NASA’s AWE Mission Launching to Space Station To Study Atmospheric Gravity Waves via Airglow

NASA Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE)

Artist’s impression of NASA’s Atmospheric Waves Experiment (AWE) mapping the properties of global mesospheric gravity waves. By analyzing the mesopause’s airglow, AWE will advance our knowledge of atmospheric gravity waves’ impact on space weather and satellite communications. Credit: NASA

NASA’s AWE mission, set to launch to the ISS, will examine atmospheric waves and their effects on space weather through the Earth’s natural airglow, informing future satellite communication and tracking.

NASA’s Atmospheric Waves Experiment, or AWE, mission is scheduled to launch to the International Space Station (ISS) on November 9, 2023, where it will make use of a natural, ethereal glow in Earth’s sky to study waves in our planet’s atmosphere.

AWE’s Design and Objective

Built by Utah State University’s Space Dynamics Laboratory in North Logan, Utah, AWE will be mounted on the exterior of the space station. From this perch, AWE will stare down toward Earth, tracking undulations in the air known as atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs).

Primarily originating in the lowest level of the atmosphere, AGWs may be caused by strong weather events such as tornadoes, hurricanes, or even thunderstorms. These weather events can momentarily push pockets of high-density air upwards into the atmosphere before the air sinks back down. This up-and-down bobbing often leaves behind distinctive ripples patterns in the clouds.

Studying AGWs and Space Weather

AGWs extend all the way to space, where they contribute to what’s known as space weather – the tumultuous exchange of energy in the area surrounding our planet that can disrupt satellite and communications signals. AWE will measure AGWs at an atmospheric layer that begins some 54 miles (87 kilometers) in altitude, known as the mesopause.

Cloud Patterns Caused by Atmospheric Gravity Waves

This photo shows examples of cloud patterns caused by atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs). Warmer, denser air from lower in the atmosphere holds more water, so as weather events like wind and storms push those pockets of air to higher altitudes, that water forms clouds at the crests of those waves. Credit: Courtesy Alexa Halford

“This is the first time that AGWs, especially the small-scale ones, will be measured globally at the mesopause, the gateway to the space,” said Michael Taylor, professor of physics at Utah State University and principal investigator for the mission. “More importantly, this is the first time we will be able to quantify the impacts of AGWs on space weather.”

Airglow and AWE’s Methodology

At the mesopause, where AWE will make its measurements, AGWs are revealed by colorful bands of light in our atmosphere known as airglow. AWE will “see” these waves by recording variations of airglow in infrared light, a wavelength range too long for human eyes to see. At these altitudes our atmosphere dips to its coldest temperatures – reaching as low as -150 degrees Fahrenheit (-101 degrees Celsius) – and the faint glow of infrared light is at its brightest.

By watching that infrared airglow grow brighter and dimmer as waves move through it, AWE will enable scientists to compute the size, power, and dispersion of AGWs like never before. It was also designed to see smaller AGWs, detecting short-scale ripples in airglow that previous missions would miss.

“AWE will be able to resolve waves at finer horizontal scales than what satellites can usually see at those altitudes, which is part of what makes the mission unique,” said Ruth Lieberman, AWE mission scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.

AWE’s Instrumentation and Certification

From its vantage point on the space station, AWE’s Advanced Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (AMTM) instrument will scan the mesopause below it. AWE’s AMTM consists of four identical telescopes, which together comprise a wide-field-of-view imaging radiometer, an instrument that measures the brightness of light at specific wavelength ranges. The relative brightness of different wavelengths can be used to create temperature maps, which in turn reveal how AGWs are moving through the atmosphere. It will be the most thorough study of AGWs and their effects on the upper atmosphere ever conducted.

As a payload headed to the space station, AWE was required to hold four crucial safety reviews. The mission was successfully certified as a station payload at its last review in July 2023. Part of this certification involved “sharp edge” testing with astronaut gloves to ensure safety during AWE’s installation and maintenance on the exterior of the space station.

The Future of AWE’s Research

AWE is the first NASA mission to attempt this type of science to provide insight into how terrestrial and space weather interactions may affect satellite communications and tracking in orbit.

Following AWE’s installation on the International Space Station, the team’s focus will be to share the instrument’s data and results with the science community and the public.

3 Comments on "NASA’s AWE Mission Launching to Space Station To Study Atmospheric Gravity Waves via Airglow"

  1. mehrdad aghakasiri tehran 00989332197646 | November 9, 2023 at 12:08 am | Reply

    Four hundred and 400 star systems that were at least tens of times smaller than the Sun are moving towards the Sun.All these stars collided with Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and Nazer and a few percent collided with the Sun.The planets that come with these stars, most of them are moons of Neptune.Uranus became the planet and took care of them, and a percentage of them hit the sun, and the soil, rock, and internal elements of these planets were poured on the surface of rocky planets and moons after disintegration, causing the destruction of life onEarth.One hundred million years

  2. mehrdad aghakasiri tehran 00989332197646 | November 9, 2023 at 12:23 am | Reply

    I must say that the article that I am sending for this interesting site passes through the filtering of the Islamic Republic with the translation made by Translate, and the government of Iran, the text that is being translated, is probably doing sabotage in the translation ofthe text that I am sending.I wrote that 400 stars to Neptune Uranus Saturn and Jupiter and some percent of these stars which were much smaller than the sun collided with the sun and the planets of those stars most of them joined the moons of the solar system and a few percent of thoseplanets collided with the sun and their dust was deposited on the earth and caused The destruction of Earth’s life occurred.In a hundred million years ago, the last planet hit the sun.All these systems came from the Milky Way to the objects of the solar system, from billions of years ago until now.

  3. mehrdad aghakasiri tehran 00989332197646 | November 9, 2023 at 2:51 am | Reply

    Thirdly, the existence of all that hydrogen gas is from the collision of dozens of stars in the gas planets Neptune, Uranus, Saturn and Jupiter.When the stars of the Milky Way’s arm collided with these gas giants, they caused the planets to rotate faster than 24 hours.Why is Jupiter even though it is further away from the Sun?Does the earth rotate 25 times around itself??!!Shouldn’t the planets that are closer to the Sun than Jupiter rotate faster than Jupiter?Well, it is obvious that the customer has been hit with dozens of stars!!When the stars collide with the planet, the speed of the planet’s rotation increases, when the planet collides with the planet, the speed of the planet decreases, and if the number of collisions increases, the rotation of the planet reverses like Venus!!!I said, why does Venus take 243 days to rotate around itself!!??I found out from the shape of the continents and seas that the humans who died on the earth a hundred million years ago, shaped the earth in the form of mammals, humans and birds.In the previous comments, I explained to you astronomy enthusiasts that South America is like a chief, the tribe is red-skinned, the bird’s foot is attached to the old man’s head, and the country of Panama is its foot.The bird and its body is a Central American bird, and its right wing is from Alaska, and its left wing, which wanted to fly, was left and its left wing was torn into pieces.There are islands that are close to the North Pole, and northeast Alaska and northern North America are on the left wing of that bird.I also realized that these continents were formed by humans, then I realized that the hundreds of meteorites that hit the moons and rocky planets belonged to the planets and stars that formed the Sun and the gas giant planets and disintegrated elements.The stars have collided.The planets that came from the big branch of the galaxy, after disintegrating, hit the earth about a hundred million years ago and caused the destruction of life on earth.Why are there effects of meteorite impact on the planets, much more rock than the earth!!??Well, it is known that the layers of the earth’s crust have been moving for hundreds of millions of years and the torrential rains have eroded the earth’s surface and changed the appearance of the earth’s surface!!But on the surface of the rocky planets and the surface of the moons of the solar system, there is no water and oxygen and the rivers do not flow, the traces of meteorites have remained intact, but on the earth for hundreds of millions of yearssince the last collision of meteorites that hit the earth they did It passes and the rivers destroy all traces of the impact of meteorites on the surface of the earth’s crust.The continuation of this conversation in the coming days will be left to you, Dr. Mehrdad.
    After rechecking the texts I translate, if they find spelling and composition mistakes, I hardly correct them, because of this, I get into trouble and the words and sentences may go this way and that, but I am not to blame.This problem is due to filtering.The sites run by the dictatorial regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran are a religion.The criminal regime of Iran’s mullahs are outwardly religious and religious, but inwardly they are patriarchal and irreligious.Administrators of this regime, I did not find this site by accident on the Internet because they were heavily filtered.Iran’s Internet by order of the banned leader, we Iranian scientists cannot get accurate information from the Internet.I am living a difficult life due to stomach and nervous disorders and I am not in a good economic situation at all.I hope you can understand me or help me so that I can come to Canada or America and publish the religious books in which I have criticized religions such as Islam, which include my criticisms of the old and superstitious religion of Islam.I can never publish them in Iran.But in America, which is freedom, I can publish religious books, and religion is better than religion and religions that confuse people.This is the old religion that has caused strife, war and division.Unfortunately, maybe Islam and religion are the worst kind of the world, because wherever there was an old religion, there was war, wherever there was no Islam, there was no war and killing, most of the countries whose religion was Islam, there was war in the Middle East.Unfortunately, we Muslim Iranians are Iranian before Islam became our religion.penetrate and cause backwardness, misery, killing, sedition and war.Before the religion of Islam, we Iranians had rituals and rituals that were the best religions in the world.Good deeds, good words, good behavior, these words include everything in life if we follow them.این دستور پیامبران و پیشینیان ما بوده farvahar rasool irani

Leave a comment

Email address is optional. If provided, your email will not be published or shared.