COVID-19 World Map: 1,914,916 Confirmed Cases; 207 Countries; 123,010 Deaths

COVID-19 Coronavirus Map April 15

Coronavirus World Map: Distribution of COVID-19 cases as of April 15, 2020. Credit: WHO

Note: There is now a newer Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Situation Report 87.

WHO Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Situation Report 86

  • No new country/territory/area reported cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours.
  • WHO has published the updated strategy for tackling the COVID-19 pandemic. The document translates what we have learned so far about the virus into strategic action and will frame the next iteration of the Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan, due in the coming weeks. More details can be found here.
  • The first UN solidarity flight has departed Addis Ababa carrying vital COVID-19 medical supplies to African nations. WHO cargo includes one million face masks, as well as personal protective equipment, which will be enough to protect health workers and treat more than 30,000 patients, and laboratory supplies to support surveillance and detection. Information is available here.
  • PAHO Director, Dr. Carissa Etienne, calls for “extreme caution” when transitioning to more flexible social distancing measures. Her speech is available here.
  • There is no evidence that oral poliovirus vaccine protects people against infection with COVID-19 virus. A clinical trial is planned in the USA, and WHO will evaluate the evidence when it is available. Greater details are available here.
  • WHO continues to provide timely and accurate information, in a world where we have an overabundance of information, some accurate and some not. For more, see ‘Subject in Focus’ below.

Risk Assessment

Global Level: Very High

Coronavirus Situation in Numbers

Globally

  • 1,914,916 confirmed cases (70,082 new)
  • 123,010 deaths (5,989 new)

European Region

  • 977,596 confirmed cases (34,324 new)
  • 84,607 deaths (3,895 new)

Regions of the Americas

  • 673,361 confirmed cases (28,404 new)
  • 27,336 deaths (1,785 new)

Western Pacific Region

  • 124,204 confirmed cases (1,399 new)
  • 4,201 deaths (40 new)

Eastern Mediterranean Region

  • 107,389 confirmed cases (3,751 new)
  • 5,395 deaths (140 new)

South-East Asia

  • 20,287 confirmed cases (1,624 new)
  • 936 deaths (107 new)

African Region

  • 11,367 confirmed cases (580 new)
  • 523 deaths (22 new)

Subject in Focus: Providing Timely and Accurate Information to Dispel the ‘Infodemic’

An infodemic is an over-abundance of information, some accurate and some not that makes it hard for people to find trustworthy sources and reliable guidance when they need it. It poses a serious problem for public health since people need this guidance to know what actions to take to protect themselves and others, and help mitigate the impact of a disease. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the infodemic is exacerbated by the global scale of the emergency, and propagated by the interconnected way that information is disseminated and consumed through social media platforms and other channels. While the infodemic is a major challenge to outbreak response, it presents an opportunity to identify and adapt new preparedness and response tools.

The COVID-19 infodemic spans four major thematic areas where people look for trustworthy information and where there is misinformation and rumors: the cause and origin of the virus and disease; its symptoms and transmission patterns; available treatments, prophylactics, and cures; and the effectiveness and impact of interventions by health authorities or other institutions.

WHO has been managing the infodemic through a wide range of methods such as timely and accurate technical guidance, scientific briefs and situation reports, regular press conferences, educational videos, and trainings, “myth-busters,” active engagement on social media platforms and tailored guidance for key sectors such as healthcare, food and agriculture and travel and tourism, among others.

On April 7 and 8, the WHO Information Network for Epidemics (EPI-WIN) held a two-day, global, online consultation on managing the COVID-19 infodemic. The consultation gathered ideas from an interdisciplinary group of experts and 1,375 webinar participants. Over 500 ideas were also submitted through an online interactive forum. These ideas will form the basis of a COVID-19 infodemic framework to guide actions of governments and public health institutions, and will be made available in the coming days.

The framework will be built around four key principles:

  1. Interventions and messages must be based on science and evidence.
  2. This knowledge should be translated into actionable, behavior-changing messages, presented in ways that are accessible to all sectors of all societies.
  3. Governments should reach out to key communities to understand their concerns and information needs, to better tailor advice and messages that can help these communities address their audiences.
  4. Strategic partnerships should be formed with social media and technology platforms and stakeholders, along with other relevant stakeholders such as those in academia and civil society.

The consultation highlighted clear themes and needs that will be further developed in the framework. They include, but are not limited to:

  • The need for (a) international coordination of the response to the infodemic, even around such basic issues as terminology; and (b) coordinated and integrated methods to manage the flow of information for maximum positive impact. To fill these gaps, an overview and understanding of the distribution and sharing of information is crucial.
  • Public trust in the health authority and other relevant authorities is essential to mitigate the negative impact of an infodemic. In order to build and sustain trust, public health agencies and other authorities need to be transparent about developments as they unfold.
  • Health education and health literacy are important to help people receive and act on reliable information.
  • Resilience to misinformation depends on strong digital and health literacy. To facilitate this, authorities could run information campaigns on how to convey accurate information, in a similar way that they promote personal hygiene.
  • Multidisciplinary cooperation is key to an effective response to an infodemic. The range and effectiveness of possible response measures increases in relation to the degree of cooperation between all these actors, across the whole of society.
  • Widespread cultural change around the handling of online information may also be necessary (e.g. individuals retracting and deleting inaccurate posts they might have shared).
  • Accurate information must be adapted to different cultures, languages and literacy capacities, extending to marginalized and vulnerable communities.
  • Health education before a crisis is always hugely valuable.

Managing the COVID-19 pandemic and related infodemic requires swift, regular, coordinated action from multiple sectors of society and government. The timely translation of evidence into knowledge that people can use, adapted to their local cultures, languages and contexts, will continue to be crucial to fighting misinformation and saving lives as the pandemic continues to evolve.

Countries, territories or areas with reported laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths, April 15, 2020

Country/Territory/Area Confirmed Cases
United States of America 578268
Spain 172541
Italy 162488
Germany 127584
France 102533
United Kingdom 93877
China 83745
Iran 74877
Turkey 65111
Belgium 31119
Netherlands 27419
Canada 26146
Switzerland 25753
Russian Federation 24490
Brazil 23430
Portugal 17448
Austria 14234
Israel 11868
Ireland 11479
Sweden 11445
India 11439
Republic of Korea 10591
Japan 8100
Chile 7917
Ecuador 7603
Peru 7519
Poland 7202
Romania 6879
Norway 6566
Denmark 6511
Australia 6416
Czechia 6141
Pakistan 5988
Saudi Arabia 5369
Philippines 5223
Mexico 5014
Malaysia 4987
United Arab Emirates 4933
Indonesia 4839
Serbia 4465
Ukraine 3764
Panama 3472
Qatar 3428
Luxembourg 3307
Dominican Republic 3286
Belarus 3281
Singapore 3252
Finland 3161
Colombia 2852
Thailand 2643
South Africa 2415
Egypt 2350
Argentina 2336
Greece 2170
Algeria 2070
Republic of Moldova 1934
Morocco 1888
Iceland 1720
Croatia 1704
Hungary 1579
Bahrain 1528
Iraq 1400
Estonia 1373
Kuwait 1355
Kazakhstan 1275
Slovenia 1220
Uzbekistan 1214
Azerbaijan 1197
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1086
New Zealand 1078
Lithuania 1070
Armenia 1067
Bangladesh 1012
Puerto Rico 923
Oman 910
North Macedonia 908
Cameroon 855
Slovakia 835
Afghanistan 770
Cuba 766
Tunisia 747
Bulgaria 713
International (Diamond Princess Cruise Ship) 712
Cyprus 695
Andorra 659
Latvia 657
Côte d’Ivoire 638
Ghana 636
Lebanon 632
Costa Rica 612
Niger 570
Burkina Faso 515
Uruguay 512
Albania 475
Kyrgyzstan 449
Honduras 407
Jordan 397
Malta 393
Réunion 391
Kosovo 387
San Marino 372
Djibouti 363
Guinea 363
Bolivia 354
Nigeria 343
Mauritius 324
Georgia 306
Senegal 299
Montenegro 288
Palestinian Territory 288
Vietnam 266
Democratic Republic of the Congo 254
Isle of Man 242
Sri Lanka 233
Guernsey 219
Jersey 217
Mayotte 217
Kenya 216
Faroe Islands 184
Venezuela 181
Guatemala 167
Paraguay 159
Martinique 157
El Salvador 149
Guadeloupe 145
Brunei Darussalam 136
Guam 135
Rwanda 134
Gibraltar 129
Mali 123
Cambodia 122
Trinidad and Tobago 113
Madagascar 110
Monaco 93
Aruba 92
French Guiana 88
Ethiopia 82
Liechtenstein 81
Gabon 80
Togo 77
Congo 74
Myanmar 74
Jamaica 73
Barbados 72
Somalia 60
Liberia 59
Bermuda 57
French Polynesia 55
Cayman Islands 54
Uganda 54
United Republic of Tanzania 53
United States Virgin Islands 53
Sint Maarten 52
Bahamas 49
Guyana 47
Zambia 45
Equatorial Guinea 41
Guinea-Bissau 40
Haiti 40
Benin 35
Libya 35
Saint Martin 35
Eritrea 34
Sudan 32
Mongolia 30
Syrian Arab Republic 29
Mozambique 28
Antigua and Barbuda 23
Chad 23
Maldives 20
Angola 19
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 19
Belize 18
New Caledonia 18
Zimbabwe 18
Dominica 16
Fiji 16
Malawi 16
Namibia 16
Nepal 16
Eswatini 15
Saint Lucia 15
Curaçao 14
Grenada 14
Botswana 13
Northern Mariana Islands 13
Saint Kitts and Nevis 12
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 12
Central African Republic 11
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 11
Greenland 11
Montserrat 11
Seychelles 11
Sierra Leone 11
Cabo Verde 10
Suriname 10
Turks and Caicos 10
Gambia 9
Nicaragua 9
Holy See 8
Mauritania 7
Saint Barthelemy 6
Timor-Leste 6
Bhutan 5
Burundi 5
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 4
São Tomé and Príncipe 4
South Sudan 4
Anguilla 3
British Virgin Islands 3
Papua New Guinea 2
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1
Yemen 1
Total 1914916

Recommendations and Advice for the Public

If you are not in an area where COVID-19 is spreading or have not traveled from an area where COVID-19 is spreading or have not been in contact with an infected patient, your risk of infection is low. It is understandable that you may feel anxious about the outbreak. Get the facts from reliable sources to help you accurately determine your risks so that you can take reasonable precautions (see Frequently Asked Questions). Seek guidance from WHO, your healthcare provider, your national public health authority or your employer for accurate information on COVID-19 and whether COVID-19 is circulating where you live. It is important to be informed of the situation and take appropriate measures to protect yourself and your family (see Protection measures for everyone).

If you are in an area where there are cases of COVID-19 you need to take the risk of infection seriously. Follow the advice of WHO and guidance issued by national and local health authorities. For most people, COVID-19 infection will cause mild illness however, it can make some people very ill and, in some people, it can be fatal. Older people, and those with pre-existing medical conditions (such as cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease or diabetes) are at risk for severe disease (See Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading).

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