Kidney News

The kidney is a vital organ in the human body primarily responsible for filtering and removing waste products and excess substances from the blood, which are then excreted in the form of urine. Each person typically has two kidneys, located in the lower back on each side of the spine. Beyond waste removal, kidneys play crucial roles in maintaining overall bodily fluid balance, regulating electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and producing hormones that manage blood pressure and control the production of red blood cells. Kidneys are also involved in the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. They are essential for the body’s homeostasis, ensuring that various physiological parameters such as fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid-base balance are maintained within strict limits. Kidney health is critical, and diseases such as chronic kidney disease or acute kidney injury can significantly impact overall health and quality of life.