Yale University News

‘NoBody’ – A Microprotein on a Mission

December 5, 2016

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NoBody, A Microprotein on a Mission

Using a technique that has revealed more than 400 new proteins too tiny to be found by other means, scientists from Yale University have helped identify a novel, functional “microprotein” encoded in the human genome. One of those microproteins, called NoBody, is a molecular workhorse involved in sweeping out unneeded genetic material inside cells. Its […]

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New Study Links Zika and Glaucoma

November 30, 2016

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Zika and Glaucoma Linked for First Time

A newly published study demonstrates for the first time that the Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants who were exposed to the virus during gestation. Exposure to the Zika virus during pregnancy causes birth defects of the central nervous system, including microcephaly. Brazilian and Yale School of Public Health researchers had reported early during […]

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New Yale Study Points to a Possible Treatment for a Rare Vascular Disease

November 29, 2016

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Study Reveals a Possible Treatment for a Rare Vascular Disease

New research from Yale University points to a possible treatment for a rare genetic disorder that affects blood vessels. In individuals with a rare genetic disorder that affects blood vessels, arteries and veins develop abnormal connections, causing bleeding in the skin, nose, and other organs. In most cases, the condition — hereditary hemorraghic telangiectasia, or […]

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Do Community Factors Affect Your Weight?

November 18, 2016

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Does Where You Live Affect What You Weigh

A newly published study from Yale University shows that community-level factors may be associated with reduced adult obesity rates in counties within states that have a high adult obesity rate. Adult obesity rates in the United States have reached epidemic proportions, with one in four people considered obese. Yet, obesity rates vary considerably across states […]

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Researchers Derive a Formula for Tracking the Flow of Quantum Information

November 17, 2016

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New Formula Tracks the Flow of Quantum Information

A team of reserchers has developed a formula for understanding where quantum objects land when they are transmitted. If objects in motion are like rainwater flowing through a gutter and landing in a puddle, then quantum objects in motion are like rainwater that might end up in a bunch of puddles, all at once. Figuring […]

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CertiKOS: A Step Toward Hacker-Resistant Operating Systems

November 14, 2016

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CertiKOS a Breakthrough Toward Hacker-Resistant Operating Systems

Researchers from Yale University have unveiled CertiKOS, the world’s first operating system that runs on multi-core processors and shields against cyber-attacks. Scientists believe this could lead to a new generation of reliable and secure systems software. Led by Zhong Shao, professor of computer science at Yale, the researchers developed an operating system that incorporates formal […]

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Electricity-Powered Molecular Catalysts May Improve Fuel Cells

November 14, 2016

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Better Catalysts Make Better Fuel Cells

A team of chemists from Yale University have developed a framework for designing electricity-powered molecular catalysts that may prove vital for a new generation of fuel cells. Also called electrocatalysts, these substances boost the rate of a chemical reaction by decreasing the energy input along the way. In fuel cells, electrocatalysts can be used to […]

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Inhibiting the AIM2 Pathway Could Potentially Limit Radiation Damage to Cells

November 11, 2016

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Study Pinpoints Protein That Detects Damage from Radiation

New research from Yale University shows that a drug that blocks or inhibits the AIM2 pathway could potentially limit the deleterious side effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy on cancer patients. High doses of radiation from cancer treatment can cause severe damage to cells and tissues, resulting in injury to bone marrow and the gastrointestinal tract. […]

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Study Shows A Widespread Disruption of Brain Activity During Absence Seizures

November 8, 2016

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Disruptions of Brain Activity in Absence Seizures

New research from Yale University shows that the entire brain is disrupted for 10 seconds or more at a time in absence seizures. Scientists believed that absence seizures — the brief loss of consciousness often mistaken for day-dreaming — was caused by a localized disruption of brain activity. A new Yale study finds the entire […]

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Scientists Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

November 7, 2016

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Researchers Identify Potential Treatment for Fatal Leptospirosis

New research on leptospirosis sheds light on how the disease causes death and reveals a potentially novel treatment. While rare in the United States, leptospirosis remains an important health threat for impoverished populations in developing countries, causing more than one million illnesses and 60,000 deaths annually. The reasons why leptospirosis causes life-threatening manifestations, such as […]

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Yale Engineers Advance Quantum Technology With Photon Control

November 1, 2016

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Advancing Quantum Technology With Photon Control

Engineers from Yale University have developed a new technique to control the frequency of single photons. The ability to control the frequency of single photons is crucial to realize the potential of quantum communications and quantum computing. The current methods for changing photon frequency, however, bring with them significant drawbacks. Researchers in the lab of […]

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Yale Develops New Gene Editing Strategy to Correct Mutations

October 26, 2016

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New Gene Editing Strategy to Correct Mutations

Using a new gene editing strategy, researchers from Yale University can correct mutations that cause thalassemia, a form of anemia. Their gene editing technique provided corrections to the mutations and alleviated the disease in mice, the researchers said. The finding could lead to studies of a similar gene therapy to treat people with inherited blood […]

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New Study Shows Resistance to Cancer Drugs Runs Deeper Than a Single Gene

October 20, 2016

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Resistance to Cancer Drugs Runs Deeper Than a Single Gene

A new study from Yale University shows that resistance to cancer drugs runs deeper than a single gene. Searching for more individual genes to predict responses to breast cancer therapy may not work, a new study suggests. Instead, scientists and clinicians need to pay attention to abnormalities in networks of genes, Yale researchers report in […]

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Heme Molecule May Be The Key To More Effficient Batteries

October 19, 2016

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Lithium-Oxygen (Li-O2) Batteries

New research from Yale University shows that a molecule that transports oxygen in blood could be key to developing the next generation of batteries. Lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries have emerged in recent years as a possible successor to lithium-ion batteries — the industry standard for consumer electronics — due to their potential for holding a charge […]

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STEP Protein Linked to Alzheimer’s May Also Play a Role in Schizophrenia

October 18, 2016

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Protein linked to Alzheimer’s May Also Play a Role in Schizophrenia

New research from Yale University shows that an increase in the STEP (STriatal-Enriched protein tyrosine Phosphatase) protein leads to a disruption of synaptic function and contributes to cognitive disorders. A specific protein implicated in the cognitive decline of Alzheimer’s disease also appears to play a role in genetic predisposition to schizophrenia, meaning that a drug […]

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Yale Researchers Reveal Genes Behind Aggressive Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

October 11, 2016

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Researchers Find Genes Behind Aggressive Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers

Researchers from Yale University have defined the genetic landscape of rare, highly aggressive tumors called carcinosarcomas, pointing the way to possible new treatments. The findings are published in the early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Endometrial and ovarian cancers are the most prevalent gynecologic tumors in women, with over 76,160 newly […]

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Yale Engineers Develop A New Chip That Could Advance Quantum Technology

October 5, 2016

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New Chip Could Advance Quantum Technology

Yale engineers have developed a new device that converts visible light to infrared light suitable for fiber-optic transmission without destroying the light’s quantum state. The lab of Hong Tang, Llewellyn West Jones, Jr. Professor of Electrical Engineering & Physics, has developed a device that converts visible light to infrared light, a crucial step in building […]

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Researchers Identify a New Way to Suppress Lung Tumors

October 3, 2016

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A New Way to Suppress Lung Tumors

A team of researchers has identified a new blocking mechanism that acts more like a dimmer switch and potently inhibits lung tumor cell growth. Lung cancer cell growth depends on certain proteins that require the addition of sugar molecule chains to become active. Scientists have long thought that the addition of these sugar chains is […]

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