Scientists Uncover Startling Impacts of Excessive YouTube on Loneliness and Mental Health

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Researchers have found a link between frequent YouTube use and increased levels of loneliness, anxiety, and depression, especially in users under 29 years old who watch content about others’ lives. They call for limiting YouTube time, encouraging other forms of social interaction, and improving algorithmic systems to guide users toward verified positive mental health content.

Research conducted by the Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention (AISRAP) suggests that regular YouTube users are more likely to experience increased levels of loneliness, anxiety, and depression.

The investigation was led by Dr. Luke Balcombe and Emeritus Professor Diego De Leo from Griffith University’s School of Applied Psychology and AISRAP. They aimed to comprehensively explore both the beneficial and detrimental effects of the world’s most popular streaming platform on individuals’ mental health.

They found the most negatively affected individuals were those under 29 years of age, or who regularly watched content about other people’s lives.

Lead author Dr Luke Balcombe said the development of parasocial relationships between content creators and followers could be cause for concern, however, some neutral or positive instances of creators developing closer relationships with their followers also occurred.

“These online ‘relationships’ can fill a gap for people who, for example, have social anxiety, however, it can exacerbate their issues when they don’t engage in face-to-face interactions, which are especially important in developmental years,” he said.

“We recommend individuals limit their time on YouTube and seek out other forms of social interaction to combat loneliness and promote positive mental health.”

Dr. Balcombe said the amount of time spent on YouTube was often a concern for parents, who struggled to monitor their children’s use of the platform for educational or other purposes.

For the purpose of the study, over two hours per day of YouTube consumption was classed as high-frequency use and over five hours a day as saturated use.

The study also determined more needed to be done to prevent suicide-related content from being recommended to users based on algorithms for suggested viewing.

While ideally, people shouldn’t be able to search for these topics and be exposed to methods, the YouTube algorithm does push recommendations or suggestions based on previous searches, which can send users further down a disturbing ‘rabbit hole’.

Users can report this type of content, but sometimes it may not be reported, or it could be there for a few days or weeks, and with the sheer volume of content passing through, it’s almost impossible for YouTube’s algorithms to stop all of it.

If a piece of content is flagged as possibly containing suicide or self-harm topics, YouTube then provides a warning and asks the user if they want to play the video.

“With vulnerable children and adolescents who engage in high-frequency use, there could be value in monitoring and intervention through artificial intelligence,” Dr. Balcombe said.

“We’ve explored human–computer interaction issues and proposed a concept for an independent-of-YouTube algorithmic recommendation system that will steer users toward verified positive mental health content or promotions.

“YouTube is increasingly used for mental health purposes, mainly for information seeking or sharing and many digital mental health approaches are being tried with varying levels of merit, but with over 10,000 mental health apps currently available, it can be really overwhelming knowing which ones to use, or even which ones to recommend from a practitioner point of view.

“There is a gap for verified mental health or suicide tools based on a mix of AI-based machine learning, risk modeling, and suitably qualified human decisions, but by getting mental health and suicide experts together to verify information from AI, digital mental health interventions could be a very promising solution to support increasing unmet mental health needs.”

Reference: “The Impact of YouTube on Loneliness and Mental Health” by Luke Balcombe and Diego De Leo, 20 April 2023, Informatics.
DOI: 10.3390/informatics10020039

2 Comments on "Scientists Uncover Startling Impacts of Excessive YouTube on Loneliness and Mental Health"

  1. Valid research, but confuses correlation with causation. Individuals raised for maximum possible mental weakness retreat to safe spaces online, which tech companies are happy to provide, for the appropriate cost, when confronted with an adult reality which refuses to conform to their infantile views.

    Indeed, the real world not only ignores their protestations but mocks them viscously. Reared in a sealed bubble, their minds are wholly unprepared for such and thus they commit suicide at increased rates. A more critical avenue of research for this group would be the question of whether this is benefit to humanity when they do so.

  2. It could NEVER benefit society to lose ANYONE to suicide. Family, friends & acquaintances of suicide victims are known to be at much higher risk of committing suicide for the entirety of their lives causing a potentially vicious cycle of loss to humanity. Instead of you yourself being viscously (did you mean viciously?) critical of these researchers much needed work try spending time in the real world to gain empathy, sympathy or plain old love for your fellow creatures. From experience of losing 5 relatives to suicide I can say – it’s NEVER a benefit to society. It’s a drain & a stigma on any society when so many chose suicide. Imagine a depressed person reading your comment. Now imagine it’s someone you care about yet had zero inklings they were depressed or could commit suicide. Would you feel differently only if it was someone you knew? With all the love in my soul I hope you change your mind. We need viable solutions not absolution for the rampant depression, mental illness & suicides in our world.

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