Ecosystems News

Ecosystems are dynamic complexes of living organisms, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, interacting with their physical environment in a specific area. These interactions form a network of relationships through which energy flows and nutrients cycle, sustaining the community. Ecosystems vary widely in scale and type, encompassing diverse environments like forests, deserts, grasslands, wetlands, oceans, and even urban areas. Each ecosystem has its own unique combination of biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) components that interact and influence each other. Biotic components include all organisms within the ecosystem, while abiotic components consist of physical factors such as climate, soil, water, and sunlight. Ecosystems provide essential services that support life on Earth, including the production of oxygen, purification of air and water, pollination of plants, and decomposition of waste. They also offer resources such as food, fuel, and raw materials. However, ecosystems are increasingly threatened by human activities like deforestation, pollution, climate change, and habitat destruction, making their conservation vital for maintaining biodiversity and ecological balance.