Retina News

The retina is a thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the eye on the inside and is crucial for vision. It is composed of light-sensitive cells known as photoreceptors (rods and cones), which detect light and convert it into electrical signals. These signals are then processed by other types of neurons in the retina, creating nerve impulses that are transmitted to the brain via the optic nerve. Rods are abundant and provide black-and-white vision in low-light conditions, while cones are responsible for color vision and work best under brighter light. The retina also contains a special area called the macula, which is critical for high-resolution central vision, enabling activities like reading and driving. Diseases and disorders of the retina, such as retinal detachment, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy, can lead to significant visual impairment or blindness, highlighting the importance of this delicate structure in visual health.