Nanotechnology News

Berkeley Lab Uses Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

August 26, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Use Solar Energy and Renewable Hydrogen to Produce Methane

A team of scientists has developed a hybrid artificial photosynthesis system that produces renewable molecular hydrogen and uses it to synthesize carbon dioxide into methane. A team of researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developing a bioinorganic hybrid approach to artificial photosynthesis have achieved another milestone. Having […]

Continue reading...

“Proximity Magnetism” Could Be a Building Block for Quantum Computers

August 18, 2015

0 Comments

MIT Physicists Observe an Unusual Magnetic Behavior

Researchers reveal an unusual magnetic behavior that could be used to probe a variety of exotic physical phenomena, and could ultimately be used to produce key components of future quantum computers. An exotic kind of magnetic behavior, driven by the mere proximity of two materials, has been analyzed by a team of researchers at MIT […]

Continue reading...

Researchers Reveal Why Black Phosphorus May Surpass Graphene

August 15, 2015

7 Comments

Phosphorene – The natural successor to Graphene?

In a newly published study, researchers from the Pohang University of Science and Technology detail how they were able to turn black phosphorus into a superior conductor that can be mass produced for electronic and optoelectronics devices. The research team operating out of Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), affiliated with the Institute for […]

Continue reading...

Aluminum “Yolk-and-Shell” Nanoparticle Boosts Capacity and Power of Lithium-ion Batteries

August 14, 2015

0 Comments

Yolks and Shells Improve Lithium-Ion Batteries

New research from MIT and Tsinghua University in China reveals that an aluminum “yolk-and-shell” nanoparticle could boost the capacity and power of lithium-ion batteries. One big problem faced by electrodes in rechargeable batteries, as they go through repeated cycles of charging and discharging, is that they must expand and shrink during each cycle — sometimes […]

Continue reading...

Scientists Reveal New Insights into the Coupling between Wetting and Catalytic Activity

August 6, 2015

0 Comments

Reactivity of Perovskites with Water: Role of Hydroxylation in Wetting and Implications for Oxygen Electrocatalysis

In a newly published study, researchers reveal new insights into the coupling between wetting and catalytic activity and suggest that catalyst hydrophobicity should be considered in aqueous oxygen electrocatalysis. Two key physical phenomena take place at the surfaces of materials: catalysis and wetting. A catalyst enhances the rate of chemical reactions; wetting refers to how […]

Continue reading...

Light-Capturing Nanomaterials to Boost Efficiency of Photovoltaic Solar Cells

July 23, 2015

0 Comments

Light-Capturing Nanomaterials Boost Efficiency and Reduce Costs of Photovoltaic Solar Cells

A new method to incorporate light-capturing nanomaterials into future solar-panel designs could make it easier for engineers to boost the efficiency and reduce the costs of photovoltaic solar cells. Although the domestic solar-energy industry grew by 34 percent in 2014, fundamental technical breakthroughs are needed if the U.S. is to meet its national goal of […]

Continue reading...

Nanoparticles and UV Light Clean Up Environmental Pollutants

July 22, 2015

0 Comments

Nanoparticles Clean Up Environmental Pollutants

A new study from MIT shows how nanoparticles can clean up environmental pollutants, revealing that nanomaterials and UV light can “trap” chemicals for easy removal from soil and water. Many human-made pollutants in the environment resist degradation through natural processes, and disrupt hormonal and other systems in mammals and other animals. Removing these toxic materials […]

Continue reading...

Hybrid Boron Nitride Nanostructures Will Keep Small Electronics Cool

July 21, 2015

0 Comments

White Graphene Structures Excel at Thermal Management for Electronics

Researchers from Rice University have completed the first theoretical analysis of how 3D boron nitride might be used as a tunable material to control heat flow in small electronics devices. The research by Rouzbeh Shahsavari and Navid Sakhavand appears this month in the American Chemical Society journal Applied Materials and Interfaces. In its two-dimensional form, […]

Continue reading...

New Technology Could Transform Solar Energy Storage

July 21, 2015

6 Comments

This New Technology Could Transform Solar Energy Storage

Chemists at UCLA have developed a new technology that is capable of storing solar energy for up to several weeks — an advance that could change the way scientists think about designing solar cells. The materials in most of today’s residential rooftop solar panels can store energy from the sun for only a few microseconds […]

Continue reading...

Niobium Nanowire Yarns Make High-Performance Supercapacitors

July 7, 2015

1 Comment

Niobium Nanowire Improves Supercapacitors

Using yarns made from niobium nanowire, researchers at MIT have developed a new approach to making supercapacitors. Wearable electronic devices for health and fitness monitoring are a rapidly growing area of consumer electronics; one of their biggest limitations is the capacity of their tiny batteries to deliver enough power to transmit data. Now, researchers at […]

Continue reading...

Nanoparticles Shut Down Cancer Growth

July 3, 2015

0 Comments

Nanoparticles Shut Down Cancer Growth

Using nanoparticles to deliver a nucleic acid (siRNA) into tumor cells in mouse models, scientists from UCLA and City of Hope have become the first to inhibit the mechanism that drives cancer growth. When scientists develop cancer therapies, they target the features that make the disease deadly: tumor growth, metastasis, recurrence and drug resistance. In […]

Continue reading...

MIT Chemists Develop a Quantum-Dot Spectrometer

July 1, 2015

0 Comments

MIT Chemists Design a Quantum-Dot Spectrometer

Researchers from MIT have designed a quantum-dot spectrometer that is small enough to function within a smartphone, enabling portable light analysis. Instruments that measure the properties of light, known as spectrometers, are widely used in physical, chemical, and biological research. These devices are usually too large to be portable, but MIT scientists have now shown […]

Continue reading...

LiquiGlide Nonstick Coating Coming to Consumer Goods

June 30, 2015

0 Comments

LiquiGlide Nonstick Coating Ready for Consumer Goods

You won’t have to shake, rattle and roll those last drops of condiments out of the bottle anymore. LiquiGlide, a liquid-impregnated coating that acts as a slippery barrier between a surface and a viscous liquid, has just been licensed to a major consumer-goods company. The days of wasting condiments — and other products — that […]

Continue reading...

Rapid Fabrication of Nanoscale Geometric Grids Using Lasers

June 23, 2015

0 Comments

Rapid Fabrication of Nanoscale Geometric Grids Using Lasers

Rapid creation of multi-layered, self-assembled nanoscale grids with fully customizable shapes and compositions is possible using new technique developed by scientists at Brookhaven Lab. Down at the nanoscale, where objects span just billionths of a meter, the size and shape of a material can often have surprising and powerful electronic and optical effects. Building larger […]

Continue reading...

Controlling Surface Topography with Particle-Enhanced Soft Composites

June 11, 2015

0 Comments

MIT Researchers Produce Soft Material with Controllable Surface Textures

Using a material that is composed of two different polymers with different degrees of stiffness, researchers have developed a soft material with controllable surface textures that can be varied by squeezing. An MIT team has developed a way of making soft materials, using a 3-D printer, with surface textures that can then be modified at […]

Continue reading...

Engineers Develop a Computer That Operates on Water

June 9, 2015

0 Comments

A Computer That Operates on Water Droplets

Researchers at Stanford University have developed a synchronous computer that operates using the unique physics of moving water droplets. Their goal is to design a new class of computers that can precisely control and manipulate physical matter. Computers and water typically don’t mix, but in Manu Prakash’s lab, the two are one and the same. […]

Continue reading...

Researchers Developed a Frictional Interface at the Atomic Level

June 8, 2015

0 Comments

New Technique Could Boost Development of Nanomachines

Scientists from MIT have developed a frictional interface at the atomic level. The new technique tunes friction between two surfaces, to the point where friction can vanish. Friction is all around us, working against the motion of tires on pavement, the scrawl of a pen across paper, and even the flow of proteins through the […]

Continue reading...

New Technique Increases Nanofiber Production Rate Fourfold

June 5, 2015

0 Comments

Researchers Demonstrated a Systematic Way to Produce Nanofibers

Scientists from MIT have demonstrated a systematic way to produce nanofibers through electrospinning that boosts production while cutting energy consumption by 92 percent. Nanofibers — polymer filaments only a couple of hundred nanometers in diameter — have a huge range of potential applications, from solar cells to water filtration to fuel cells. But so far, […]

Continue reading...