January 25, 2016

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NASA Takes a Closer Look at Planet Nine

Astronomers Reveal Evidence of Distant Gas Giant Planet in Our Solar System

What is Planet 9? NASA scientists take a closer look at the newly discovered evidence from Caltech. Caltech researchers have found evidence suggesting there may be a “Planet X” deep in the solar system. This hypothetical Neptune-sized planet orbits our sun in a highly elongated orbit far beyond Pluto. The object, which the researchers have […]

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January 25, 2016

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Cassini Spacecraft Captures a Half-Lit View of Enceladus

Cassini Captures a Half-Lit View of Enceladus

NASA’s Cassini Spacecraft delivers another great image of Enceladus. This half-lit view of Enceladus bears a passing resemblance to similar views of Earth’s own natural satellite, but the similarities end there. Earth’s rocky moon is covered in dark, volcanic basins and brighter, mountainous highlands — both exceedingly ancient. The surface of icy Enceladus is uniformly […]

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January 25, 2016

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Star Cluster Trumpler 14 Displays Some of the Most Luminous Stars in Our Galaxy

Star Cluster Trumpler 14

This Hubble image features star cluster Trumpler 14 – one of the largest gatherings of hot, massive and bright stars in the Milky Way. Single stars are often overlooked in favor of their larger cosmic cousins — but when they join forces, they create truly breathtaking scenes to rival even the most glowing of nebulae […]

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January 25, 2016

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Hubble Image of the Week – Misbehaving Spiral Galaxy LO95 0313-192

Hubble Views Galaxy LO95 0313-192

This newly released Hubble image shows spiral galaxy LO95 0313-192, which is locate roughly one billion light-years away. Despite its unassuming appearance, the edge-on spiral galaxy captured in the left half of this NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image is actually quite remarkable. Located about one billion light-years away in the constellation of Eridanus, this striking […]

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January 22, 2016

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Yale Engineers Devise Quantum Technology On A Chip

Quantum Interference in Heterogeneous Superconducting-Photonic Circuits on a Silicon Chip

Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science have devised a process of nanofabrication to create a silicon chip that contains all the components needed for a quantum information processor. The potential benefits of quantum technology are huge. Theoretically, it can complete in seconds certain tasks – like simulations of complex chemical processes […]

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January 22, 2016

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Astronomers Discover a Giant Exoplanet and Four New Companion Stars

The Pan-Pacific Planet Search III Five Companions Orbiting Giant Stars

Using a new systematic radial velocity search for brown dwarf and stellar-mass companions to stars, astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have discovered one new giant exoplanet and four new companion stars. The search for exoplanets via the radial velocity technique has been underway for nearly 30 years. The method searches for wobbles in […]

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January 22, 2016

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Curiosity Rover Continues to Gather Martian Soil Samples

Rover Curiosity Tastes Scooped, Sieved Sand

NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover continues its campaign to study active sand dune on Mars, scooping and analyzing samples. At its current location for inspecting an active sand dune, NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover is adding some sample-processing moves not previously used on Mars. Sand from the second and third samples the rover is scooping from “Namib […]

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January 21, 2016

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Planet Nine – Astronomers Find Evidence of a Real Ninth Planet in Our Solar System

Astronomers Reveal Evidence of Distant Gas Giant Planet in Our Solar System

Scientists at the California Institute of Technology have discovered evidence of a giant planet tracing a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The newly discovered object, which the researchers have nicknamed Planet Nine, has a mass about 10 times that of Earth and orbits about 20 times farther from the sun on […]

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January 21, 2016

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New Research May Solve Longstanding Fusion Reactor Mystery

MIT Experiments Reveal Two Forms of Turbulence Interacting

New research from MIT shows two types of turbulence within plasma that cause significant heat loss. Solving this problem could take the world a step closer to fusion power which has the promise of limitless and relatively clean energy. One of the biggest obstacles to making fusion power practical — and realizing its promise of […]

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January 21, 2016

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Graphene Oxide Layers Deform Evenly Under Gentle Strain

New Graphene Oxide Paper Changes with Strain

New research from Rice University reveals that graphene oxide layers deform evenly under gentle strain and that the mechanical properties of the material change depending on the rate of strain. The same slip-and-stick mechanism that leads to earthquakes is at work on the molecular level in nanoscale materials, where it determines the shear plasticity of […]

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January 21, 2016

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New ISS Image of the Pacific Northwest and an Aurora

International Space Station Image of Aurora and the Pacific Northwest

This new image is from astronauts aboard the International Space Station shows an aurora and the Pacific Northwest. NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and ESA astronaut Tim Peake shared a series of aurora photographs taken from the International Space Station on January 20, 2016. Kelly (@StationCDRKelly) wrote, “#goodmorning #aurora and the Pacific Northwest! #YearInSpace” and Peake […]

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January 20, 2016

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Voltage-Controlled Switchable Material Could Enable New Memory Chips

Switchable Material Could Enable New Memory Chip Design

A new thin-film material whose phase and electrical properties can be switched between metallic and semiconducting could lead to new memory chip designs. Two MIT researchers have developed a thin-film material whose phase and electrical properties can be switched between metallic and semiconducting simply by applying a small voltage. The material then stays in its […]

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January 20, 2016

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New Yale Study Links Childbearing to Accelerated Aging

New Yale Study Links Childbearing to Accelerated Aging

New research from Yale University reveals the first evidence that childbearing may cause accelerated aging in women. The researchers tested 100 healthy postmenopausal women from five rural villages in southern Poland for biomarkers associated with accelerated aging. The study, conducted in partnership with researchers from Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow and the Polish Academy […]

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January 20, 2016

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Cassini Spacecraft Image Shows the Difference between Janus and Tethys

New Cassini View of Janus and Tethys

This image from the Cassini Spacecraft demonstrates the main difference between small moons and large ones. It’s all about the moon’s shape. Moons like Tethys (660 miles or 1,062 kilometers across) are large enough that their own gravity is sufficient to overcome the material strength of the substances they are made of (mostly ice in […]

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January 20, 2016

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Independent Analyses Reveal 2015 Surface Temperatures Are the Warmest on Record

NASA Details Record-Shattering Global Warm Temperatures from 2015

&nbs According to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Earth’s 2015 surface temperatures were the warmest since modern record keeping began in 1880. Globally-averaged temperatures in 2015 shattered the previous mark set in 2014 by 0.23 degrees Fahrenheit (0.13 Celsius). Only once before, in 1998, has the new record been […]

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January 19, 2016

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Hubble at 25 Series: How Hubble Has Helped Pave the Way for Interplanetary Missions

Hubble at 25 Series Paving the Way

This new segment of the Hubble at 25 series discusses how the Hubble Space Telescope has not only given us a better understanding of our solar system, but it has also helped pave the way for interplanetary missions to be successful. By monitoring target destinations, Hubble has enabled spacecraft mission planners to optimize the science […]

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January 19, 2016

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NASA Probes Reveal the Changing Shape of the Van Allen Belts

Van Allen Probes Revolutionize View of Radiation Belts

New research from NASA’s Van Allen Probes reveals that the shape of the Van Allen Belts can vary from a single, continuous belt with no slot region, to a larger inner belt with a smaller outer belt, to no inner belt at all. About 600 miles from Earth’s surface is the first of two donut-shaped […]

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January 18, 2016

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Neuroscientists Identify a Protein That Allows Brain Cells to Dampen Their Sensitivity

Scientists Identify Protein That Allows Brain Cells to Dampen Their Sensitivity

In a newly published study, neuroscientists from MIT identify a protein that allows brain cells to dampen their sensitivity. Strengthening and weakening the connections between neurons, known as synapses, is vital to the brain’s development and everyday function. One way that neurons weaken their synapses is by swallowing up receptors on their surfaces that normally […]

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