November 27, 2012

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LHC Collisions May Have Yielded a New Type of Matter

data from the Large Hadron Collider suggest the collisions may be producing a new type of matter

A team of scientists working at the Large Hadron Collider found that in a sample of 2 million lead-proton collisions, some pairs of particles flew away from each other with their respective directions correlated, suggesting that the collisions may have produced a new type of matter known as color-glass condensate. Collisions between protons and lead […]

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November 27, 2012

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Brain’s Reading Centers Are Culturally Universal No Matter What Language

mandarin-flash-cards

The brain scans of French and Mandarin native speakers have shown that people use the same areas in the brain for reading, no matter what language they are reading. The scientists published their findings in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Reading is connected to two neural systems, one that recognizes the […]

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November 27, 2012

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New Images of Near-Earth Asteroid 2007 PA8

near-Earth asteroid 2012 PA8

Nine new radar images were taken of asteroid 2007 PA8, a near-Earth asteroid that measures roughly 1.6 kilometers wide. 2007 PA8 passed at a distance of roughly 6.5 million kilometers, the closest since 1880, and its next flyby with Earth will be in 2488. A collage shows nine radar images of near-Earth asteroid 2007 PA8 […]

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November 26, 2012

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Diagnostic Tests Undercut Surveillance Abilities of Health Officials

spinach-infection

Some new diagnostic tests for foodborne pathogens like Salmonella, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli hinder the ability of public health officials to detect outbreaks. The problem is related to the inability to trace the contamination to its source. In the past, doctors routinely tested for potential bacterial culprits using stool samples in labs. An isolate would […]

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November 26, 2012

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Ecologists Explore Interactions of People, Buildings, Wildlife & Pollution

pollution-boston

Most cities brew up a blend of gases that covers the urban area like a dome. The top of most buildings can sit outside or inside this metropolitan atmosphere, depending on the weather. Ecologists are sampling sites around Boston in order to compare levels of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, and water vapor. Roofs are […]

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November 26, 2012

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Some People Suffer Excessive Sleepiness Due to Naturally Occurring Sedative

yawning-work

Certain people with sleep disorders continually have to battle a powerful urge to sleep through the day, even after sleeping more than 10 hours a night. Caffeine doesn’t solve their problem, and more potent prescription stimulants don’t help much either. A new study has shown that this condition could have a naturally-occurring source that works […]

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November 26, 2012

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A New Subclass of Extra-Solar Planets Discovered

three exceptionally large extra-solar planets, dubbed highly inflated Jupiters

Using the HATNet telescopes, CfA astronomers and colleagues discovered three new hot Jupiters and identified a new subclass of extra-solar planets, dubbed “highly inflated Jupiters.” There are currently 851 confirmed extra-solar planets. Of these, 289 were detected because their orbits (as seen from Earth) take them across the face of their host star, dimming the […]

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November 26, 2012

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Cyber-Attacks Could Be Thwarted By CPU Symbiotes

printer-graveyard

Targets for hackers are becoming more widespread. The chips running car engines, routers that form the Internet’s backbone, power plants, and rail lines are all at risk because they can link to computers. Computer scientists are now devising guardians called symbiotes, which could run on embedded computers regardless of the operating system. This could help […]

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November 26, 2012

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Geometry of “Super Atoms” May Play a Role in Future Quantum Computer Design

A pentagon of super atoms

Scientists investigating how atoms interact with one another have now gained new insights into a type of interaction that may contribute to the advancement of quantum information processing. Future computers are expected to use the laws of quantum physics to accomplish certain tasks in the blink of an eye that require decades for present-day computers. […]

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November 26, 2012

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Cases of New Coronavirus Announced By WHO

sars-coronavirus-cdc

The World Health Organization announced four new cases of the novel coronavirus that caused a great deal of worry just before the October hajj season. There have been four additional laboratory-confirmed cases. Out of these patients, one has died. Three of the new cases were in Qatar, and the other one was in Saudi Arabia. […]

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November 26, 2012

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High-Energy Physicists Set New Record for Data Transfer

high-energy-information-flow

Physicists at the California Institute of Technology have set a new record for data network data transfer speeds. The international team of high-energy physicists, computer scientists and network engineers achieved a rate of 339 gigabits per second (Gbps), which is equivalent to four million gigabytes per day, roughly doubling last year’s record. The scientists presented […]

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November 26, 2012

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Exploding Star Could Shed New Light on the Nature of Dark Energy

a connection between white dwarf stars that fail to completely detonate and a class of oddly dim supernovae

An international team of scientists has conclusively demonstrated a connection between white dwarf stars that fail to completely detonate and a class of oddly dim supernovae. Supercomputer simulations have revealed that a type of oddly dim, exploding star is probably a class of duds—one that could nonetheless throw new light on the mysterious nature of […]

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