Redefining Brain Function: Physicists Overturn Long-Standing Assumptions

Neuroscience Brain Boost Energy Signals Concept

A new study challenges the long-held view that the neuronal soma is the key computational unit of the brain. By demonstrating that dendrites play a crucial role in neuronal plasticity and other dynamics, this research could redefine our understanding of brain functionality and disease origins.

Recent research suggests that a number of neuronal characteristics, traditionally believed to stem from the cell body or soma, may actually originate from processes in the dendrites. This discovery has significant implications for the study of degenerative diseases and for understanding the different states of brain activity during sleep and wakefulness.

The brain is an intricate network comprising billions of neurons. Each neuron’s cell body, or soma, engages in simultaneous communication with thousands of other neurons through its synapses. These synapses act as links, facilitating the exchange of information. Additionally, each neuron receives incoming signals through its dendritic trees, which are highly branched and extend for great lengths, resembling the structure of a complex and vast arboreal network.

For the last 75 years, a core hypothesis of neuroscience has been that the basic computational element of the brain is the neuronal soma, where the long and ramified dendritic trees are only cables that enable them to collect incoming signals from its thousands of connecting neurons. This long-lasting hypothesis has now been called into question.

New Research Findings

In an article just published in Physica A, researchers from Bar-Ilan University in Israel reveal that many dynamical features that are commonly attributed to the soma may stem from dendritic mechanisms.

“Typically, in-vitro experiments examine neurons using a fixed holding membrane potential, imitating the physiological conditions of intact brains in an awake state,” said Prof. Ido Kanter, of Bar-Ilan’s Department of Physics and Gonda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, who led the research. “We went against conventional wisdom and performed new types of experiments, violating the physiological conditions of the brain. Results showed that neuronal features are independent of these physiological conditions, a finding which strongly pinpoints dendrites as the segments which control neuronal plasticity features, such as the neuronal firing frequency and the stimulation threshold of the neuron.”

A paradigm shift in brain research: The new neuron and the new type of learning. Credit: Prof. Ido Kanter, Bar-Ilan University

Presented experimental evidence supports previous research by Kanter and his experimental research team — conducted by Dr. Roni Vardi — indicating efficient dendritic tree learning evidence for sub-dendritic adaptation using neuronal cultures, together with other anisotropic properties of neurons, like different spike waveforms, refractory periods and maximal transmission rates.

The new results call for a re-examination of the origin of degenerative diseases, since the origin of many neuronal functionalities are beyond the traditional framework and must be attributed to the dendrites instead of the soma. In addition, results question the origin of awake and sleep states of our brain which are commonly attributed to the level of the somatic membrane potential.

Reference: “Neuronal plasticity features are independent of neuronal holding membrane potential” by Roni Vardi, Yael Tugendhaft and Ido Kanter, 1 November 2023, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications.
DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2023.129351

4 Comments on "Redefining Brain Function: Physicists Overturn Long-Standing Assumptions"

  1. dr mohammad mehr sahebzaman iranearth | January 13, 2024 at 2:58 am | Reply

    In this last part of the text, I will mention the civilizations of the earth and the wisdom of the authors of the earth
    Regarding the prefix and suffix and changing the name and surname, I have to mention some things, that is, I don’t want to
    I was identified by the criminal and dictator regime of the Islamic Republic, which I had proposed. In the calls I received, the relevant institutions were told to call the landline of those who have notice, if I called the landline and was identified, they would find my address, although they could not do anything wrong, but it is a precaution. . The first condition is that Iranian people live in difficult political and social conditions. In Afghanistan, Iran and some Arab countries, these Islamic governments should not be in power. There are many who think like me that they cannot be prosecuted or arrested or arrested by the Islamic Republic. The listeners chose to remain silent, but we speak our minds. I have seen the power of the lords in the sky, they did everything I said, the lords did and received my message, and with the shape of the clouds in the sky, the lords of the earth speak to me, I am not a fool and I am God, and the lord of the earth with The signs owned the time, I am sure that they chose me, but there may be other people besides me in Iran who are among the special chosen ones of God and the lord of the earth. The American government should not hesitate before putting pressure on the Islamic Republic and reach out to the poor. And the oppressed nation is the Iranian nation, and only with a military attack can the criminal Islamic Republic be overthrown, and this must be overthrown. The criminal and dictatorial regime and the religion of the Islamic Republic. This is the wish of 65 million Iranians. Unfortunately, the people of Iran have not done anything because the Iranian regime is based on the religion of Islam and the deception of some believers. In the ruling system, they eat forbidden food and need bread at night. The regime of the Islamic Republic uses the same believers and Muslims in the scene to suppress the opposition and the people, and it is rooted in the religion of the people. I believe that it is not easy for the people against this armed regime to get rid of it, the people of Iran are not stupid and they know very well that America, Syria, France, England and other big powers avoid war and conflict. They are winning in the Middle East, especially the Westerners, prominent and literate people of Iranian society know very well that the Iranian revolution and the overthrow of the Shah and the domination of the Islamic State over Iran were planned by the Westerners and the British. But western politicians should know that God and the lords of the earth and the supreme power who watch over the world from the sky act like the law and are subject to orders. Earth lords take time to do something. I can. Ignore this for now, but you will know the truth. If you know God, you can pay attention to it to understand the power and influence of the existence of God and the lord of the earth. Determining the borders of countries and determining the names of countries, the names of planets, moons, stars, galaxies, etc. have been determined by the unseen world, I will explain about the topics in the next comments. I mentioned During the translation, we encounter small problems in the text, but we know that the general understanding of the translated text is that I and the Iranian man and woman are only seeking to overthrow the illegitimate criminal regime of the Islamic Republic because Islamic governments are the will of God. And they were not the lords of the earth, he is the supporter of order and justice. You should listen to one point among the above texts. In the above Time in iran 2:28 pm

    • dr mohammad mehr sahebzaman iranearth | January 13, 2024 at 8:49 am | Reply

      The words of jin, south, jinn, jind, insanity, war, crime, all these seven words in Persian language, the first two letters of which are the letter c and the letter n, but in Persian, the two letters of the seven words that I typed for you are two alphabets, the seven words of jin, but in the English grammar, there are seven words that I sent you two alphabets, they are not genies, only in Farsi, two letters and seven words are the same family of genies. If you don’t understand what I mean, leave me a message here or send a short message to my number below.
      Dr. Mohammad Mehr Sahib Zaman Iran Earth, I realized the secrets of the occult world, which are related to the shape of the continents and seas, the map of the countries, the names of the heavenly bodies, and the story of the people who lived on the earth a hundred million years ago. You should look at the map of the country of Iraq. Imagine that there is a camel’s head coming from Africa and drinking water from the Persian Gulf Sea. The Persian Gulf Sea is the shape of a woman whose hips are on the Emirates, her knees are the Strait of Hormuz, and her lap is the Sea of Oman. Pay attention to the continent of North America, a bird is flying, its right wing is Alaska, its left wing is near the North Pole, there are islands in the northeast of the American continent, as if the left wing of the bird was torn into pieces and it could not lift the chief of the earth tribe to the sky Babard, the head of the Earthling tribe, is the role of an old man who made the entire map of South America. The country of Panama is a bird’s foot, which is what they and the jinn mean by the name that passed over the country of Panama. It looks like you follow the foot. The country of Brazil is in Farsi Brazil, which means that it is going under the earth. Basically, when planets from the two big arms of the galaxy collided with the sun, the planets of the galaxy’s arm caused those planets to reverse their rotation after hitting the planet Venus. Planets that collided with the sun They exploded, the soil and disintegrated elements of those planets were thrown on the earth, and the inhabitants of the earth who had gone underground were crushed there, that’s why the name of the country Brazil is the last, people were buried underground, and the image of the bird and the old man tells the story of sadness It was inspired by earthlings in a hundred million years ago, but who chose names and put them on countries and continents that are related to the story of the destruction of humans?
      The names and shapes of countries, seas, and continents are related to the destruction of the lives of humans who lived on the earth a hundred million years ago.
      For more information, go to the updated scientific and technical site scitechdaily and type the following name in the search field
      dr mohammad mehr sahebzaman iranearth
      When you go to the comment above dr mohammad mehr
      Copy the English texts and enter the word “translate” in Google. You can translate any text into any language by selecting the language in the “translate” translation.
      You type your opinion in Farsi, then you can translate your text in English and send it to everyone on scitechdaily.
      Insha’Allah, some of our messages are Insha’Allah and dictation of Allah, meaning Insha’Allah in people who are chosen by themselves, this Insha’Allah may also be.
      You will know the continuation of this important story in the next comments that we send. For now, I leave you to God

      In the name of Allah, Rahman, Rahim, the words of the genn of the south, the genin, the gendah, madness, war, crime, all these seven words in Persian language, two letters A

  2. dr mohammad alekesir sahebzaman | January 14, 2024 at 10:39 am | Reply

    dr mohammad alekesir sahebzaman | January 14, 2024 at 10:30 am | Reply
    I have to say a few things about the text above, I didn’t reveal my nickname before.I am locally known as Alexir.Of course, we changed several houses and these were all the work of the Lords of the Earth.You should know that I will explain in a way that I will explain later.With evidence, evidence and documents, I am truly the guardian of the time and the special representative of the lords of the earth.I have a number of accounts.I will not repeat what Salman Rashti did.He may have been right, but I consider caution as the first condition.Maybe I, and after me, my book.It is very likely that my supporters will bring this issue to light.This is very, very important.The law of God will be implemented and the religions that will be rejected are the orders of the Lords of the world.Whether it will be implemented by me, or God and other Gods will implement the new law of religions, or God will implement the new law.bring religions to the fore by the savior and his messenger, it doesn’t matter if wise people issue a law that old religions are abandoned, in any case, this matter will be realized, let’s pass this issue, I want to explain the wordQayyim Qayyim is a word that has several meanings and it was determined by God and the Lords of the world.Send me a message.I don’t know the weapon.I need to give an address.My duty is to inform about the history of humans on earth and the fate of humans on earth, and I have a duty on my part to tell the facts that happened on earth to the world and especially to Believers and Muslims of Iran, I mustbring the word of truth and what has been assigned to me to appear, God willing, this essay and the dictation of God is also the same word, God willing, I want the translation to translate the word God willing like Farsi, and if possible, the word religions Of course, this may not be possible in translation

    • dr mohammad alekesir sahebzaman | January 16, 2024 at 3:55 am | Reply

      A good news for you astronomers, you don’t need to waste your valuable time on researching the knowledge of planets outside the Milky Way.The Lords of the Earth told me that it’s time for humans to understand that there were people who lived on Earth before them, whose bodies are now under the earth.It is 2000 meters underground and we have to find them because of the machines they built, to find the secrets of the human earth.

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