Yale University News

New Study Shows Even Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Harm People with HIV

February 2, 2016

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New Study Shows Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Harm People with HIV

A newly published study from Yale University shows that moderate alcohol consumption is more harmful to people with HIV than uninfected individuals, raising the risk of both mortality and other negative health effects. The Yale study is the first to demonstrate the increased harm among patients who have suppressed HIV with modern antiretroviral treatment (ART). […]

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Yale Researchers Identify Molecular Link between Obesity and Fatty Liver Disease

January 26, 2016

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New Link between Obesity and a Common Liver Disease Discovered

The high levels of obesity in the United States contribute to fatty liver disease, the most common form of liver disease. A newly published study from Yale University identifies molecular links between the two, and points to a possible therapy. Fatty liver disease — also known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH — frequently progresses to […]

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Yale Engineers Devise Quantum Technology On A Chip

January 22, 2016

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Quantum Interference in Heterogeneous Superconducting-Photonic Circuits on a Silicon Chip

Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science have devised a process of nanofabrication to create a silicon chip that contains all the components needed for a quantum information processor. The potential benefits of quantum technology are huge. Theoretically, it can complete in seconds certain tasks – like simulations of complex chemical processes […]

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New Yale Study Links Childbearing to Accelerated Aging

January 20, 2016

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New Yale Study Links Childbearing to Accelerated Aging

New research from Yale University reveals the first evidence that childbearing may cause accelerated aging in women. The researchers tested 100 healthy postmenopausal women from five rural villages in southern Poland for biomarkers associated with accelerated aging. The study, conducted in partnership with researchers from Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow and the Polish Academy […]

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Life-Extending Hormone FGF21 Also Protects Against the Loss of Immune Function

January 14, 2016

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FGF21 Hormone Protests Against the Loss of Immune Function

New research from Yale University shows that the hormone FGF21, which extends lifespan in mice by 40%, protects against the loss of immune function that comes with age. Published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on January 11, the study’s findings have future implications for improving immune function in the elderly, […]

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New Research Shows Hyperactive Neurons May Trigger Alzheimer’s

January 13, 2016

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Hyperactive neurons may be culprit in Alzheimer’s

New research from Yale University shows that an increase in neuronal activity can spur the creation of plaques and toxic amyloid beta peptides, which are believed to trigger Alzheimer’s disease. A long-term reduction in neuronal activity reduces amyloid plaques associated with Alzheimer’s disease, Yale University researchers have found. The study, using mouse models of Alzheimer’s, […]

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Yale Examines How Bacteria Might Trigger and Treat Autoimmune Disease

January 11, 2016

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How Beneficial Bacteria Inside Our Bodies Might Trigger and Treat Autoimmune Disease

New research from Yale University is exploring how beneficial bacteria that live in the gut might trick the body into an autoimmune reaction known as antiphospholipid syndrome. Doctors often describe the body’s immune system in military terms. Physical barriers such as skin and mucus prevent invasion by disease-causing pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. If […]

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Yale Study Reveals Toxins in Fracking Fluids and Wastewater

January 6, 2016

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Study Reveals Toxins in Fracking Fluids and Wastewater

New research from the Yale School of Public Health analyzed more than 1,000 chemicals in fluids used in and created by hydraulic fracturing (fracking), finding that many of the substances have been linked to reproductive and developmental health problems. Further exposure and epidemiological studies are urgently needed to evaluate potential threats to human health from […]

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Researchers Improve Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures

December 23, 2015

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Guided Evolution of Bulk Metallic Glass Nanostructures

Scientists from Yale University have figured out a way to refine bulk metallic glasses to improve their electrochemical performance. Results of the research, based in the lab of chemical and environmental engineering professor André D. Taylor, are published in the December 22 issue of Advanced Materials. Bulk metallic glass (BMG), also known as amorphous metal […]

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Immune Therapy Drug Prolongs Survival in Advanced Lung Cancer Patients

December 21, 2015

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Immune Therapy Drug Shows Promise in Fight Against Cancer

A newly published study involving patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer resistant to chemotherapy has found a promising weapon in an immune therapy drug commonly used to treat other cancers. The findings were published December 19 in The Lancet and presented at the 2015 annual conference of the European Society for Medical Oncology in […]

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Scientists Should Focus on Changes in Species to Recognize and Avoid a Mass Extinction

December 17, 2015

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Reserachers Examine Rarity in Mass Extinctions and the Future of Ecosystems

New research from Yale University urges scientists to move their focus from species extinction to species rarity in order to recognize, and avoid, a mass extinction in the modern world. Writing in the journal Nature the week of December 16, Yale’s Pincelli Hull and colleagues from the Smithsonian Institution argue that modern extinction rates may […]

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Hospital Price Study Reveals ‘Mind-Boggling’ Variation Across USA

December 16, 2015

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Hospital Prices Show Mind-Boggling Variation Across USA

A new study from Yale University economists reveals that the prices hospitals negotiate with health insurance companies vary enormously within and across geographic regions in the United States. For example, the study shows that in 2011 hospital prices for lower-limb MRIs were 12 times higher in the most expensive region of the United States (Bronx, […]

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Yale Researchers Discover New Complexities Behind Drug Resistance

December 10, 2015

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New Study Probes Genes for Clues to Drug Resistance in Aggressive Breast Cancer

New research from Yale University probes genes for clues to drug resistance in aggressive breast cancer. By sifting through the 20,000 protein-encoding genes in the human genome, Yale researchers discovered new complexities behind drug resistance and identified patterns of mutations that could predict which therapies will benefit patients with aggressive breast cancer. The findings will […]

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Yale Study Shows Topical Ruxolitinib Grows Hair

December 9, 2015

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Topical Ruxolitinib Helps Teen Grow Hair

A new study from Yale University reveals that a topical formulation of an oral medication used to treat bone marrow diseases can be used to grow hair. A young woman who had no scalp or eyebrow hair for years now enjoys a full mane after using a novel cream devised by researchers at Yale School […]

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New Strategy to Better Protect Cancer Patients from the Flu

December 7, 2015

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New Vaccine Better Protects Cancer Patients from Flu

Scientists from Yale University have developed a new vaccine strategy that reduces the risk of flu infections in cancer patients at highest risk for influenza. The findings were presented December 6 at the 57th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology in Orlando, Florida. Patients with cancers of the immune system, like multiple myeloma, […]

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Yale Study Shows Protein IL-18 Contributes to Colitis

December 4, 2015

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Researchers Identify Key Protein That Contributes to Colitis

New research from Yale University identifies that the protein IL-18 plays a key part in the development of the colitis. The cause of Ulcerative Colitis, a debilitating disease of the intestine, is unclear. A Yale-led study has illuminated the role of a protein that plays a key part in the development of the condition. The […]

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Yale Researchers Find a Soft Spot in the Nazca Plate

December 3, 2015

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Researchers Find a Soft Spot in a Tectonic Slab

Using land-based seismic stations, researchers from Yale University found that part of the Nazca Plate weakened and deformed as it bent and slid under the adjoining South American Plate. The Earth’s tectonic plates may be more flexible than previously thought as they slide underneath each other and dive deep below the surface, according to new […]

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MRI May Lead to Overdiagnosis of Cancer

December 2, 2015

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MRI May Lead to Overdiagnosis of Cancer for Older Women

New research from Yale University details how magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for many women undergoing breast cancer surgery might identify health problems that would not otherwise impact patients — or lead to “overdiagnosis.” Published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the study examined whether preoperative MRI use would allow doctors to identify breast cancer in […]

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