a newly published study, researchers detail the experimental generation and full characterization of an ultra-large-scale entangled state containing more than 10,000 entangled modes, which is an improvement by 3 orders of magnitude over the largest entangled states created to date. ANU PhD student Seiji Armstrong has made a quantum leap towards next-generation computing. Working […]

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November 19, 2013

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Researchers Generate Kidney Structures from Human Stem Cells

Scientists Grow Kidney Structures from Human Stem Cells

Researchers from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have generated three-dimensional kidney structures from human stem cells, opening new avenues for the future application of regenerative medicine strategies. La Jolla, California — Diseases affecting the kidneys represent a major and unsolved health issue worldwide. The kidneys rarely recover function once they are damaged by disease, […]

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November 19, 2013

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The Latest Hubblecast Video: What has Hubble Learned from Star Clusters?

Hubble Views Messier 15

The latest Hubblecast video details how the Hubble Space Telescope has studied and imaged amazing objects like globular cluster Messier 15. Hubblecast 69: What has Hubble learned from star clusters? The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has observed many star clusters. As well as being scientifically interesting, these clusters produce stunning images, appearing like sparkling baubles […]

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November 19, 2013

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New Hubble Image of One of the Oldest Known Globular Clusters

New Hubble Image of Globular Cluster Messier 15

This newly released Hubble image shows star cluster Messier 15, which is one of the oldest known globular clusters and is located roughly 35,000 light-years away. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has captured the best ever image of the globular cluster Messier 15, a gathering of very old stars that orbits the center of the […]

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November 19, 2013

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New Cassini Image of Saturn and Its Rings

New Cassini Image of Saturn and Its Rings

Using a spectral filter sensitive to wavelengths of near-infrared light centered at 728 nanometers, this newly released image of Saturn and its rings was taken by the Cassini spacecraft this past August. To the Cassini spacecraft’s infrared eyes, Saturn’s graceful clouds sometimes take on the appearance of an impressionist’s painting of the giant planet. This […]

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November 19, 2013

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Researchers Simulate the Formation of Massive Stars from Turbulent Molecular Clouds

Researchers Simulate the Formation of Massive Stars from Turbulent Molecular Clouds

Using the Pleiades supercomputer at the NASA Advanced Supercomputing (NAS) facility, researchers perform large-scale supercomputing simulations of massive stars forming from the collapse of giant, turbulent molecular clouds. In their quest to understand the origins of stars and galaxies in our universe, astrophysicists use supercomputers to model extremely complex phenomena on an immense scale. Massive […]

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November 18, 2013

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New Algorithm Allows Astronomers to Track the Process of Star Formation in the Early Universe

New Computational Algorithm Can Follow Star Formation

Astronomers have developed a new computational algorithm that allows them to follow the star formation process down to the very small scales, tracking development of filamentary substructures and secondary clumps as wide as only a few tens of astronomical units. The first stars in the Universe are believed to have formed only a few hundred […]

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November 18, 2013

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Researchers Grow Large Graphene Crystals with Exceptional Electrical Properties

Researchers Grow Graphene Crystals with Exceptional Electrical Properties

By providing oxygen at the right surface concentration, researchers from the University of Texas at Austin were able to grow graphene crystals that were about 10,000 times as large as the largest crystals from only four years ago. Austin, Texas — When it comes to the growth of graphene — an ultrathin, ultrastrong, all-carbon material […]

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November 18, 2013

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Scientists Show That Atoms Can Work Collectively to Share Light

Scientists Show that Atoms Can Work Collectively

In a newly published study, scientists showed “photon-mediated interaction” between artificial atoms confined to a one-dimensional quantum system. An international team of scientists has shown for the first time that atoms can work collectively rather than independently of each other to share light. Quantum physicists have long discussed such an effect, but it has not […]

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November 18, 2013

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3D Viewer Offers a New Look at Cassiopeia A

3D Model of the Cassiopeia A Supernova Remnant

Using data from Chandra, NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, and ground-based facilities, scientists have created new three-dimensional (3D) viewer that will allow users to see the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant like never before. One of the most famous objects in the sky – the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant – will be on display like never before, […]

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November 15, 2013

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Researchers Smash Room-Temperature Quantum Bit Storage Record

Researchers Smash Quantum State World Record

In a newly published study, an international team of researchers detail how they used an ensemble of phosphorous-31 donors in isotopically purified silicon-28 to demonstrate room temperature quantum bit storage lasting 39 minutes. A normally fragile quantum state has been shown to survive at room temperature for a world record 39 minutes, overcoming a key […]

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November 15, 2013

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New Data Reveals Two Galaxies Masquerading as One

New Data Reveals Two Galaxies Masquerading as One

New detailed radio data has revealed that what scientists thought was spiral galaxy UGC 10288 is actual two galaxies, one lying behind the other. What might look like a colossal jet shooting away from a galaxy turns out to be an illusion. New data from the National Science Foundation’s Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array […]

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November 15, 2013

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How Milky Way-Like Galaxies Have Evolved Over Time

How Milky Way Like Galaxies Have Evolved

A composite image from Hubble and Sloan Digital Sky Survey data reveals how Milky Way-like galaxies have evolved over time. This composite image shows examples of galaxies similar to our Milky Way at various stages of construction over a time span of 11 billion years. The galaxies are arranged according to time. Those on the […]

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November 15, 2013

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Hubble Reveals the First Visual Evidence of Changes in the Milky Way

Hubble Reveals the First Visual Evidence of How the Milky Way Has Evolved

Using data from the Hubble Space Telescope, a newly published study reveals the first visual evidence of how the Milky Way has evolved over the last 11 billion years. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has revealed the first visual evidence of how our home galaxy, the Milky Way, assembled itself into the majestic pinwheel of stars […]

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November 14, 2013

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Scientists Stabilize the Magnetic Moment of Single Holmium Atoms

Researchers Stabilize the Magnetic Moment of Single Holmium Atoms

Researchers from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have made a big step towards a single-atom bit, showing that the magnetic moments of single holmium atoms on a highly conductive metallic substrate can reach lifetimes of the order of minutes. One atom equals one bit: According to this design principle, we would like to construct magnetic data […]

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November 14, 2013

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Study Shows Root of Birth Defects Grounded in Early Embryonic Development

A Key Insight into the Biology of Embryonic Development

In a newly published study, Yale researchers detail a genetic mutation associated with congenital heart disease that disrupts a key signaling mechanism and leads to a form of heart defect associated with misalignment of major organs. The search for the cause of devastating birth defects has led Yale School of Medicine researchers to a key […]

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November 14, 2013

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Contents of Mysterious Black Hole Jets Revealed

Researchers Reveal Contents of Black Hole Jets

Using data from the XMM-Newton satellite and CSIRO’s Australia Telescope Compact Array, astronomers reveal the contents of mysterious black hole jets. An international team of astronomers has answered a long standing question about the enigmatic jets emitted by black holes, in research published today in prestigious journal Nature. Jets are narrow beams of matter spat […]

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November 14, 2013

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New ScienceCast Video Explores the Mystery of Mars

MAVEN Orbiter Set to Explore Mars

As scientists ready for the launch of the MAVEN orbiter, a newly released ScienceCast video ponders the question, What Happened to Mars? Billions of years ago when the planets of our solar system were still young, Mars was a very different world. Liquid water flowed in long rivers that emptied into lakes and shallow seas. […]

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