Yale University News

New Study Traces the Impact of Volcanic Activity on Climate Change

April 25, 2016

0 Comments

New Research Traces the Impact of Volcanic Activity on Climate Change

A newly published study shows that for the majority of Earth’s history, continental arc volcanism has been the main driver of long-term climate variability. A geology-based analysis of Earth’s climate history over the past 700 million years provides evidence that climate change has occurred traditionally through slow shifts in the release of carbon dioxide — […]

Continue reading...

Stars Strip Away the Atmosphere of Super-Earths

April 13, 2016

1 Comment

Stars Strip Away the Atmosphere of Nearby Super-Earths

Even a super-Earth can fly too close to the sun, according to a new study from Yale University. An international team of astronomers has found a new category of planets beyond our solar system whose atmosphere has been stripped bare by the radiation from their own sun. The findings will appear in the journal Nature […]

Continue reading...

New Genome-Wide Analysis Links Marijuana Dependence and Major Depression

March 30, 2016

7 Comments

New Study Links Genes to Marijuana Dependence and Major Depression

A newly published genome-wide analysis of more than 14,000 individuals has identified several gene variants that increase risk of cannabis dependence. The analysis also suggests that the genetic risk for dependence on marijuana is associated with a higher inherited risk of major depression. The new study is published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. The study […]

Continue reading...

Yale Researchers Show Parents Underestimate Their Children’s Weight

March 24, 2016

0 Comments

Yale Study Shows Parents Underestimate Their Children's Weight

A new study form Yale University details how some parents underestimate their children’s weight, a misperception with important implications for clinical prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. Janet A. Lydecker, PhD, postdoctoral associate in psychiatry, and Carlos M. Grilo, PhD, professor of psychiatry and of psychology, and director of the Yale Program for Obesity Weight […]

Continue reading...

Yale Biologists Solve the Mystery of the Tully Monster

March 21, 2016

0 Comments

Mystery of the Tully Monster Solved

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that the Tully Monster had gills and a notochord, which functioned as a rudimentary spinal cord. The Tully Monster, an oddly configured sea creature with teeth at the end of a narrow, trunk-like extension of its head and eyes that perch on either side of a long, […]

Continue reading...

Yale Study Finds Racial Differences in Smoking Patterns

March 15, 2016

1 Comment

Study Finds Differences in Smoking Habits between African Americans and Whites

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that differences in smoking habits between African Americans and whites may lead to a disparity in screening for lung cancer. The paper was published online March 15 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Cigarette smoking, the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, has been widely […]

Continue reading...

Yale Study Shows Key Protein In Pancreatic Cancer Growth May Also Be Its Undoing

March 14, 2016

1 Comment

A New Target for Attacking Pancreatic Cancer

In a newly published study, Yale scientists reveal that the overexpression of a protein called renalase in pancreatic cancer plays a critical role in spurring the cancer’s growth while also providing a possible new target for attacking the tumors it helps develop. Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers, causing about 40,000 deaths annually […]

Continue reading...

Yale Researchers Track How the Brain Routes Visual Signals

March 10, 2016

0 Comments

Yale Scientists Track How Brain Routes Visual Signals

Newly published research from Yale’s Department of Neuroscience provides some clues to how cells in the visual cortex direct sensory information to different targets throughout the brain. Understanding how the brain manages to process the deluge of information about the outside world has been a daunting challenge. By imaging activity in the mouse brain, the […]

Continue reading...

Yale Study Shows Gut Bacteria Aggressively Protect Their Territory

March 8, 2016

0 Comments

Study Shows Friendly Bacteria Aggressively Protect Their Territory

A newly published study from Yale University details how human gut bacteria take on many tasks crucial to health. Bacterially speaking, it gets very crowded in the human gut, with trillions of cells jostling for a position to carry out a host of specialized and often crucial tasks. A new Yale study, published the week […]

Continue reading...

Astronomers Measure the Farthest Galaxy Ever Seen in the Universe

March 3, 2016

3 Comments

Astronomers Use Hubble to Break Cosmic Distance Record

Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have shattered the cosmic distance record by measuring the farthest galaxy ever seen in the universe. This surprisingly bright infant galaxy, named GN-z11, is seen as it was 13.4 billion years in the past, just 400 million years after the Big Bang. GN-z11 is located in the direction of […]

Continue reading...

Yale Researchers Identify Gene That Regulates the Growth of Melanoma

February 29, 2016

0 Comments

Yale Identifies Gene That Regulates the Growth of Melanoma

New research from Yale University identifies a gene in melanoma that can dramatically affect the growth of the disease. The findings, published in the journal Cell Reports, provide new insight into how melanoma grows and identifies a new target for treatment of melanoma and other cancers. Enzymes that chemically modify DNA, known as DNA methyltranferases, […]

Continue reading...

Yale Scientists Reveal Underlying Cause of Myeloma

February 11, 2016

0 Comments

Yale Scientists Discover Underlying Cause of Myeloma

Scientists from the Yale Cancer Center have identified what causes a third of all myelomas, a type of cancer affecting plasma cells. The findings, published February 10 in the New England Journal of Medicine, could fundamentally change the way this cancer and others are treated. Multiple myeloma is a cancer involving the growth of plasma […]

Continue reading...

New Yale Study Pinpoints Key Protein in Severe Vascular Disease

February 9, 2016

0 Comments

Key Protein in Severe Vascular Disease Revealed

New research from Yale University investigates factors that squeeze, or narrow, the aorta in a common vascular disease, revealing a target for potential new treatments. Individuals who suffer from supravalvular aortic stenosis, a condition characterized by narrowing of the aorta, have only one copy instead of the usual two copies of the gene encoding elastin. […]

Continue reading...

Was Frozen Mammoth or Giant Ground Sloth Served for Dinner?

February 8, 2016

0 Comments

Yale Researchers Put Prehistoric Mystery Meat to the Test

A famous dinner for scientists in the 1950s supposedly served meat from a woolly mammoth that was discovered frozen in the arctic. Yale scientists obtained a preserved sample of the meat, which DNA analysis proves is actually from a modern green sea turtle. The green sea turtle is an endangered species, so the flesh sample […]

Continue reading...

New Study Shows Even Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Harm People with HIV

February 2, 2016

1 Comment

New Study Shows Moderate Alcohol Consumption Can Harm People with HIV

A newly published study from Yale University shows that moderate alcohol consumption is more harmful to people with HIV than uninfected individuals, raising the risk of both mortality and other negative health effects. The Yale study is the first to demonstrate the increased harm among patients who have suppressed HIV with modern antiretroviral treatment (ART). […]

Continue reading...

Yale Researchers Identify Molecular Link between Obesity and Fatty Liver Disease

January 26, 2016

1 Comment

New Link between Obesity and a Common Liver Disease Discovered

The high levels of obesity in the United States contribute to fatty liver disease, the most common form of liver disease. A newly published study from Yale University identifies molecular links between the two, and points to a possible therapy. Fatty liver disease — also known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH — frequently progresses to […]

Continue reading...

Yale Engineers Devise Quantum Technology On A Chip

January 22, 2016

0 Comments

Quantum Interference in Heterogeneous Superconducting-Photonic Circuits on a Silicon Chip

Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science have devised a process of nanofabrication to create a silicon chip that contains all the components needed for a quantum information processor. The potential benefits of quantum technology are huge. Theoretically, it can complete in seconds certain tasks – like simulations of complex chemical processes […]

Continue reading...

New Yale Study Links Childbearing to Accelerated Aging

January 20, 2016

2 Comments

New Yale Study Links Childbearing to Accelerated Aging

New research from Yale University reveals the first evidence that childbearing may cause accelerated aging in women. The researchers tested 100 healthy postmenopausal women from five rural villages in southern Poland for biomarkers associated with accelerated aging. The study, conducted in partnership with researchers from Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow and the Polish Academy […]

Continue reading...