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Pentecopterus – A Giant Sea Scorpion from the Prehistoric Seas

September 1, 2015

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Biologists Discover Giant Sea Scorpion Pentecopterus

Geologists discovered the fossils of Pentecopterus in a meteorite crater by the Upper Iowa River in northeastern Iowa. You don’t name a sea creature after an ancient Greek warship unless it’s built like a predator. That’s certainly true of the recently discovered Pentecopterus, a giant sea scorpion with the sleek features of a penteconter, one […]

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Entranced by a Transit – Cassini Views Dione as it Crosses the Face of Saturn

August 31, 2015

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Image of Saturn's Moon Dione Crossing the Face of Saturn

The Cassini Spacecraft views the moon Dione as it transits Saturn. Saturn’s moon Dione crosses the face of the giant planet in this view, a phenomenon astronomers call a transit. Transits play an important role in astronomy and can be used to study the orbits of planets and their atmospheres, both in our solar system […]

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New CERN Study Suggests Subatomic Particles Could Defy the Standard Model

August 30, 2015

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LHCb Experiment Suggests Subatomic Particles Could Defy the Standard Model

New research from physicists working at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider shows evidence of leptons acting out against time-tested predictions, suggesting that subatomic particles may defy the Standard Model. The Standard Model of particle physics, which explains most of the known behaviors and interactions of fundamental subatomic particles, has held up remarkably well over several decades. […]

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Hubble Reveals That Markarian 231 is Powered by a Double Black Hole

August 28, 2015

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Hubble RevealsThat Mrk 231 is Powered by a Double Black Hole

Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers discovered that Markarian 231 is powered by two central black holes furiously whirling about each other. Markarian 231 is the nearest galaxy to Earth that hosts a quasar, located 581 million light-years away. The finding suggests that quasars—the brilliant cores of active galaxies – may commonly […]

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Chandra Reveals the Birth of a “Radio Phoenix”

August 27, 2015

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Chandra Discovers a Radio Phoenix Abell 1033

Using X-ray, radio, and optical data, a team of astronomers has discovered a “radio phoenix” in Abell 1033. This system contains the collision of two galaxy clusters located about 1.6 billion light years from Earth. Astronomers have found evidence for a faded electron cloud “coming back to life,” much like the mythical phoenix, after two […]

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Hubble Explores the Wings of the Twin Jet Nebula

August 26, 2015

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Hubble Space Telescope Views the Twin Jet Nebula

This newly released Hubble image shows the Twin Jet Nebula, which is a striking example of a bipolar planetary nebula. Astronomers have shown that the nebula’s size increases with time, and measurements of this rate of increase suggest that the stellar outburst that formed the lobes occurred just 1200 years ago. The shimmering colors visible […]

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Berkeley Lab Uses Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

August 26, 2015

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Researchers Use Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

A team of scientists has developed a hybrid artificial photosynthesis system that produces renewable molecular hydrogen and uses it to synthesize carbon dioxide into methane. A team of researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developing a bioinorganic hybrid approach to artificial photosynthesis have achieved another milestone. Having […]

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IceCube Collaboration Confirms Cosmic Neutrino Sighting

August 25, 2015

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Evidence for Astrophysical Muon Neutrinos

Using data from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, scientists have confirmed the existence of astrophysical neutrinos from our galaxy as well as cosmic neutrinos from sources outside the Milky Way. Researchers using the IceCube Neutrino Observatory have sorted through the billions of subatomic particles that zip through its frozen cubic-kilometer-sized detector each year to gather powerful […]

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Calprotectin Plays a Key Role in Blocking Pathogen Survival

August 24, 2015

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Calprotectin Fends off Microbial Invaders

New research from MIT reveals the process by which human calprotectin prevents invading pathogens from obtaining iron. Invading microbial pathogens must scavenge essential nutrients from their host organism in order to survive and replicate. To defend themselves from infection, hosts attempt to block pathogens’ access to these nutrients. Now researchers at MIT have discovered the […]

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New Digital Calendar Celebrates 12th Anniversary of the Spitzer Space Telescope

August 21, 2015

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NASA Calendar Helps Celebrate the 12th Anniversary of NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope

NASA has released a new digital calendar to celebrate the 12th anniversary of the Spitzer Space Telescope. The calendar showcases some of the mission’s most notable discoveries and popular cosmic images. The digital calendar is online at: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/spitzer/20150820/Spitzer12thAnniversaryCalendar.pdf The calendar follows the life of the mission, with each month highlighting top infrared images and discoveries […]

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Gradual Accumulation Planetary Pebbles Formed Gas-Giant Planets

August 20, 2015

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Study Reveals Planetary Pebbles Were the Building Blocks for the Largest Planets

In a newly published study a team of astronomers reveals the mystery of how Jupiter and Saturn likely formed. This discovery, which changes our view of how all planets might have formed, is published in the August 20 issue of Nature. Ironically, the largest planets in the solar system likely formed first. Jupiter and Saturn, […]

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ESO Views Star Cluster IC 4651

August 19, 2015

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New Image of Star Cluster IC 4651

This colorful image from the European Southern Observatory shows an open cluster of stars known as IC 4651, a stellar grouping that lies at in the constellation of Ara. Open star clusters like the one seen here are not just perfect subjects for pretty pictures. Most stars form within clusters and these clusters can be […]

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“Proximity Magnetism” Could Be a Building Block for Quantum Computers

August 18, 2015

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MIT Physicists Observe an Unusual Magnetic Behavior

Researchers reveal an unusual magnetic behavior that could be used to probe a variety of exotic physical phenomena, and could ultimately be used to produce key components of future quantum computers. An exotic kind of magnetic behavior, driven by the mere proximity of two materials, has been analyzed by a team of researchers at MIT […]

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Solid Electrolyte Paves the Way for Rechargeable Batteries with Almost Indefinite Lifetimes

August 17, 2015

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Rechargeable Batteries with Almost Indefinite Lifetimes

Engineers from MIT and Samsung have developed an approach for a solid electrolyte that could greatly improve both battery lifetime and safety, while providing a significant boost in the amount of power stored in a given space. If you pry open one of today’s ubiquitous high-tech devices — whether a cellphone, a laptop, or an […]

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NASA Spacecraft Confirms Existence of Neon in Lunar Atmosphere

August 17, 2015

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LADEE Spacecraft Reveals Neon in Lunar Atmosphere

NASA’s Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) spacecraft has confirmed the existence of neon in the lunar atmosphere. “The presence of neon in the exosphere of the moon has been a subject of speculation since the Apollo missions, but no credible detections were made,” said Mehdi Benna of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in […]

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Astronomers Discover Jupiter-Like Planet 51 Eridani b

August 14, 2015

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Jupiter-Like Exoplanet 51 Eridani b

Using the Gemini Planet Imager, astronomers have discovered a young Jupiter-like planet that is 100 light-years away. One of the best ways to learn how our solar system evolved is to look to younger star systems in the early stages of development. Now, a team of astronomers has discovered a Jupiter-like planet within a young […]

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New Design Could Finally Help Bring Fusion Power Closer to Reality

August 13, 2015

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New Research is Helping to Bring Fusion Power Closer to Reality

Advances in magnet technology have enabled MIT scientists to propose a new design for a practical compact tokamak fusion reactor. It’s an old joke that many fusion scientists have grown tired of hearing: Practical nuclear fusion power plants are just 30 years away — and always will be. But now, finally, the joke may no […]

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GAMA Survey Reveals the Slow Death of the Universe

August 12, 2015

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GAMA Survey Reveals the Slow Death of the Universe

The Galaxy And Mass Assembly project released its first data at at the International Astronomical Union XXIX General Assembly in Hawaii, revealing that the Universe is slowly dying. An international team of astronomers studying more than 200,000 galaxies has measured the energy generated within a large portion of space more precisely than ever before. This […]

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