Pathogens News

Pathogens are microorganisms that cause disease in their hosts, which can include humans, animals, and plants. These infectious agents can be viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites, each capable of disrupting normal physiological processes. Pathogens have various mechanisms to invade and multiply within the host’s body, leading to diseases that range from mild to life-threatening. The interaction between pathogens and the immune response of the host plays a critical role in determining the severity of the disease. Control and prevention strategies against pathogens include hygiene measures, vaccines, and antibiotics or antiviral medications, although challenges such as antibiotic resistance and evolving pathogen strains complicate treatment efforts. Public health initiatives focus on understanding pathogen transmission dynamics and developing effective containment and prevention methods to manage infectious diseases globally.