Melanoma News

Melanoma is a serious form of skin cancer that originates in the melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. It is less common than other skin cancers but is significantly more dangerous due to its high likelihood of spreading to other parts of the body if not caught early. Melanoma can develop from existing moles or appear on previously normal skin and is often characterized by changes in color, size, or feel of moles. Key warning signs include asymmetry, irregular borders, uneven color, diameter larger than a pencil eraser, and evolving appearance. Risk factors for melanoma include excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds, having fair skin, a family history of melanoma, and having many moles or atypical moles. Early detection through regular skin checks and protection against UV exposure are crucial in preventing and effectively treating melanoma. Treatments vary based on the stage and may include surgical removal, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.