Yale University News

Prehistoric Extinctions Offer Insights for Today’s Endangered Species

January 16, 2017

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Ice Age Skeletons Offers Insights for Today’s Endangered Species

New research from Yale University is using data from prehistoric extinctions to teach valuable, real-world lessons about what happens to an ecosystem when its most distinct species go extinct. Researcher Matt Davis tracked the history of some of the world’s largest mammals and the roles they played within their respective environments. The findings appear in […]

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Study Shows Aspirin Use Lowers the Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

January 9, 2017

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Aspirin Lowers Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

New research led by the Yale School of Public Health shows that regular use of aspirin lowers the risk for pancreatic cancer by almost 50 percent. Researchers studied patients with newly diagnosed pancreatic cancer at 37 Shanghai hospitals from December 2006 to January 2011. The 761 patients were interviewed in person about their use of […]

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New Yale Study Reveals That Gun Violence is a ‘Contagious’ Social Epidemic

January 9, 2017

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Yale Study Shows That Gun Violence is a ‘Contagious’ Social Epidemic

New research from Yale University reveals how gun violence spreads over social networks through a process of social contagion. Gun violence is often described as an epidemic or a public health concern, due to its alarmingly high levels in certain populations in the United States. It most often occurs within socially and economically disadvantaged minority […]

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Researchers Find a Way to Tap into Long-Lived Sound Waves in Glass

January 2, 2017

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Researchers Enhance the Lifetime of Sound Waves Traveling Through Glass

A newly published study from Yale scientists reveals how to enhance the lifetime of sound waves traveling through glass — the material at the heart of fiber optic technologies. Everyday experience tells us that glass (silica) is highly transparent. In fact, silica is one of the most transparent materials on earth. Light can propagate for […]

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Yale Scientists Track the Development of the Embryo

January 2, 2017

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Researchers Track the Development of the Embryo

Scientists at Yale University have discovered a way to track the precise bits of RNA that control the development of the embryo into trillions of specialized cells in a living animal. The new assay, tested on the genome of zebra fish, allows scientists to pinpoint function of myriad of signals activated after fertilization. “The problem […]

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A New Approach to Detecting Earth-Like Worlds

December 26, 2016

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Searching a Sea of ‘Noise’ to Find Exoplanets

Researchers from Yale University have developed a new approach to detect distant planets and refine the search for worlds similar to Earth. The new approach, outlined in a study published December 20 in The Astronomical Journal, relies on mathematical methods that have their foundations in physics research. Rather than trying to filter out the signal […]

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FDA-Approved Drug Treats a Rare Cardiac Disease

December 15, 2016

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Cancer Drug Treats Rare Cardiac Disease

New research shows that a low-dose of the FDA-approved drug dasatinib improves heart function in Noonan syndrome. About 1 in 2,500 babies born in the United States each year have Noonan syndrome (NS), a genetic disorder that results in severe heart defects, among other symptoms. A mutation in a gene called PTPN11 which encodes for […]

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Yale Study Shows Risk Avoidance in Older Adults is Related to Brain Anatomy, Not Age

December 13, 2016

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Neuroanatomy Accounts for Age-Related Changes in Risk

New research from Yale University and NYU reveals that older adults are less inclined to take risks due to changes in brain anatomy rather than age. The finding adds to scientific understanding of decision making and may lead to strategies for modifying changes in risk behavior as people age. Research has demonstrated that older adults […]

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‘NoBody’ – A Microprotein on a Mission

December 5, 2016

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NoBody, A Microprotein on a Mission

Using a technique that has revealed more than 400 new proteins too tiny to be found by other means, scientists from Yale University have helped identify a novel, functional “microprotein” encoded in the human genome. One of those microproteins, called NoBody, is a molecular workhorse involved in sweeping out unneeded genetic material inside cells. Its […]

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New Study Links Zika and Glaucoma

November 30, 2016

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Zika and Glaucoma Linked for First Time

A newly published study demonstrates for the first time that the Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants who were exposed to the virus during gestation. Exposure to the Zika virus during pregnancy causes birth defects of the central nervous system, including microcephaly. Brazilian and Yale School of Public Health researchers had reported early during […]

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New Yale Study Points to a Possible Treatment for a Rare Vascular Disease

November 29, 2016

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Study Reveals a Possible Treatment for a Rare Vascular Disease

New research from Yale University points to a possible treatment for a rare genetic disorder that affects blood vessels. In individuals with a rare genetic disorder that affects blood vessels, arteries and veins develop abnormal connections, causing bleeding in the skin, nose, and other organs. In most cases, the condition — hereditary hemorraghic telangiectasia, or […]

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Do Community Factors Affect Your Weight?

November 18, 2016

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Does Where You Live Affect What You Weigh

A newly published study from Yale University shows that community-level factors may be associated with reduced adult obesity rates in counties within states that have a high adult obesity rate. Adult obesity rates in the United States have reached epidemic proportions, with one in four people considered obese. Yet, obesity rates vary considerably across states […]

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Researchers Derive a Formula for Tracking the Flow of Quantum Information

November 17, 2016

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New Formula Tracks the Flow of Quantum Information

A team of reserchers has developed a formula for understanding where quantum objects land when they are transmitted. If objects in motion are like rainwater flowing through a gutter and landing in a puddle, then quantum objects in motion are like rainwater that might end up in a bunch of puddles, all at once. Figuring […]

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CertiKOS: A Step Toward Hacker-Resistant Operating Systems

November 14, 2016

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CertiKOS a Breakthrough Toward Hacker-Resistant Operating Systems

Researchers from Yale University have unveiled CertiKOS, the world’s first operating system that runs on multi-core processors and shields against cyber-attacks. Scientists believe this could lead to a new generation of reliable and secure systems software. Led by Zhong Shao, professor of computer science at Yale, the researchers developed an operating system that incorporates formal […]

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Electricity-Powered Molecular Catalysts May Improve Fuel Cells

November 14, 2016

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Better Catalysts Make Better Fuel Cells

A team of chemists from Yale University have developed a framework for designing electricity-powered molecular catalysts that may prove vital for a new generation of fuel cells. Also called electrocatalysts, these substances boost the rate of a chemical reaction by decreasing the energy input along the way. In fuel cells, electrocatalysts can be used to […]

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Inhibiting the AIM2 Pathway Could Potentially Limit Radiation Damage to Cells

November 11, 2016

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Study Pinpoints Protein That Detects Damage from Radiation

New research from Yale University shows that a drug that blocks or inhibits the AIM2 pathway could potentially limit the deleterious side effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy on cancer patients. High doses of radiation from cancer treatment can cause severe damage to cells and tissues, resulting in injury to bone marrow and the gastrointestinal tract. […]

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Study Shows A Widespread Disruption of Brain Activity During Absence Seizures

November 8, 2016

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Disruptions of Brain Activity in Absence Seizures

New research from Yale University shows that the entire brain is disrupted for 10 seconds or more at a time in absence seizures. Scientists believed that absence seizures — the brief loss of consciousness often mistaken for day-dreaming — was caused by a localized disruption of brain activity. A new Yale study finds the entire […]

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Scientists Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

November 7, 2016

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Researchers Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

New research on leptospirosis sheds light on how the disease causes death and reveals a potentially novel treatment. While rare in the United States, leptospirosis remains an important health threat for impoverished populations in developing countries, causing more than one million illnesses and 60,000 deaths annually. The reasons why leptospirosis causes life-threatening manifestations, such as […]

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