Yale University News

Astronomers Discover a Low-Mass Planet with a Highly Inconsistent Orbit

October 30, 2014

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PH3c A Low Mass Planet with a Highly Inconsistent Orbit

Yale astronomers and the Planet Hunter program have discovered a low-mass, low-density planet that has a highly inconsistent orbit time around its sun. The new planet, called PH3c, is located 2,300 light years from Earth and has an atmosphere loaded with hydrogen and helium. The elusive orb nearly avoided detection. This is because PH3c has […]

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Molecular Map Pinpoints Genetic Variants of Autoimmune Diseases

October 30, 2014

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New Molecular Map Reveals Genetic Origins of Autoimmune Diseases

Researchers have developed a molecular map that pinpoints genetic variants that play a role in 21 different autoimmune diseases, providing new insight into the cause of multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases. Researchers at Yale, the University of California-San Francisco (UCSF), and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard developed a sophisticated mathematical model and […]

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Targeted Isolation May Be the Most Effective Way to Reduce Transmission of Ebola

October 28, 2014

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Isolation May Be the Most Effective Way to Reduce Transmission of Ebola

New research led by the Yale School of Public Health shows that isolating 75% of infected individuals in critical condition within four days of symptom onset has a high chance of eliminating the spread of Ebola. Isolating the most severely ill Ebola patients before the fifth day of their illness may be the most effective […]

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Astronomers Measure the Size and Structure of a Nova’s Nuclear Blast

October 28, 2014

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Astronomers Measure the Size and Structure of a Novas Nuclear Blast

For the first time, a team of astronomers has measured the size and structure of a nova’s nuclear blast as it happened. The discovery of Nova Delphini 2013, along with the data collected about it, could well sharpen or reshape our understanding of the nature of such blasts. The research appears online in the journal […]

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Yale Scientists Reveal Ebola Epidemic in Africa Poised to Explode

October 24, 2014

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Yale Study Shows Ebola Epidemic in Africa Poised to Explode

An international team of scientists has developed a new mathematical transmission model of the Ebola disease and applied it to Liberia’s most populous county, revealing that tens of thousands of new Ebola cases and deaths are likely by December 15 if the epidemic continues on its present course. The Ebola virus disease epidemic already devastating […]

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Chip-Scale Device Enables Yale Engineers to ‘See Without Looking’

October 20, 2014

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Yale Engineers Develop a Chip Scale Device That Uses Interaction Free Measurement

Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science have developed a chip-scale device that uses the wave-particle duality of single photons to sense the presence of an object without interacting with it – a technique known as “interaction-free measurement.” “Our device uses silicon photonics to create interaction-free measurement on an integrated chip—something previously […]

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Antifreeze Protein in Ticks Could Lead to New Antibiotics for Humans

October 17, 2014

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Tick Protein Inspires New Class of Antibiotics

Scientists from Yale University have discovered that an antifreeze protein in ticks that kicks in during winter can also fights infection, possibly leading to a new class of antibiotics for humans. A protein in ticks that protects them against the cold could inspire a new class of antibiotics for humans, according to a Yale University […]

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Yale Study Shows Siblings of Children with Autism Can Show Signs at 18 Months

October 16, 2014

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Siblings With Autism Can Show Early Signs

A new study from Yale University found that younger siblings of children with ASD showed symptoms as early as 18 months old, reinforcing the need for repeated diagnostic screening in the first three years of life to identify individual cases of ASD as soon as behavioral symptoms are apparent. About 20% of younger siblings of […]

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Study Finds Stimulant Use Increases by 30% During the School Year

October 14, 2014

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Research Shows Stimulant Use Increases by 30 Percent During the School Year

New research from Yale, NYU and the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows that students are 30% more likely to take a stimulant medication during the school year than they are to take one during the summer. The authors found that school-year increases in stimulant use are largest for children from socioeconomically advantaged families. Because many children […]

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Yale Biologists Describe DNA’s Security System

October 13, 2014

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Surveillance of Nuclear Pore Complex Assembly

In a newly published study, Yale biologists and colleagues describe a key quality control mechanism that protects new cells from inheriting defective nuclear pore complexes. As befitting life’s blueprint, DNA is surrounded by an elaborate security system that assures crucial information is imparted without error. The security is provided by a double membrane perforated by […]

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Researchers Uncover Molecular Process in the Brain that Transforms White Fat into Brown Fat

October 10, 2014

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Researchers Uncover Molecular Process that Transforms White Fat into Brown Fat

Yale scientists uncover how a molecular process in the brain that known to control eating transforms white fat into brown fat, impacting how much energy we burn and how much weight we can lose. The results are published in the October 9 issue of the journal Cell. Obesity is a rising global epidemic. Excess fatty […]

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Researchers Detail the Structure and Dynamics of the HIV Spike Protein

October 9, 2014

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Scientists Capture Images of the Protein HIV Uses to Infect Cells

In two newly published studies, researchers detail the structure and dynamics of the HIV spike protein, which is used by the virus uses to fuse with and enter cells. HIV is adept at eluding immune system responses because the protein it uses to infect cells is constantly changing. Now a team of researchers including scientists […]

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