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Overuse of Medical Services Increases Healthcare Costs

June 29, 2015

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Is Healthcare Taking Advantage of You

Are doctors running the bill up on you? A new study from Yale University shows that a key factor to increased healthcare costs is overuse of medical services. As the cost of health care in the United States continues to rise, a new study by Yale researchers offers insight into a key factor influencing increased […]

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Study Shows Arthritis Drug Restores Skin Color for Vitiligo Patients

June 26, 2015

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Arthritis Drug Restores Skin Color in Vitiligo Patients

New research from Yale University demonstrates the effectiveness of tofacitinib for treating vitiligo. After five months of treatment, the white spots on the patients face and hands were nearly gone and tofacitinib caused no adverse side effects during the course of treatment. shows that Within two months of treatment, the patient experienced partial repigmentation on […]

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Study Shows Medical Marijuana ‘Edibles’ Mostly Mislabeled

June 24, 2015

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Study Shows Medical Marijuana Edibles Mostly Mislabeled

In a study led by Johns Hopkins, researchers reviewed the THC content of a small sample of dispensary products. They found the vast majority of them either understated or overstated the cannabinoid content on the label, suggesting buyers are at risk of overdosing or being cheated. Fast Facts: Although laws in some states now permit […]

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Everyday Chemicals in Our Environment Cause Cancer When Combined

June 22, 2015

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Everyday Chemicals in Our Environment Cause Cancer When Combined

According to new research from a global taskforce, fifty chemicals the public are exposed to on a daily basis have been shown to trigger cancer when combined. A global taskforce of 174 scientists from leading research centres across 28 countries studied the link between mixtures of commonly encountered chemicals and the development of cancer. The […]

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Smartphones Can Disrupt Pacemakers and Cause Painful Shocks

June 22, 2015

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Smartphones Can Disrupt Pacemakers

Electromagnetic interference from smartphones can disrupt pacemaker function and cause implantable cardioverter defibrillators to deliver painful shocks. Cardiac device wearers are advised to keep a safety distance of 15 to 20 cm between their device and their mobile phone. Cardiac device wearers should keep a safe distance from smartphones to avoid unwanted painful shocks or […]

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Smoking Around Toddlers Could Be As Bad As Smoking While Pregnant

June 22, 2015

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Smoking Around Toddlers Could Be As Bad As Smoking While Pregnant

Researchers publish first ever study looking into the effects of household smoking on children’s later weight gain. The increased BMI associated with second hand smoke in children is almost as large as that from smoking while pregnant. Children whose parents smoked when they were toddlers are likely to have a wider waist and a higher […]

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PROTACs: A New Type of Drug That Can Target All Disease-Causing Proteins

June 11, 2015

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New Type of Drug Can Target All Disease-Causing Proteins

A newly published study from Yale University details the discovery of a new type of drug, called Proteolysis Targeting Chimeras (PROTACs), which can target all disease-causing proteins. Current drugs block the actions of only about a quarter of known disease-causing proteins, but Yale University researchers have developed a technology capable of not just inhibiting, but […]

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Cavity Shaving Reduces the Risk of a Second Mastectomy

June 1, 2015

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Cavity Shaving Reduces Risk of Double Mastectomy

A newly published study reveals that cavity shaving halved the rates of positive margins and reexcision among patients with partial mastectomy. Removing more tissue during a partial mastectomy could spare thousands of breast cancer patients a second surgery, according to a Yale Cancer Center study. The findings were published online May 30 in the New […]

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Engineers Develop Probiotics That Can Detect Tumors

May 28, 2015

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Engineered Probiotics Can Detect Tumors in the Liver

By using probiotics, a team of engineers has devised a new way to detect cancer that has spread to the liver. Many types of cancer, including colon and pancreatic, tend to metastasize to the liver. The earlier doctors can find these tumors, the more likely that they can successfully treat them. “There are interventions, like […]

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New Mathematical Model Helps Predicts Optimal Use of Antibiotics

May 15, 2015

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Mathematical Model Predicts Optimal Use of Antibiotics

Researchers at the Yale School of Public Health have developed a new mathematical model to help predict the optimal dosing of antibiotics. Although antibiotics were first introduced more than 70 years ago, substantial uncertainty remains about how the drugs should be used by patients to ensure recovery, while minimizing toxic side effects and the risk […]

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A New Study Links Infant Antibiotic Use to Adult Diseases

May 14, 2015

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Infant Antibiotic Use Linked to Adult Diseases

New research from the University of Minnesota reveals a three-way link among antibiotic use in infants, changes in the gut bacteria, and disease later in life. Imbalances in gut microbes have been tied to infectious diseases, allergies and other autoimmune disorders, and even obesity. The study, led by Biomedical Informatics and Computational Biology program graduate […]

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Vitamin A Receptor Helps Protect Lungs from Smoke Exposure and Viral Infections

May 8, 2015

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Vitamin A Receptor Protects Lungs from Smoking

New research shows that vitamin A that plays a key role in lung development and maintenance, and may play a protective role in lung injury caused by cigarette smoke exposure and viral infections. It’s no surprise that smoking is bad for the lungs. But only 10%-20% of long-term smokers will develop serious conditions that affect […]

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Biologists Reverse Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics

May 7, 2015

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Scientists Reverse Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics

A newly published study details how a team of researchers returned drug-resistant bacteria to a pre-resistant state. Biologist Miriam Barlow of the University of California, Merced, and mathematician Kristina Crona of American University tested and found a way to return bacteria to a pre-resistant state. In research published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE, they […]

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Brown Researchers Reveal Inhibitor for COPD Lung Destruction

May 6, 2015

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Researchers Find Inhibitor for COPD Lung Destruction

A newly published study reveals that cigarette smoke reduces expression of the protein NLRX1 in the lung, taking the restraints off a destructive immune response that results in COPD. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — In a new study, a research team based at Brown and Yale implicates a specific mitochondrial protein and pathway in […]

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Targeting Brain Metastases with Stem Cell Therapy

April 27, 2015

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Targeting Breast to Brain Metastatic Tumor

Researchers have developed an in vivo imageable breast-to-brain metastasis mouse model. Using real time in vivo imaging and subsequent composite fluorescence imaging, they show a widespread distribution of micro- and macro-metastasis in different stages of metastatic progression. Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have developed an “imageable” mouse model of […]

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FDA Approved Tapeworm Drug Shows Promise Against MRSA

April 24, 2015

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Tapeworm Medication Shows Promise Against MRSA

New research from Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital reveal that a common tapeworm drug (which is already approved for use in humans) effectively treated MRSA superbugs in lab cultures and in infected nematode worms. Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University) — A new study provides evidence from lab experiments that a drug already used in […]

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Dose-Dependent Relationship Between Sugar Beverages and Heart Disease Risk

April 23, 2015

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Sugary Drinks Boost Heart Disease Risk

New research from the University of California Davis is the first to demonstrate a direct, dose-dependent relationship between the amount of added sugar consumed in sweetened beverages and increases in specific risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Beverages sweetened with low, medium and high amounts of high-fructose corn syrup significantly increase risk factors for cardiovascular disease, […]

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Fewer Doses of Prophylaxis Provides Near-Optimal Protection Against RSV

April 23, 2015

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Fewer Doses of Prophylaxis Provides Near-Optimal Protection

Researchers from Yale and the National Institutes of Health and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality reveal that fewer doses of the antibody for Respiratory Syncytial Virus can be given to children and still offer near-optimal protection. Respiratory Syncytial Virus, or RSV, is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in U.S. children […]

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