July 22, 2015

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Study Shows Greenland’s Undercut Glaciers Melting Faster than Thought

New Research Shows Greenland’s Undercut Glaciers Melting Faster than Thought

In a newly published study, a team of researchers reveal that Greenland’s glaciers are likely melting faster than previously thought. Greenland’s glaciers flowing into the ocean are grounded deeper below sea level than previously measured, allowing intruding ocean water to badly undercut the glacier faces. That process will raise sea levels around the world much […]

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July 22, 2015

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New Horizons Spacecraft Discovers Second Mountain Range on Pluto

New Horizons Reveals Second Mountain Range on Pluto

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft has discovered a second mountain range near the southwestern margin of Pluto’s Tombaugh Regio (Tombaugh Region), situated between bright, icy plains and dark, heavily-cratered terrain. This image was acquired by New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) on July 14, 2015 from a distance of 48,000 miles (77,000 kilometers) and sent […]

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July 21, 2015

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New Horizons Views Pluto’s Smaller Moons

New Horizons Views Pluto's Smaller Moons Hydra and Nix

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft reveals new images of Pluto’s moons Hydra and Nix. Pluto has five known moons. In order of distance from Pluto they are: Charon, Styx, Nix, Kerberos, and Hydra. While Pluto’s largest moon Charon has grabbed most of the lunar spotlight, two of Pluto’s smaller and lesser-known satellites are starting to come […]

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July 21, 2015

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CryoSat Satellite Shows Increased Volume of Arctic Sea Ice

ESA Shows Volume of Arctic Sea Ice Has Increased

New measurements from ESA’s CryoSat Satellite show that the volume of Arctic sea ice increased following the unusually cool summer of 2013, suggesting that ice in the northern hemisphere is more sensitive to changes in summer melting than it is to winter cooling. Scientists at University College London (UCL) and the University of Leeds in […]

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July 21, 2015

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Researchers Discover a Group of Local, Inhibitory Interneurons in the Fruit Fly

A New Type of Neuron is Responsible for Selective Motion Vision

A team of researchers has discovered a new type of neuron is responsible for selective motion vision in fruit flies. Motion despite immobility. The illusion of self-motion is created, for example, in an IMAX cinema with the help of large-format movies. This is possible, because the brain calculates self-motion from the visual surround moving past […]

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July 21, 2015

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Hybrid Boron Nitride Nanostructures Will Keep Small Electronics Cool

White Graphene Structures Excel at Thermal Management for Electronics

Researchers from Rice University have completed the first theoretical analysis of how 3D boron nitride might be used as a tunable material to control heat flow in small electronics devices. The research by Rouzbeh Shahsavari and Navid Sakhavand appears this month in the American Chemical Society journal Applied Materials and Interfaces. In its two-dimensional form, […]

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July 21, 2015

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Yale Study Shows T Cell Lymphoma Caused by Gene Deletions

Study Shows T Cell Lymphoma Caused by Unusually Large Number of Gene Deletions

A newly published study from Yale University shows that a deadly form of T cell lymphoma is caused by an unusually large number of gene deletions, making it distinct among cancers. Researchers conducted a genomic analysis of normal and cancer cells from patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, a cancer of T-cells of the immune system […]

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July 21, 2015

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Distributed Electric Propulsion May Usher in a New Era of Flight

NASA to Usher in a New Era of Flight

NASA scientists believe distributed electric propulsion is set to usher in a new era of aviation, allowing engineers to do things that they have wanted to do for 50 years. Mark Moore imagines a world where clean, agile airplanes conquer highway gridlock, where soul-sapping, two-hour commutes are replaced with a quick leap through the sky. […]

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July 21, 2015

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Fluid Shifts Investigation to Help Advance Journey to Mars

Fluid Shifts Investigation Advances Journey to Mars

A research partnership between NASA’s Human Research Program and the Russian Space Agency is helping to prepare us for the journey to Mars. NASA and the Russian Space Agency (Roscosmos) are studying the effects of how fluids shift to the upper body in space and how this adaptation to space flight affects changes in vision. […]

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July 21, 2015

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New Technology Could Transform Solar Energy Storage

This New Technology Could Transform Solar Energy Storage

Chemists at UCLA have developed a new technology that is capable of storing solar energy for up to several weeks — an advance that could change the way scientists think about designing solar cells. The materials in most of today’s residential rooftop solar panels can store energy from the sun for only a few microseconds […]

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July 20, 2015

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A New Class of Magnetar-Powered Supernova

A Very Luminous Magnetar-Powered Supernova

ESO’s La Silla and Paranal Observatories have demonstrated for the first time a link between a very long-lasting burst of gamma rays and an unusually bright supernova explosion. The study reveals that the supernova following the burst GRB 111209A was not driven by radioactive decay, as expected, but was instead powered by the decaying super-strong […]

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July 20, 2015

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Impact of Ocean Acidification on Phytoplankton Communities

Study Reveals Ocean Acidification May Cause Dramatic Changes to Phytoplankton

A newly published study from MIT and colleagues shows that ocean acidification may cause dramatic changes to phytoplankton communities, recealing that many species may die out and others may migrate significantly as ocean acidification intensifies. Oceans have absorbed up to 30 percent of human-made carbon dioxide around the world, storing dissolved carbon for hundreds of […]

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July 20, 2015

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Yale Researchers Successfully Treat Eczema with Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug

Yale Researchers Successfully Treat Eczema with Arthritis Drug

A team of scientists at Yale University used a rheumatoid arthritis drug to successfully treated patients with moderate to severe eczema. The same rheumatoid arthritis drug (tofacitinib citrate) has recently shown to reverse two other disfiguring skin conditions, vitiligo and alopecia areata. The research findings are published early online in the Journal of the American […]

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July 20, 2015

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NASA Deep Space Climate Observatory Satellite Captures Image of Earth

Deep Space Climate Observatory Satellite Captures "EPIC" Earth Image

NASA’s Deep Space Climate Observatory Satellite has captured its first view of Earth. The image shows the entire sunlit side from one million miles away. This color image of Earth was taken by NASA’s Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC), a four megapixel CCD camera and telescope. The image was generated by combining three separate images […]

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July 20, 2015

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Latest New Horizons Portrait of Pluto and Charon

New Horizons Image of Pluto and Charon

An updated portrait of Pluto and Charon from NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft. The latest two full-frame images of Pluto and Charon were collected separately by New Horizons during approach on July 13 and July 14, 2015. The relative reflectivity, size, separation, and orientations of Pluto and Charon are approximated in this composite image, and they […]

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July 20, 2015

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Hubble Views Dwarf Galaxy NGC 1140

New Hubble Image of Dwarf Galaxy NGC 1140

This newly released Hubble image shows dwarf galaxy NGC 1140, which is located 60 million light-years away. This dramatic image shows the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope’s view of dwarf galaxy known as NGC 1140, which lies 60 million light-years away in the constellation of Eridanus. As can be seen in this image NGC 1140 has […]

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July 19, 2015

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Video of New Horizons’ Flyover of Pluto’s Icy Mountain and Plains

Animated New Horizons Flyover of Pluto’s Icy Mountain and Plains

This short NASA video uses the latest images from the New Horizons Spacecraft to provide a simulated flyover of Pluto’s Norgay Mountains and Sputnik Plain. This simulated flyover of Pluto’s Norgay Montes (Norgay Mountains) and Sputnik Planum (Sputnik Plain) was created from New Horizons closest-approach images. Norgay Montes have been informally named for Tenzing Norgay, […]

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July 18, 2015

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New Horizons Reveals a Dense Region of Atmospheric Ions Behind Pluto

NASA's New Horizons Discovers Atmospheric Ions Behind Pluto

NASA’s New Horizons Spacecraft has discovered a region of cold, dense ionized gas tens of thousands of miles beyond Pluto – the planet’s atmosphere being stripped away by the solar wind and lost to space. Beginning an hour and half after closest approach, the Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument observed a cavity in the […]

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