November 11, 2016

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Get Ready for the November Supermoon

November Supermoon

Don’t miss the upcoming supermoon on Monday, November 14. It will be the closest full moon to Earth since 1948 and we won’t see another supermoon like this until 2034. The moon’s orbit around Earth is slightly elliptical so sometimes it is closer and sometimes it’s farther away. When the moon is full as it […]

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November 10, 2016

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Astronomers Explain Mysterious Dimming of Markarian 1018

Markarian 1018 Black Hole Dims Brilliant Galaxy

By combining data from Chandra, VLT and several other telescopes, astronomers reveal that the dimming of Markarian 1018 arises from the black hole at the center being deprived of enough fuel to illuminate its surroundings. Astronomers may have solved the mystery of the peculiar volatile behavior of a supermassive black hole at the center of […]

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November 10, 2016

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Spitzer and Swift Observe Microlensing Event, Pinpoint Brown Dwarf

NASA Pinpoints Elusive Brown Dwarf

Using NASA’s Spitzer and Swift Space Telescopes, astronomers discovered a brown dwarf when it and its star passed between Earth and a much more distant star in our galaxy. This passing created a microlensing event, where the gravity of the system amplified the light of the background star over the course of several weeks. In […]

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November 9, 2016

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Particles Exhibit Their Quantum Nature Close to Absolute Zero

Sensing the Quantum Limit in Scanning Tunnelling Spectroscopy

A newly published study from the Max Planck Institute reveals what would happen if an electric current no longer flowed, but trickled instead. What would happen if an electric current no longer flowed, but trickled instead? This was the question investigated by researchers working with Christian Ast at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State […]

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November 9, 2016

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ESO Views Protoplanetary Discs Being Shaped by Newborn Planets

ESO’s SPHERE Instrument Reveals Protoplanetary Discs Being Shaped by Newborn Planets

Using data from the SPHERE instrument mounted on ESO’s Very Large Telescope, astronomers reveal protoplanetary discs being shaped by newborn planets. Sharp new observations have revealed striking features in planet-forming discs around young stars. The SPHERE instrument, mounted on ESO’s Very Large Telescope, has made it possible to observe the complex dynamics of young solar […]

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November 9, 2016

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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Views Wind Carved Rock on Mars

New Image of Wind Carved Rock on Mars

This newly released NASA image shows wind carved rock on the surface of Mars. The distinctively fluted surface and elongated hills in this image in Medusae Fossae on Mars are caused by wind erosion of a soft fine-grained rock. Called yardangs, these features are aligned with the prevailing wind direction. This wind direction would have […]

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November 8, 2016

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Researchers Find Antibody That ‘Neutralizes’ Zika Virus

Study Finds Antibody That ‘Neutralizes’ Zika Virus

A team of researchers has isolated a human monoclonal antibody that in a mouse model “markedly reduced” infection by the Zika virus. The antibody, called ZIKV-117, also protected the fetus in pregnant mice infected with the virus, the researchers reported today in the journal Nature. Zika is believed to cause microcephaly, unusually small heads, and […]

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November 8, 2016

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Study Shows A Widespread Disruption of Brain Activity During Absence Seizures

Disruptions of Brain Activity in Absence Seizures

New research from Yale University shows that the entire brain is disrupted for 10 seconds or more at a time in absence seizures. Scientists believed that absence seizures — the brief loss of consciousness often mistaken for day-dreaming — was caused by a localized disruption of brain activity. A new Yale study finds the entire […]

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November 8, 2016

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Researchers Develop a New Approach Against Pathogens

Researchers Develop a New Approach Against Salmonella and Other Pathogens

A newly developed immunization strategy may someday offer an alternative to antibiotics against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract. Researchers from MIT and the University of California at Irvine have developed a new strategy to immunize against microbes that invade the gastrointestinal tract, including Salmonella, which causes more foodborne illness in the United States than […]

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November 7, 2016

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NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft Measures a Day on Saturn

Cassini Begins Epic Final Year at Saturn

Measuring the exact length of a Saturn day is turning out to be a bigger challenge than originally thought. Over more than a decade in Saturn orbit, Cassini’s instruments have wrestled with confusing measurements to determine the planet’s precise rotation rate. The mission’s final year and unprecedented trajectory will carry Cassini to unexplored regions so […]

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November 7, 2016

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Scientists Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

Researchers Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

New research on leptospirosis sheds light on how the disease causes death and reveals a potentially novel treatment. While rare in the United States, leptospirosis remains an important health threat for impoverished populations in developing countries, causing more than one million illnesses and 60,000 deaths annually. The reasons why leptospirosis causes life-threatening manifestations, such as […]

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November 7, 2016

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Astronomers Study the Pulsar Wind Nebula Created by PSR B0355+54

Pulsar Wind Nebulae

A team of astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics has modeled the detailed shape of the pulsar wind nebula created by PSR B0355+54. Neutron stars are the detritus of supernova explosions, with masses between one and several suns and diameters only tens of kilometers across. A pulsar is a spinning neutron star with a […]

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November 7, 2016

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Hubble Views Lenticular Galaxy NGC 1222

Hubble Image of the Week NGC 1222

This newly released Hubble image shows lenticular galaxy NGC 1222, which is located 100 milion light-years away. NGC 1222, seen in this image taken with the Wide Field Camera 3 on board the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope (HST), is a galaxy with a rather eventful story to tell. NGC 1222 has been described as a […]

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November 3, 2016

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Astronomers Discover a”Nearly Naked” Supermassive Black Hole

Researchers Discover a Nearly Naked Supermassive Black Hole

Using the Very Long Baseline Array a team of astronomers has discovered the shredded remains of a galaxy that passed through a larger galaxy, leaving only the smaller galaxy’s nearly-naked supermassive black hole to emerge and speed away at more than 2,000 miles per second. The galaxies are part of a cluster of galaxies more […]

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November 3, 2016

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MIT Develops Nanobionic Plants That Can Detect Explosives

Nanobionic Plants Can Detect Explosives

By embedding spinach leaves with carbon nanotubes, engineers transformed spinach plants into sensors that can detect explosives and wirelessly relay that information to a handheld device similar to a smartphone. Spinach is no longer just a superfood: By embedding leaves with carbon nanotubes, MIT engineers have transformed spinach plants into sensors that can detect explosives […]

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November 3, 2016

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New “Morphing” Wing Could Enable More Efficient Plane Flight

Morphing Wing Could Enable More Efficient Plane Manufacturing and Flight

Engineers at MIT and NASA have developed a new kind of bendable, “morphing” wing that could enable more efficient plane manufacturing and flight. When the Wright brothers accomplished their first powered flight more than a century ago, they controlled the motion of their Flyer 1 aircraft using wires and pulleys that bent and twisted the […]

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November 2, 2016

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MIT Engineers Design a New Weapon Against Bacteria

Engineers Design a New Weapon Against Bacteria

An international team of engineers has developed an antimicrobial peptide that can destroy many types of bacteria, including some that are resistant to most antibiotics. Over the past few decades, many bacteria have become resistant to existing antibiotics, and few new drugs have emerged. A recent study from a U.K. commission on antimicrobial resistance estimated […]

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November 2, 2016

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New Observations of the Vast Pillar-Like Structures within the Carina Nebula

New-Pillars-of-Destruction-Images

Using the MUSE instrument on ESO’s Very Large Telescope, astronomers reveal new observations of vast pillar-like structures within the Carina Nebula. The different pillars analyzed by an international team seem to be pillars of destruction — in contrast to the name of the iconic Pillars of Creation in the Eagle Nebula, which are of similar […]

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