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New Breakthrough May Lead to Instant-Start Computers

December 19, 2014

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Instant Start Computers Made Possible

Using a room-temperature magnetoelectric memory device, engineers at Cornell University have made a breakthrough that may lead to instant-start computers. Ithaca, New York – To encode data, today’s computer memory technology uses electric currents – a major limiting factor for reliability and shrinkability, and the source of significant power consumption. If data could instead be […]

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Chandra Measures Massive Galaxy Cluster in Distant Universe

December 18, 2014

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Chandra Weighs the Most Massive Galaxy Cluster to Date

Using Chandra data, researchers were able to accurately determine the mass and other properties of the most distant massive galaxy cluster discovered to date. Officially named XDCP J0044.0-2033, the cluster is about 9.6 billion light years from Earth. A newly discovered galaxy cluster is the most massive one ever detected with an age of 800 […]

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A High-Obliquity Planet Could Be Habitable

December 17, 2014

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High Obliquity Planet Could Be Habitable

A newly published study from scientists at MIT reveals that even a high-obliquity planet with a nearly horizontal axis could potentially support life, so long as the planet were completely covered by an ocean. Nearly 2,000 planets beyond our solar system have been identified to date. Whether any of these exoplanets are hospitable to life […]

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The Interaction Between Interstellar Dust and Our Galaxy’s Magnetic Field

December 16, 2014

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Image of the Magnetic Field Along the Galactic Plane

Using data from the Planck collaboration, this newly released image portrays the interaction between interstellar dust in the Milky Way and the structure of our Galaxy’s magnetic field. While the pastel tones and fine texture of this image may bring to mind brush strokes on an artist’s canvas, they are in fact a visualization of […]

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Common Household Chemicals Linked to Lower IQ Scores in Children

December 15, 2014

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Common Household Chemicals Associated with Substantial Drop in Child IQ

A newly published study from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health reveals that exposure common household chemicals during pregnancy is linked to a drop in children’s IQ score. Children exposed during pregnancy to elevated levels of two common chemicals found in the home—di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP)—had an IQ score, on average, […]

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Astronomers Detect Pluto-Size Objects around a Sun-Like Star

December 12, 2014

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Astronomers Detect Pluto-Size Objects swarming Around an Adolescent Sun

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, astronomers from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics have detected Pluto-size objects around an adolescent Sun-like star. Cambridge, Massachusetts – Scientists used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to make detailed observations of the protoplanetary disk surrounding the star known as HD 107146, detecting an unexpected increase in the concentration […]

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Chandra Views Ultraluminous X-Ray Sources

December 11, 2014

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New Chandra Image of NGC 2207 and IC 2163

This new Chandra image shows NGC 2207 and IC 2163, which have hosted three supernova explosions in the past 15 years and have produced one of the most bountiful collections of super bright X-ray lights known. At this time of year, there are lots of gatherings often decorated with festive lights. When galaxies get together, […]

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ALMA Reveals Gas Spirals as a Nursery of Twin Stars

December 9, 2014

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ALMA Identifies Gas Spirals as a Nursery of Twin Stars

Astronomers used observations from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array to identify spiral arms of molecular gas and dust around binary protostars, revealing for the first time the mechanism of the birth and growth of binary stars. Overview With the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observation, astronomers led by Shigehisa Takakuwa, Associate Research Fellow at the […]

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Astronomers Reveal a New Feature in the Evolution of Galaxies

December 8, 2014

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Astronomers Find a New Feature in the Evolution of Galaxies

Using data from ESA’s Herschel space observatory and NASA’s Spitzer and Hubble space telescopes, astronomers have uncovered a new feature in the evolution of galaxies. Some like it hot, but for creating new stars, a cool cosmic environment is ideal. As a new study suggests, a surge of warm gas into a nearby galaxy — […]

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New Observations Confirm Variability of Young Stellar Objects

December 5, 2014

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Rho Ophiuchi

Using the Spitzer Space Telescope to monitor the variability of light from 882 previously identified young stellar objects, astronomers confirm that probably all YSOs are variable at infrared wavelengths to some degree, and moreover that the younger, more deeply embedded stars often have longer and larger intensity variations, consistent with the current disk evolution picture. […]

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Green Light for European Extremely Large Telescope Construction

December 4, 2014

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Approval to Build European Extremely Large Telescope

The green light has been given for the construction of the European Extremely Large Telescope – a 39-meter aperture optical and infrared telescope sited on Cerro Armazones in the Chilean Atacama Desert. At a recent meeting ESO’s main governing body, the Council, gave the green light [1] for the construction of the European Extremely Large […]

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Unlike People, Capuchin Monkeys Aren’t Fooled by Expensive Brands

December 3, 2014

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Monkeys Aren’t Fooled by Expensive Brands

A newly published study from Yale University shows that although Capuchin monkeys exhibit a number of irrational behaviors similar to humans, the monkeys aren’t fooled by expensive brands. In at least one respect, Capuchin monkeys are smarter than humans — they don’t assume a higher price tag means better quality, according to a new Yale […]

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NASA Prepares for Orion Flight Test and the Journey to Mars

December 2, 2014

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NASA Prepares to Send Humans to Mars

NASA scientists are developing the capabilities needed to send humans to an asteroid by 2025 and to Mars by the 2030s. In the not-too-distant future, astronauts destined to be the first people to walk on Mars will leave Earth aboard an Orion spacecraft. Carried aloft by the tremendous power of a Space Launch System rocket, […]

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Astronomers Use Ground-Based Telescope to Measure Super-Earth Transit

December 1, 2014

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Astronomers Measure Super-Earth Transit Using a Ground-Based Telescope

Using the 2.5-meter Nordic Optical Telescope, astronomers have measured transit of exoplanet 55 Cancri e – this is the first time that a super-Earth transit has been measured from a ground-based telescope. Cambridge, Massachusetts – Astronomers have measured the passing of a super-Earth in front of a bright, nearby Sun-like star using a ground-based telescope […]

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Star Cluster NGC 3532 – A Colorful Gathering of Middle-Aged Stars

November 26, 2014

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New ESO Image of Star Cluster NGC 3532

This new ESO image shows bright star cluster NGC 3532, which is located roughly 1,300 light-years away. NGC 3532 is a bright open cluster located some 1,300 light-years away in the constellation of Carina (The Keel of the ship Argo). It is informally known as the Wishing Well Cluster, as it resembles scattered silver coins […]

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