Roscosmos, officially known as the Russian Federal Space Agency, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Founded in 1992 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Roscosmos is a successor to the former Soviet space program, which achieved significant milestones such as launching the first human into space. The agency oversees all Russian crewed and uncrewed space missions, satellite launches, and planetary exploration. Roscosmos also collaborates with other international space agencies, contributing to missions such as the International Space Station. Despite facing financial and technical challenges, Roscosmos continues to play a key role in global space exploration efforts.