Hypertension News

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is consistently too high. This condition is typically defined by blood pressure readings of 140/90 mmHg or higher, with readings of 130/80 mmHg considered elevated. Hypertension often has no symptoms, making it a silent but dangerous condition that can lead to serious health issues such as heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, and vision loss. Risk factors include genetics, age, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet (particularly high salt intake), smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption. Management of hypertension involves lifestyle changes like maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical activity, reducing salt intake, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol. Medications, such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and beta-blockers, may also be prescribed to help control blood pressure. Regular monitoring and early intervention are crucial to preventing the complications associated with hypertension.