Extinction Event News

An extinction event, also known as a mass extinction, is a significant and rapid decrease in the biodiversity on Earth, characterized by the widespread and abrupt disappearance of species across multiple taxonomic groups. These events are identified in the fossil record and are marked by the permanent loss of a large proportion of species within a relatively short period of geological time. Throughout Earth’s history, there have been five major mass extinctions, such as the Permian-Triassic extinction event, which eliminated about 90% of species, and the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event, which led to the demise of the dinosaurs about 66 million years ago. These events are typically driven by catastrophic changes in the environment, including volcanic eruptions, climate change, meteorite impacts, and changes in sea levels or atmospheric composition. Mass extinctions reshape life on Earth, clearing the way for new species to evolve and dominate. Current scientific research suggests that we may be entering a sixth mass extinction, driven by human activities like habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change, which could have dire consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem services.