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Mice Can Sense Oxygen Levels in the Environment Using Specialized Neurons

December 2, 2016

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Mice Can Sense Oxygen Levels in the Environment

New research from the Max Planck Institute shows that mice can sense oxygen levels in the environment using specialized neurons in their noses that are present in the olfactory mucosa. The genome of mice harbors more than 1000 odorant receptor genes, which enable them to smell myriad odors in their surroundings. Researchers at the Max […]

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New Study Shows Individual Lifespans Are Becoming More Similar

November 28, 2016

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The Emergence of Longevous Populations

Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research have discovered a novel regularity for vastly different human societies and epochs. On average, as lives get longer, the difference in the age at which people die becomes smaller. By analyzing data from 44 countries, researchers have now proven that life expectancy and the variation of […]

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MIT Chemists Reveal Bacterial Enzyme That Can Produce Biodegradable Plastics

November 15, 2016

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Chemists Discover Structure of Bacterial Enzyme That Generates Useful Polymers

Researchers at MIT have determined the structure of a bacterial enzyme that can produce biodegradable plastics, an advance that could help chemical engineers tweak the enzyme to make it even more industrially useful. The enzyme generates long polymer chains that can form either hard or soft plastics, depending on the starting materials that go into […]

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CertiKOS: A Step Toward Hacker-Resistant Operating Systems

November 14, 2016

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CertiKOS a Breakthrough Toward Hacker-Resistant Operating Systems

Researchers from Yale University have unveiled CertiKOS, the world’s first operating system that runs on multi-core processors and shields against cyber-attacks. Scientists believe this could lead to a new generation of reliable and secure systems software. Led by Zhong Shao, professor of computer science at Yale, the researchers developed an operating system that incorporates formal […]

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How Nanoscience Will Improve Our Lives in the Coming Years

October 31, 2016

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Nanoscience Will Improve Our Health and Lives in the Coming Years

In a newly published study, nanoscientists look ahead to what we can expect in the coming decade, and conclude that nanoscience is poised to make important contributions in many areas, including health care, electronics, energy, food and water. Nanoscience research involves molecules that are only 1/100th the size of cancer cells and that have the potential to […]

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Motion-Directed Microrobots Can Be Propelled Light

October 4, 2016

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Motion-Directed Robots on a Micro Scale

Researchers reveal a surprisingly simple way to direct synthetic microswimmers towards light or darkness. Phototactic behavior directs some bacteria towards light and others into darkness: This enables them to utilize solar energy as efficiently as possible for their metabolism, or, otherwise, protects them from excessive light intensity. A team of researchers headed by Clemens Bechinger […]

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New Ways to Protect Telecommunication and Navigation Satellites

September 28, 2016

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New Research Resolves a Debate Over Killer Electrons in Space

An international team of scientists answer a fundamental question about our space environment and reveal new ways to protect telecommunication and navigation satellites. Using measurements from the first U.S. satellite that traveled to space, Explorer 1 physicist James Van Allen discovered in 1958 that space is radioactive. The Earth is surrounded by two doughnut-shaped rings […]

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Researchers Develop Shape-Programmable Miniscule Robots

September 27, 2016

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Scientists Develop Shape-Programmable Magnetic Soft Matter

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute have developed functional elastomers that can be activated by magnetic fields. One day, microrobots may be able to swim through the human body like sperm or paramecia to carry out medical functions in specific locations. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart have developed functional […]

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New MIT Gene Therapy Technique May Help Prevent Cancer Metastasis

September 21, 2016

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New Gene Therapy Technique May Help Prevent Cancer Metastasis

MIT researchers have developed a new gene therapy technique that uses microRNAs — small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression — to control breast cancer metastasis. The spread of malignant cells around the body, known as metastasis, is the leading cause of mortality in women with breast cancer. Now, a new gene therapy technique […]

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‘Marsquakes’ Provide a Potential Microbial Energy Source on Mars

September 19, 2016

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Evidence for a Potential Microbial Energy Source on Earth and Mars

New research from Yale University shows that rocks formed by the grinding together of other rocks during earthquakes are rich in trapped hydrogen — a finding that suggests similar seismic activity on Mars may produce enough hydrogen to support life. Researchers from Yale, the University of Aberdeen, and Brock University studied rock formations around active […]

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Yale Study Shows Video Games Can Have Lasting Impact on Learning

September 12, 2016

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Video Games Have Lasting Impact on Learning

New research from Yale University shows that a computer-based brain training program helps improve student performance in reading and math — in some cases even more than individualized tutoring. The new study is published in Scientific Reports. In a study of more than 500 second graders, math and reading scores on school- administered tests increased […]

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MIT Researchers Help Reduce Runoff Pollution by Making Spray Droplets Less Bouncy

September 2, 2016

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MIT Scientists Help Reduce Runoff Pollution

Researchers from MIT have found a way to make pesticides stick to leaves instead of bouncing off, helping to reduce runoff pollution. When farmers spray their fields with pesticides or other treatments, only 2 percent of the spray sticks to the plants. A significant portion of it typically bounces right off the plants, lands on […]

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New Research Opens New Realms of Light-Matter Interaction

July 14, 2016

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MIT Study Opens New Realms of Light-Matter Interaction

A new study from MIT shows that some “forbidden” light emissions are in fact possible, and could enable new sensors and light-emitting devices. A new MIT study could open up new areas of technology based on types of light emission that had been thought to be “forbidden,” or at least so unlikely as to be […]

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Antarctic Ozone Layer Shows Signs of Healing

July 1, 2016

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MIT Scientists Observe First Signs of Healing in the Antarctic Ozone Layer

New research details the “first fingerprints of healing” of the Antarctic ozone layer. Scientists found that the September ozone hole has shrunk by more than 4 million square kilometers — about half the area of the contiguous United States — since 2000, when ozone depletion was at its peak. The team also showed for the […]

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New Equation Shows How Other People’s Fortunes Affect Our Happiness

June 17, 2016

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How Other People's Fortunes Affect Our Happiness

A new equation shows how our happiness depends not only on what happens to us and how this compares to other people.The team developed an equation to predict happiness in 2014, highlighting the importance of expectations, and the new updated equation also takes into account other people’s fortunes. The study, published in Nature Communications, found […]

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Dual-Phase Alloys Capable of High Strength and Ductility

June 1, 2016

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Alloys Overcome the Strength–Ductility Ttrade Off

Using a new strategy in the development of steel, scientists are able to create alloys capable of both high strength and ductility. For the steel industry, there may be a way out of the dilemma that has existed since people began processing metal. Scientists from the Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung in Düsseldorf (Germany) are presenting a […]

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Yale Engineers Develop a New Tool to Fight Dust

May 2, 2016

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Yale Develops a New Tool in the War Against Dust

Inspired by gecko feet, Yale researchers have developed a promising tool in the war on dust. Micrometric and sub-micrometric contaminant particles — what most of us call “dust” — can cause big problems for art conservators, the electronics industry, aerospace engineers, and others. These nanoparticles can prevent a cellphone from working or rob the vitality […]

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New Study Traces the Impact of Volcanic Activity on Climate Change

April 25, 2016

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New Research Traces the Impact of Volcanic Activity on Climate Change

A newly published study shows that for the majority of Earth’s history, continental arc volcanism has been the main driver of long-term climate variability. A geology-based analysis of Earth’s climate history over the past 700 million years provides evidence that climate change has occurred traditionally through slow shifts in the release of carbon dioxide — […]

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