Yale University News

Dragonfly 44 – A Massive Galaxy That Consists Almost Entirely of Dark Matter

August 25, 2016

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Galaxy Dragonfly 44

An international team of astronomers has discovered a massive galaxy that consists almost entirely of dark matter. The galaxy, Dragonfly 44, is located in the nearby Coma constellation and had been overlooked until last year because of its unusual composition: It is a diffuse “blob” about the size of the Milky Way, but with far […]

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New Reserach Reveals How Zika Virus Causes Fetal Brain Damage

August 24, 2016

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Yale Reserachers Discover How Zika Virus Causes Fetal Brain Damage

In a newly published study, researchers from Yale University report that infection by the Zika virus diverts a key protein necessary for neural cell division in the developing human fetus, thereby causing the birth defect microcephaly. The findings suggest that Zika virus might be susceptible to existing antiviral drugs that may prevent disruption to the […]

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Yale Scientists Discover a New Therapy for a Chronic Brain Disease

August 23, 2016

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Yale Biologists Uncover Marker for a Chronic Brain Disease

Yale scientists have discovered a new and effective therapy for cerebral cavernous malformations. A team of researchers led by Yale professor of pathology Wang Min have pinpointed a marker that contributes to a chronic condition affecting the brain. Known as cerebral cavernous malformations, the condition is characterized by a tangle of capillaries in the brain’s […]

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Study Suggests Habitable Zone Alone Isn’t Sufficient to Support Life

August 22, 2016

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Planetary Habitability Depends on Internal Planet Temperature

New research from Yale University suggests that simply being in the habitable zone isn’t sufficient to support life. A planet also must start with an internal temperature that is just right. The search for habitable, alien worlds needs to make room for a second “Goldilocks,” according to a Yale University researcher. For decades, it has […]

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New Yale Research Reveals Insights into Alcoholic Liver Disease

August 11, 2016

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New Insights into Alcoholic Liver Disease

A team of researchers at the Yale School of Public Health has identified a novel mechanism that protects the liver against the accumulation of fats and may represent a promising new therapeutic approach for treating and/or preventing alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and other fatty liver diseases. Professor Vasilis Vasiliou, chair of the Department of Environmental […]

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Yale Researchers Cross the “Break Even” Point in Preserving a Bit of Quantum Information

July 21, 2016

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Researchers Cross the Break Even Point in Preserving Quantum Information

Using a novel system to encode, spot errors, decode, and correct errors in a quantum bit, researchers at Yale University have developed a device that lengthens the life of quantum information. For the first time, researchers at Yale have crossed the “break even” point in preserving a bit of quantum information for longer than the […]

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Yale Scientists Recode Organisms to Resist Viral Contamination

July 18, 2016

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Scientists Recode Organisms to Resist Viral Contamination

Scientists from Yale University have discovered a novel way to combat viral contamination of bio-factories that produce a growing number of drugs, chemicals, and fuels. The new method involves recoding organisms to stop horizontal transfer of genes — which viruses use to infect and hijack cellular machinery to reproduce. The study is published in the […]

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A New Design Strategy for Better Lithium Oxygen Batteries

July 12, 2016

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Yale Engineers Charging Toward Better Lithium Oxygen Batteries

Yale researchers have devised a method that brings marketable Li-O2 batteries closer to reality, improving both the batteries’ performance and the ability to study them. In recent years, lithium-oxygen batteries have intrigued researchers with their potential. They can store at least two to three times the energy as lithium-ion batteries can, which are the current standard […]

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Hitomi Mission Discovers a Quiet Space in the Perseus Cluster

July 7, 2016

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Hitomi Finds Quiet Space in the Heart of the Perseus Cluster

The Hitomi X-ray Observatory has discovered something quite serene: calm at the heart of the Perseus cluster. Scientists from the international Hitomi mission report July 6 in the journal Nature that a “remarkably quiescent atmosphere” exists at the heart of the Perseus cluster, located in the constellation Perseus. The new information, obtained with an innovative […]

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Yale Engineers Turn Wasted Heat Into Power

July 1, 2016

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Researchers Turn Wasted Heat Into Power

Yale University engineers have developed a new technology that makes energy from the low-temperature wasted heat produced by industrial sources and power plants. It is estimated that recoverable waste heat in the U.S. alone could power tens of millions of homes. Although existing technologies can reuse high-temperature heat or convert it to electricity, it is […]

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Yale Study Reveals How a Cancer Gene Promotes Tumor Growth

June 27, 2016

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How a Cancer Gene Promotes Tumor Growth

A new discovery by Yale researchers may help lead to individualized treatments for lung cancer and other types of cancer. A Yale-led study describes how a known cancer gene, EGFR, silences genes that typically suppress tumors. The finding, published in Cell Reports, may lead to the development of more effective, individualized treatment for patients with […]

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How Altered Gut Microbes Cause Obesity

June 13, 2016

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New Research Reveals How Altered Gut Microbes Cause Obesity

New research from Yale University details how altered gut microbiota causes obesity. Obesity is linked to changes in our gut microbes — the trillions of tiny organisms that inhabit our intestines. But the mechanism has not been clear. In a new study published in Nature, a Yale-led team of researchers has identified how an altered […]

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Physicists Amplify Light Using Sound on a Silicon Chip

June 13, 2016

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Scientists Amplify Light Using Sound on a Silicon Chip

A team of physicists has discovered a way to greatly boost the intensity of light waves on a silicon microchip using the power of sound. In a study to be published in the journal Nature Photonics, a team led by Peter Rakich describes a new waveguide system that harnesses the ability to precisely control the […]

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Yale Study Shows Surprising Link Between Constipation and Herpes Infection

June 9, 2016

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Surprising Link Between Constipation and Herpes Infection

New research from Yale University shows a surprising link between constipation and herpes infection. The new research, published June 8 in Cell Host & Microbe, advances the science on herpes, and could help patients with chronic gastrointestinal diseases with no clear cause. Individuals with herpes have reported seemingly unrelated symptoms such as constipation and urinary […]

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Astronomers Observe Supermassive Black Hole Feeding on Cold Gas

June 8, 2016

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MIT Astronomers Observe Supermassive Black Hole Feeding on Cold Gas

A newly published study details the first direct evidence to support the hypothesis that black holes feed on clouds of cold gas. At the center of a galaxy cluster, 1 billion light years from Earth, a voracious, supermassive black hole is preparing for a chilly feast. For the first time, astronomers have detected billowy clouds […]

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Researchers Identify the Molecular Pathways Involved in the Aging of Human Eggs

June 8, 2016

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Yale Researchers Identify the Molecular Pathways Involved in the Aging of Human Eggs

Researchers from the Yale School of Medicine have identified the molecular pathways involved in the aging of human eggs; which could eventually lead to treatments to correct age-related damage and improve fertility in women age 40 and older. Published in the June 6 issue of the journal Molecular Human Reproduction, the study examined the sharp […]

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New Combination Therapy Cures Tick-Borne Illness in Mice

June 6, 2016

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New Therapy Cures Tick-Borne Illness in Mice

Yale researchers have developed a new therapy that cures the emerging infectious disease, babesiosis, which is transmitted by the same ticks that transmit the agents of Lyme disease. This “radical” therapy not only clears the infection but also prevents the recurrence that often occurs with existing treatments. The study was published online June 6 in […]

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Study Shows MRI Detects Early Signs of Schizophrenia

June 3, 2016

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MRI Detects Early Signs of Schizophrenia

A new study from Yale University shows that an MRI can detect early signs of schizophrenia in a rodent model. Patients with schizophrenia often exhibit early signs of behavioral abnormalities. However, changes in the brain underlying these behavioral signs have not been identified. Applying magnetic resonance scanning techniques that are used in humans, Yale researchers […]

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