Yale University News

Scientists Reverse Type 2 Diabetes and Fatty Liver Disease

March 2, 2015

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Researchers Reverse type 2 Diabetes and Fatty Liver Disease

A newly published study reveals how scientists from Yale University developed a controlled-release oral therapy that reversed type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats. Existing therapies for type 2 diabetes, and the closely associated conditions of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), have had limited success at treating the root […]

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A Real-Time Blood Test for Cancer Tumors

February 27, 2015

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A Real-Time Blood Test for Solid Lung Cancer Tumors

A newly published study from Yale University shows that liquid biopsies offer a real-time blood test for solid lung cancer tumors. In the rapidly changing world of molecular profiling for genetic diseases, cancer researchers are increasingly optimistic about the reality of a simple blood test to monitor and treat solid tumor cancers. Recent studies show […]

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Antifreeze Protein Fights Frostbite in Mice

February 26, 2015

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Antifreeze Protein Fights Frostbite

A new study from Yale University shows that a protein that protects ticks from freezing temperatures also prevents frostbite when introduced in mice. This is the first study to demonstrate the protein’s ability to boost frostbite resistance in an adult mammal. The research was published February 25 in the journal PLOS ONE. Several animal species, […]

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New Form of Quantum Friction Observed

February 25, 2015

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Yale Physicists Discover a New Form of Quantum Friction

Physicists at Yale University have observed a new form of quantum friction that could open new avenues in the fields of nonlinear quantum optics and quantum information, where systems with multi-dimensional steady state manifolds can be used as error corrected logical qubits. The researchers have experimentally confined the state of a harmonic oscillator to the […]

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Yale Study: Climate Science Communication and the Measurement Problem

February 24, 2015

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Climate Science Literacy Unrelated to Public Acceptance of Human-Caused Global Warming

New research from Yale University shows that climate science literacy is unrelated to public acceptance of human-caused global warming. Deep public divisions over climate change are unrelated to differences in how well ordinary citizens understand scientific evidence on global warming, according to a new study published by Professor Dan Kahan. In fact, members of the […]

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Ultraviolet Radiation Continues to Damage Skin After Sun Exposure

February 20, 2015

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Ultraviolet Radiation Continues to Damage Skin in the Dark

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that much of the damage that ultraviolet radiation (UV) does to skin occurs hours after sun exposure. Much of the damage that ultraviolet radiation (UV) does to skin occurs hours after sun exposure, a team of Yale-led researchers concluded in a study that was published online February […]

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Yale Neurobiologists Discover Surprising Trigger of New Brain Cell Growth

February 19, 2015

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Researchers Find Trigger of New Brain Cell Growth

A newly published study from Yale University shows that adult hippocampal neural stem cells (NSCs) express vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 3 and its ligand VEGF-C, which activates quiescent NSCs to enter the cell cycle and generate progenitor cells. Scientists have discovered that the human brain can produce new neurons, but exactly how those […]

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Marijuana Munchies: How the Appetite Center of the Brain Responds to Marijuana

February 18, 2015

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Marijuana Munchies How the Brain Flips the Hunger Switch

A new study from Yale University observes how the appetite center of the brain responds to marijuana, revealing what drives the hunger brought about by cannabis and how that same mechanism that normally turns off feeding becomes a driver of eating. The “munchies,” or that uncontrollable urge to eat after using marijuana, appear to be […]

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Stress Slows Women’s Recovery from Acute Myocardial Infarction

February 17, 2015

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Stress Linked to Worse Recovery in Women after Heart Attack

A new study from Yale University shows that stress plays a role in the sex-based differences in recovery after acute myocardial infarction. Young and middle-aged women experience more stress than their male counterparts, which could contribute to worse recovery from acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers and […]

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Yale Study Reveals Anti-Inflammatory Mechanism of Dieting and Fasting

February 17, 2015

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Researchers Reveal Anti-Inflammatory Mechanism of Dieting and Fasting

New research from Yale University shows that a compound produced by the body when dieting or fasting can block a part of the immune system involved in several inflammatory disorders such as type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease. In their study, published in the February 16 online issue of Nature Medicine, the researchers described […]

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Barb Geometry of Asymmetrical Feathers Sheds Light on Evolution of Flight

February 11, 2015

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Feathers Shed Light on Evolution of Flight

By taking a closer look at feathers representing the evolutionary transition from dinosaurs to modern birds, Yale researchers demonstrate a better understand of how feathers facilitate flight in modern birds. The asymmetrical flight feathers of their wings are among the most distinctive features of living birds. But how are these feathers actually constructed, and when […]

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Orbital Engineering, Yale Engineers Change Electron Trajectories

February 10, 2015

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Engineers Change Electron Trajectories

In a newly published study, engineers demonstrate a novel approach to substantially modify orbital occupations and symmetries in electronically correlated oxides. How do you make nickel look and behave like copper? A team of scientists at Yale University has done just that by developing a novel technique to artificially alter a material’s atomic properties by […]

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Energy Drinks Significantly Increase Hyperactivity and Inattention in Children

February 9, 2015

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Study Shows Energy Drinks Significantly Increase Hyperactivity in Schoolchildren

New research from Yale University shows that middle-school children who consume heavily sweetened energy drinks are 66% more likely to be at risk for hyperactivity and inattention symptoms. The finding has implications for school success and lends support to existing recommendations to limit the amount of sweetened beverages schoolchildren drink. The authors also recommend that […]

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Ultrasound Can Detect Cancers Missed by Mammography

February 9, 2015

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Untapped Potential for Supplementing Mammography

New research shows that a supplementary screening with ultrasound can detect cancers missed by mammography, and reveals that women with dense breast tissue can benefit from this extra screening. The purpose of screening examinations for breast cancer is to detect tumors before they cause symptoms such as a lump, swelling or redness. Discovering tumors in […]

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Key Process in Brain Development Identified

February 6, 2015

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Yale Identifies Key Process in Brain Development

By studying miR-107 in zebrafish, Yale researchers have discovered that miR-107 plays a key role in early brain development, and perhaps in the development of brain-related disease. MicroRNA are the tiny non-coding RNA molecules that help determine whether genes are expressed or silenced. One particular microRNA — miR-107 — plays a key role in early […]

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Scientists Identify Link between Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes

February 6, 2015

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Researchers Identify Link between Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes

A newly published study led by Yale University reveals the molecular mechanism by which insulin normally inhibits production of glucose by the liver and why this process stops working in patients with type 2 diabetes, leading to hyperglycemia. The findings are published February 5 in the journal Cell. “In the study, we set out to […]

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New Research Shows Seizures Knock Out Brain Arousal Centers

February 5, 2015

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Seizures Knock Out Brain Arousal Centers

Researchers from Yale University found that during seizures the arousal centers in the brain stem are actually suppressed, leading to a loss of consciousness. People with epilepsy who experience focal seizures sometimes remain mobile but are unable to hear or respond to their environment. Yale School of Medicine researchers have discovered a surprising explanation for […]

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