Yale University News

Yale Study Shows HIV Protease Inhibitors Also Offer Protection Against Malaria

December 19, 2014

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AIDS Drug Offers Protection Against Malaria

New research from Yale University shows that the use of protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy for HIV is an effective measure for reducing malaria in HIV-infected children in most regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Children with HIV/AIDS in Africa are at a higher-than-average risk for another deadly disease: malaria. But a team of Yale School of Public […]

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Targeted Computer Games Improve Neurobiological Dysfunctions of Psychopaths

December 18, 2014

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Study Shows Computer Games Can Change the Behavior of Psychopaths

New research from Yale University shows that computer games can be used to change the behavior of psychopaths, teaching them to consider emotion and other pieces of information when they make decisions. Psychopaths generally do not feel fear and fail to consider the emotions of others, or reflect upon their behavior — traits that make […]

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New Synthetic Molecules (SyAMs) Mimic Antibodies

December 17, 2014

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New Class of Synthetic Molecules Mimics Antibodies

Researchers from Yale University have created the first synthetic molecules that have both the targeting and response functions of antibodies. The new molecules — synthetic antibody mimics (SyAMs) — attach themselves simultaneously to disease cells and disease-fighting cells. The result is a highly targeted immune response, similar to the action of natural human antibodies. “Unlike […]

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Study Shows Hypertension Medication May Help Smokers Quit

December 17, 2014

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Hypertension Medication May Help Smokers Quit

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that a hypertension medication that targets stress may help smokers quit. Smokers trying to quit often light up a cigarette to deal with stress. Now an interdisciplinary team of Yale researchers has shown that guanfacine, a medication approved for treating hypertension that reduces stress and enhances cognition, […]

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Yale Study Shows Ebola Virus Spreads in Social Clusters

December 16, 2014

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Researchers Reveal Ebola Virus Spreads in Social Clusters

Using both genomic and epidemiological data from the current outbreak in Sierra Leone, researchers from Yale University discovered that the Ebola virus spreads in social clusters – a finding that has ramifications for case reporting and the public health. Prior studies of Ebola transmission were based on models that assumed the spread of infection occurred […]

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Engineers Show Tiny Liquid Drops Can Make Solids Stiffer

December 16, 2014

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Engineers Stiffen Solids with Liquid Inclusions

Engineers from Yale University have strengthened solid materials by using very small embedded liquid droplets. Engineers at Yale University have discovered that the stiffness of liquid drops embedded in solids has something in common with Goldilocks: While large drops of liquids are softer than the solid that surrounds them, extremely tiny drops of liquid can […]

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Brain’s Response to Smoking is Different in Men and Women

December 10, 2014

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Men and Women Respond Differently to Cigarettes

New research from Yale University shows that men and women respond to cigarettes differently, demonstrating for the first time that smoking-induced dopamine activation occurs in a different brain region and much faster in nicotine-dependent men than women. Yale researchers using a new brain imaging analysis method have confirmed that smoking cigarettes activates a dopamine-driven pleasure […]

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New Drug Combination Delays Breast Cancer Progression

December 10, 2014

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New Drug Combination Delays Cancer Progression

Research presented at the 2014 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium reveals that a new drug combination for advanced breast cancer delays disease progression. A new combination of cancer drugs delayed disease progression for patients with hormone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer, according to a multi-center phase II trial. The findings of the randomized study (S6-03) were presented […]

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New Research Details Why Typhoid Toxin Targets Only Humans

December 8, 2014

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Study Reveals Why Typhoid Toxin Targets Only Humans

Scientists at Yale and UC San Diego have discovered why typhoid toxin targets only humans, revealing a single oxygen atom is the cause. The bacterium Salmonella Typhi causes typhoid fever in humans, but leaves other mammals unaffected. Researchers at University of California, San Diego and Yale University Schools of Medicine now offer one explanation — […]

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Unlike People, Capuchin Monkeys Aren’t Fooled by Expensive Brands

December 3, 2014

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Monkeys Aren’t Fooled by Expensive Brands

A newly published study from Yale University shows that although Capuchin monkeys exhibit a number of irrational behaviors similar to humans, the monkeys aren’t fooled by expensive brands. In at least one respect, Capuchin monkeys are smarter than humans — they don’t assume a higher price tag means better quality, according to a new Yale […]

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New Study Shows Brain stimulation Counteracts Dangerous Side Effect of Seizures

December 2, 2014

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Brain Stimulation Can Restore Consciousness after a Seizure

In a newly published study, neurologists from Yale University have reawakened rats after seizures by stimulating parts of the brain involved in conscious awareness. The research may lead to treatments for individuals with epilepsy. Loss of consciousness is a common and dangerous side effect of epileptic seizures. A study published this week in the journal […]

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Study Shows Low level Drinking Not Associated with Higher Risk of Poor Birth Outcomes

November 24, 2014

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Low Level Drinking Not Associated with Higher Risk of Birth Defects

Newly published research shows that low to moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of specific birth outcomes and measures of fetal growth. Heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy has long been linked to a range of developmental problems and birth defects including fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), low birth weight, and […]

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Research Shows There is a Medical Benefit to Reducing D2B Time

November 20, 2014

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Doctors Reduce Time it Takes to Treat Emergency Heart Patients

Newly published research reveals that doctors and emergency medical personnel have reduced the amount of time it takes to treat emergency heart patients, and shows that advances in quality of care in terms of timely treatment is very importantly linked with survival after heart attacks. The retrospective study, published online in the journal Lancet, solves […]

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Discovery Hints at New Strategy for Fighting HIV

November 19, 2014

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New Strategy for Fighting HIV

Researchers from Yale University have discovered an immune system reaction that may open a new avenue in the fight against HIV. The discovery of the innate immunity system’s role in mobilizing the body’s defenses against invading microorganisms has been long studied at Yale. Now in the November 17 issue of the journal Nature Immunology, Yale […]

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Yale Researchers Develop Method to Attack Cancer at Its Source

November 18, 2014

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Yale Develops Method to Attack Cancer at Its Genetic Source

A team of researchers at Yale University has developed a therapeutic molecule that both targets the acidic microenvironments of tumors and penetrates cells to deliver a therapeutic cargo. MicroRNAs may be tiny — as few as 20 genetic letters, compared to 3 billion in the DNA of a human — but they play a major […]

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