Yale University News

Take Time to Protect Your Kids’ Skin Now, It Could Prevent Cancer Later

July 31, 2015

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Protecting Kids’ Skin Now Can Prevent Cancer Later

Dermatologists stress that protecting your children from the sun now can help prevent cancer later. More parents appear to be vigilant about protecting their children from the sun’s harmful rays—at least at Yale Dermatology-Middlebury where Brittany Craiglow, M.D. practices. Many parents tell Dr. Craiglow they’ve started applying sunscreen so early in their children’s lives that […]

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What the World Thinks of Climate Change: Predictors of Public Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception

July 27, 2015

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Study Reveals Predictors of Public Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception

A newly published study reveals for the first time what the world thinks about climate change and why. The study shows major contrast in awareness between developed and developing countries. Using data from the 2007-2008 Gallup World Poll, conducted in 119 countries, an international team of researchers identified the factors that most influence climate change […]

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Yale Scientists Reveal ‘Major Player’ in Skin Cancer Genes

July 27, 2015

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NF1 Identified as Major Player in Skin Caner Genes

Researchers from Yale University have confirmed that a gene known as NF1 is a “major player” in the development of skin cancer. A multidisciplinary team at Yale, led by Yale Cancer Center members, has defined a subgroup of genetic mutations that are present in a significant number of melanoma skin cancer cases. Their findings shed […]

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The Impact of Cosmic Wind on Galaxy Evolution

July 27, 2015

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Hubble Image of a Spiral Galaxy in the Coma Cluster

A newly published study from Yale University gives astronomers a clearer view of how powerful cosmic winds can blow through galaxies, sweeping out interstellar material and stopping future star formation. A Yale University analysis of one such event in a nearby galaxy provides an unprecedented look at the process. The research is described in the […]

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Researchers Develop a New Device for Studying Changes in T Cells

July 22, 2015

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New Device Tracks Changes in T Cells

Scientists at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a passive-flow microfluidic device for imaging latent HIV activation dynamics in single T cells. While studying latent HIV cells, researchers in the laboratory of Prof. Kathryn Miller-Jensen have developed a device that could make it a lot easier to track changes in cells […]

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Yale Study Shows T Cell Lymphoma Caused by Gene Deletions

July 21, 2015

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Study Shows T Cell Lymphoma Caused by Unusually Large Number of Gene Deletions

A newly published study from Yale University shows that a deadly form of T cell lymphoma is caused by an unusually large number of gene deletions, making it distinct among cancers. Researchers conducted a genomic analysis of normal and cancer cells from patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, a cancer of T-cells of the immune system […]

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Yale Researchers Successfully Treat Eczema with Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug

July 20, 2015

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Yale Researchers Successfully Treat Eczema with Arthritis Drug

A team of scientists at Yale University used a rheumatoid arthritis drug to successfully treated patients with moderate to severe eczema. The same rheumatoid arthritis drug (tofacitinib citrate) has recently shown to reverse two other disfiguring skin conditions, vitiligo and alopecia areata. The research findings are published early online in the Journal of the American […]

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New Stem Cell Study May Lead to New Drug Targets for Autism Treatment

July 17, 2015

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New Stem Cell Study Could Help Predict ASD

Using stem cells generated from skin biopsies of four patients with ASD, researchers from Yale University grew the stem cells into three-dimensional simulated miniature human brains to compare gene expression between the patients and their family members. A larger head size — or macrocephaly — is seen in many children with severe autism spectrum disorder […]

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Yale Study Links Climate Change to the Decline of Bumblebee Species

July 10, 2015

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New Yale Study Tracks the Impact of Climate Change on Bumblebees

A newly published study from Yale University links climate change to the decline of bumblebee species in North America and Europe. The study, published in the journal Science, found that bumblebee ranges are shrinking in the south and the insects are not moving north. In addition, some species are moving to higher elevations on both […]

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Massive Black Hole Outgrows Its Galaxy, Measures Nearly 7 Billion Solar Masses

July 10, 2015

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Massive Black Hole Outgrows Its Galaxy CID-947

A team of scientists has discovered a black hole in the early universe that grew much faster than its host galaxy, resulting in a gigantic black hole within a normal-size galaxy. The discovery runs counter to most observations about black holes, which are massive areas of space with extraordinarily strong gravity that can pull in […]

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New Timescale Firmly Implicates Volcanic Eruptions as the Dominant Drivers of Past Climate Variability

July 9, 2015

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Volcanic Eruptions Linked to Centuries of Cold Temperatures

A newly published study resolves the inconsistencies in the timing of atmospheric volcanic aerosol loading determined from ice cores and subsequent cooling from climate proxies such as tree rings and shows that large eruptions in the tropics and high latitudes were primary drivers of interannual-to-decadal temperature variability in the Northern Hemisphere during the past 2,500 […]

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Researchers One Step Closer to Developing Better Vaccines

July 7, 2015

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Researchers Reveal a New Role for T Cells

Scientists from Yale University have uncovered a new role for regulatory T cells, moving them one step closer to developing vaccines that could be more protective against some of the most intractable viral infections, including HIV and flu. For the study, published in Nature Immunology, researchers Brian Laidlaw, Dr. Joseph Craft, and Dr. Susan M. […]

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Yale Study Reveals Why BRCA Gene Resists Cancer Treatment

July 3, 2015

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New Discovery Reveals Why BRCA Gene Resists Cancer Treatment

A newly published study from Yale University reveals how biochemists might be able to decrease drug resistance to existing therapies that target ovarian and breast cancer. Yale University researchers have discovered why a key molecular assistant is crucial to the function of the BRCA2 gene, which in some mutant forms can lead to ovarian and […]

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Lysosomes May Contribute to Alzheimer’s Disease

June 30, 2015

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Lysosomes May Contribute to Alzheimer's

New research from Yale University shows lysosomes, the “garbage disposal” systems of cells, can fail and perhaps contribute to Alzheimer’s disease. Lysosomes, the “garbage disposal” systems of cells, are found in great abundance near the amyloid plaques in the brain that are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists have long assumed that their presence was […]

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Overuse of Medical Services Increases Healthcare Costs

June 29, 2015

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Is Healthcare Taking Advantage of You

Are doctors running the bill up on you? A new study from Yale University shows that a key factor to increased healthcare costs is overuse of medical services. As the cost of health care in the United States continues to rise, a new study by Yale researchers offers insight into a key factor influencing increased […]

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Study Shows Muscle Contraction May Contribute to Stroke Damage

June 29, 2015

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New Research Shows Muscle Contraction May Contribute to Stroke Damage

The precise regulation of cerebral blood flow is critical for normal brain function, and its disruption underlies many neuropathologies. Using optical imaging, researchers from Yale University found that capillary pericytes in mice and humans do not express smooth muscle actin and are morphologically and functionally distinct from adjacent precapillary smooth muscle cells (SMCs). An investigation […]

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Study Shows Arthritis Drug Restores Skin Color for Vitiligo Patients

June 26, 2015

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Arthritis Drug Restores Skin Color in Vitiligo Patients

New research from Yale University demonstrates the effectiveness of tofacitinib for treating vitiligo. After five months of treatment, the white spots on the patients face and hands were nearly gone and tofacitinib caused no adverse side effects during the course of treatment. shows that Within two months of treatment, the patient experienced partial repigmentation on […]

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Researchers Show How Mechanical Forces Affect Cell Function

June 16, 2015

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Researchers Show Mechanical Forces Role in Cell Function

New research from Yale University reveals how mechanical forces play an integral part in cell function. Nuclear membranes protect genes — life’s most precious cargo — but little is known about why they function in different tissue types. For instance, nuclei in brain cells tend to be soft and pliable while those in bone cells […]

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