Yale University News

Study Shows Low level Drinking Not Associated with Higher Risk of Poor Birth Outcomes

November 24, 2014

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Low Level Drinking Not Associated with Higher Risk of Birth Defects

Newly published research shows that low to moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of specific birth outcomes and measures of fetal growth. Heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy has long been linked to a range of developmental problems and birth defects including fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), low birth weight, and […]

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Research Shows There is a Medical Benefit to Reducing D2B Time

November 20, 2014

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Doctors Reduce Time it Takes to Treat Emergency Heart Patients

Newly published research reveals that doctors and emergency medical personnel have reduced the amount of time it takes to treat emergency heart patients, and shows that advances in quality of care in terms of timely treatment is very importantly linked with survival after heart attacks. The retrospective study, published online in the journal Lancet, solves […]

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Discovery Hints at New Strategy for Fighting HIV

November 19, 2014

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New Strategy for Fighting HIV

Researchers from Yale University have discovered an immune system reaction that may open a new avenue in the fight against HIV. The discovery of the innate immunity system’s role in mobilizing the body’s defenses against invading microorganisms has been long studied at Yale. Now in the November 17 issue of the journal Nature Immunology, Yale […]

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Yale Researchers Develop Method to Attack Cancer at Its Source

November 18, 2014

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Yale Develops Method to Attack Cancer at Its Genetic Source

A team of researchers at Yale University has developed a therapeutic molecule that both targets the acidic microenvironments of tumors and penetrates cells to deliver a therapeutic cargo. MicroRNAs may be tiny — as few as 20 genetic letters, compared to 3 billion in the DNA of a human — but they play a major […]

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American Obesity Costs the Nation Billions in Lost Productivity

November 14, 2014

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Obesity Costs the USA Billions in Lost Productivity

A new study from Yale University provides state-level estimates of obesity-attributable costs of absenteeism among working adults in the United States, finding that the total national loss in productivity because of obesity-related absenteeism is roughly $8.65 billion per year. Obesity is associated with significant increases in absenteeism among American workers and costs the nation over […]

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Muscle Mass and Chronic Kidney Disease

November 10, 2014

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Muscle Mass is Not an Accurate a Predictor of Chronic Kidney Disease

A newly published study from Yale University reveals that muscle mass is not as accurate a predictor of chronic kidney disease outcomes as previously thought. In a study published online by the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, researchers looked at data from 3,604 patients with chronic kidney disease. They checked for an […]

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Noninvasive Technique Measures Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

November 4, 2014

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Laser Technique Measures Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Skin

A new noninvasive technique objectively measures fruit and vegetable consumption, helping nutritionists and medical professionals measure and improve the diets of children and adults. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables is linked to a variety of improved health outcomes, but accurately measuring consumption by self-report, especially with children, is challenging and can be of […]

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Low Atmospheric Oxygen Levels Delayed Rise of Animals

October 31, 2014

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Low Oxygen Levels Delayed the Appearance of Animals on Earth

A new study reveals that oxygen levels during the “boring billion” period were only 0.1% of what they are today, providing the first evidence that oxygen levels were low enough during this period to potentially prevent the rise of animals. Geologists are letting the air out of a nagging mystery about the development of animal […]

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Astronomers Discover a Low-Mass Planet with a Highly Inconsistent Orbit

October 30, 2014

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PH3c A Low Mass Planet with a Highly Inconsistent Orbit

Yale astronomers and the Planet Hunter program have discovered a low-mass, low-density planet that has a highly inconsistent orbit time around its sun. The new planet, called PH3c, is located 2,300 light years from Earth and has an atmosphere loaded with hydrogen and helium. The elusive orb nearly avoided detection. This is because PH3c has […]

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Molecular Map Pinpoints Genetic Variants of Autoimmune Diseases

October 30, 2014

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New Molecular Map Reveals Genetic Origins of Autoimmune Diseases

Researchers have developed a molecular map that pinpoints genetic variants that play a role in 21 different autoimmune diseases, providing new insight into the cause of multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases. Researchers at Yale, the University of California-San Francisco (UCSF), and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard developed a sophisticated mathematical model and […]

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Targeted Isolation May Be the Most Effective Way to Reduce Transmission of Ebola

October 28, 2014

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Isolation May Be the Most Effective Way to Reduce Transmission of Ebola

New research led by the Yale School of Public Health shows that isolating 75% of infected individuals in critical condition within four days of symptom onset has a high chance of eliminating the spread of Ebola. Isolating the most severely ill Ebola patients before the fifth day of their illness may be the most effective […]

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Astronomers Measure the Size and Structure of a Nova’s Nuclear Blast

October 28, 2014

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Astronomers Measure the Size and Structure of a Novas Nuclear Blast

For the first time, a team of astronomers has measured the size and structure of a nova’s nuclear blast as it happened. The discovery of Nova Delphini 2013, along with the data collected about it, could well sharpen or reshape our understanding of the nature of such blasts. The research appears online in the journal […]

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Yale Scientists Reveal Ebola Epidemic in Africa Poised to Explode

October 24, 2014

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Yale Study Shows Ebola Epidemic in Africa Poised to Explode

An international team of scientists has developed a new mathematical transmission model of the Ebola disease and applied it to Liberia’s most populous county, revealing that tens of thousands of new Ebola cases and deaths are likely by December 15 if the epidemic continues on its present course. The Ebola virus disease epidemic already devastating […]

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Chip-Scale Device Enables Yale Engineers to ‘See Without Looking’

October 20, 2014

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Yale Engineers Develop a Chip Scale Device That Uses Interaction Free Measurement

Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science have developed a chip-scale device that uses the wave-particle duality of single photons to sense the presence of an object without interacting with it – a technique known as “interaction-free measurement.” “Our device uses silicon photonics to create interaction-free measurement on an integrated chip—something previously […]

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