By breaking the symmetry of their environment, scientists demonstrate a new technique for extending the length of time qubits can retain information.
Scientists have shown that by changing the surrounding crystal’s structure to be less symmetric, they may prolong the lifetime of a molecular qubit.
The qubit is protected from noise by the asymmetry, allowing it to preserve information five times longer than if it were housed in a symmetrical structure. The study team obtained a coherence time (the time the qubit maintains information) of 10 microseconds, or 10 millionths of a second, compared to a molecular qubit’s coherence time of 2 microseconds in a symmetrical crystal host.
The findings, which were published in the journal Physical Review X, were produced by a group of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Argonne National Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Northwestern University, The University of Chicago, and the University of Glasgow. Q-NEXT, a DOE National Quantum Information Science Research Center run by Argonne, helped fund the research.
“Molecular chemistry enables us to swap out the crystalline material that hosts the qubit as well as modify the qubit itself,” said Danna Freedman, F.G. Keyes Professor of Chemistry at MIT and paper co-author. “Adding in this new level of control is very powerful.”
“The change was realized just by interchanging single atoms on the host molecules, one of the smallest changes you could get, and it gave rise to the five-fold enhancement in coherence time,” said the University of Glasgow’s Sam Bayliss, who co-authored the study. “It’s a nice demonstration of this atomic-level tunability that you get with molecules. Chemical techniques intrinsically provide control on the level of single atoms, which is a dream in a lot of modern technologies.”
“We’ve created a new handle for modifying coherence properties in molecular systems,” Freedman said. “This newfound ability to chemically control the host environment opens up new space for targeted applications of molecular qubits.”
“While 10 microseconds may not sound extremely long compared to some systems, keep in mind that we didn’t do anything to reduce the noise sources. In the environments we measured, the noise is very significant. So even though there’s noise there, the qubits basically don’t see it,” Bayliss said. “And why don’t we just remove the noise source? In practical cases, it’s not always possible to operate in an environment that is ultrapure. So having a qubit that can operate intrinsically in a noisy environment can be advantageous.”
“This is incredibly exciting for us,” Bayliss said. “One of the very exciting things was just how much of an advancement could be made with these systems over a short space of time, and how small some of the modifications to the host matrix can be to get quite a significant improvement.”
“I’m delighted to observe a new, exciting feature of molecular chemistry,” Freedman said.
“This is an important development. Being able to precisely tune a qubit’s environment is a unique advantage of molecular qubits. This can’t be easily done within other material systems,” said Q-NEXT Director and paper co-author David Awschalom, who is also an Argonne senior scientist, vice dean of Research and Infrastructure and the Liew Family Professor of Molecular Engineering and physics at the University of Chicago’s Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, and the director of the Chicago Quantum Exchange. “Knowing we can extend a qubit’s lifetime by engineering its environment opens new possibilities for applications across quantum computing, sensing, and communication.”
Reference: “Enhancing Spin Coherence in Optically Addressable Molecular Qubits through Host-Matrix Control” by S. L. Bayliss, P. Deb, D. W. Laorenza, M. Onizhuk, G. Galli, D. E. Freedman and D. D. Awschalom, 18 August 2022, Physical Review X.
The study was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science National Quantum Information Science Research Centers and the Office of Basic Energy Sciences.
Higher consumption of ultra-processed foods may be linked to an increased risk of developing and…
The early Cretaceous bird fossils hold key information about the ancient ecosystem of Jehol Biota.…
Many life-saving medications interact directly with DNA to treat illnesses like cancer, but scientists have…
According to the results of a clinical trial at Flinders University and SAHMRI, boiling peanuts…
Revolutionary bitopic inhibitors pave the way for innovative disease treatment strategies. The development of drugs…
NASA’s Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP) mission held a critical design review (CDR) last…