April 22, 2013

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Anle138b Slows Down the Onset and Progression of Parkinson’s Disease

Anle138b Slows Down the Onset and Progression of Parkinsons Disease

Researchers have developed a chemical compound, Anle138b, that prevents clumping of synunclein protein, slowing down the onset and progression of Parkinson’s disease in mice. The earliest signs of Parkinson’s disease can be deceptively mild. The first thing that movie star Michael J. Fox noticed was twitching of the little finger of his left hand. For […]

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April 22, 2013

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Scientists View Self-Assembling Gold Nanoparticles in Real Time

Self Assembling Gold Nanoparticles

Nanoscientists from the Argonne National Laboratory have viewed the self-assembly of nanoparticle chains in real-time, providing new data that could lead to new materials used to develop new, energy-relevant technologies. Lemont, Illinois – In a new study performed at the Center for Nanoscale Materials at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, researchers […]

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April 22, 2013

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Transplanted Stem Cells Restore Memory and Learning in Mice

Transplanted Stem Cells Restore Memory and Learning

Neurologists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have successfully shown that human embryonic stem cells, which have been transformed into nerve cells, can help mice regain the ability to learn and remember. For the first time, human embryonic stem cells have been transformed into nerve cells that helped mice regain the ability to learn and remember. […]

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April 22, 2013

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Astronomers Investigate the Links between Supernova Remnants and Cosmic Rays

The Links between Supernova Remnants and Cosmic Rays

In a newly published study, astronomers investigate the links between supernova remnants and cosmic rays. Using a new optical spectrometer to analyze the shock activity at the outer edge of supernova SN1006, the astronomers report finding gas motions of over five thousand kilometers per second and evidence for the presence of fast-moving protons and electrons. […]

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April 22, 2013

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Water Planets in the Habitable Zone: A Closer Look at Kepler 62e and 62f

Kepler Water Planets in the Habitable Zone

In a new paper, astronomers explore the properties Kelper 62e and 62f, which are part of the five-planet system orbiting the star Kepler-62, suggesting that both planets are water worlds and the first viable candidates for a habitable zone water planet. Cambridge, Massachusetts – In our solar system, only one planet is blessed with an […]

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April 22, 2013

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Hubble Views Globular Cluster Palomar 2

Hubble Views Globular Cluster Palomar 2

In this image the Hubble Space Telescope shows globular cluster Palomar 2, which is part of a group of 15 globulars known as the Palomar clusters. Palomar 2 is part of a group of 15 globulars known as the Palomar clusters. These clusters, as the name suggests, were discovered in survey plates from the first […]

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April 19, 2013

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Solar-Powered Proteins Remove Harmful Carcinogens and Antibiotics from Water

Solar Powered Proteins Filter Harmful Antibiotics from Water

A new study from researchers at the University of Cincinnati details how solar-powered proteins can be used to filter antibiotics and other harmful compounds from rivers and lakes at a higher rate than present treatment standards. New research, just published, details how University of Cincinnati researchers have developed and tested a solar-powered nano filter that […]

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April 19, 2013

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New Technique Yields a Major Boost in Solar-Cell Efficiency

New Technique Could Boost Solar Cell Efficiency

In a newly published study, MIT researchers detail the technique they used to develop a photovoltaic device that generates more than one electron per photon, boosting efficiency. Throughout decades of research on solar cells, one formula has been considered an absolute limit to the efficiency of such devices in converting sunlight into electricity: Called the […]

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April 19, 2013

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Hubble Views the Horsehead Nebula

Hubble Views the Horsehead Nebula

This NASA image of the day shows the Horsehead Nebula as captured by Hubble’s high-resolution Wide Field Camera 3. Washington — Astronomers have used NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope to photograph the iconic Horsehead Nebula in a new, infrared light to mark the 23rd anniversary of the famous observatory’s launch aboard the space shuttle Discovery on […]

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April 19, 2013

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Kepler Mission Discovers Two New Planetary Systems with ‘Habitable Zone’ Planets

Kepler Discovers Its Smallest Habitable Zone'Planets

NASA’s Kepler mission has discovered several new habitable-zone planets in two new planetary systems, Kepler-69 and Kepler-62. Offett Field, California — NASA’s Kepler mission has discovered two new planetary systems that include three super-Earth-size planets in the “habitable zone,” the range of distance from a star where the surface temperature of an orbiting planet might […]

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April 18, 2013

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Emission Spectrum from Blazar PKS 1424+240 Deviates from Expectations

Distant Blazar Emission Spectrum Deviates from Expectations

Using data from the Hubble Space Telescope, researchers noticed that the emission spectrum from blazar PKS 1424+240 deviated from what was expected, possibly indicating something new about the emission mechanisms of blazars, the extragalactic background light, or the propagation of gamma-ray photons over long distances. Blazars are the brightest of active galactic nuclei, and many […]

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April 18, 2013

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Spray-on Mixture Combines Carbon Nanotubes with Ceramic

Spray On Coating Combines Carbon Nanotubes with Ceramic

Scientists have developed “super-nanotubes” by using a spray-on mixture that combines the optical, thermal and electrical properties of nanotubes with the robustness of the high-temperature ceramic. Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Kansas State University have demonstrated a spray-on mixture of carbon nanotubes and ceramic that has unprecedented ability to […]

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April 18, 2013

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New Image of SN 1006 Provides New Details about the Remains of an Exploded Star

New Chandra Image of SN 1006

A newly released image of SN 1006 provides new details about the remains of an exploded star that was witnessed from Earth over a millennium ago. This year, astronomers around the world have been celebrating the 50th anniversary of X-ray astronomy. Few objects better illustrate the progress of the field in the past half-century than […]

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April 18, 2013

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Changes to Algorithm Improve Analysis of the Evolution of Quasars

The Most Rigorous Analysis Yet of the Evolution of Quasars

By improving an algorithm that is important for studying quasars, astrophysicists determined the radio and optical luminosity evolutions for a set of more than 5000 quasars combining SDSS optical and FIRST radio data. In the nearly six decades since quasars were discovered, the list of these energetic galaxies powered by supermassive black holes has grown […]

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April 18, 2013

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Neuroscientists Reverse Memory Loss in Animal Brain Cells

Neuroscientists Reverse Memory Loss in Animal Brain Cells

Using sea snail nerve cells, neuroscientists from the UTHealth Center have reversed memory loss by determining when the cells were primed for learning and retraining the cells through the use of optimized training schedules. Houston – Neuroscientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have taken a major step in their […]

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April 18, 2013

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Astronomers Discover Earliest Starburst Galaxy Ever Observed

Starburst Galaxy HFLS3

A large team of astronomers has discovered the earliest starburst galaxy ever observed. Occurring just 880 million years after the Big Bang, HFLS3 is a dust-filled, massive galaxy generating the mass equivalent of 2,900 suns per year. Pasadena, California — Smaller begets bigger. Such is often the case for galaxies, at least: the first galaxies […]

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April 17, 2013

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UCLA Researchers ID New Kidney Cancer Subtypes

Scientists ID New Kidney Cancer Subtypes

In another step forward for personalized medicine, scientists at UCLA have classified kidney cancer into several unique subtypes that will help tailor individual cancer treatment. Researchers with UCLA’s Institute of Urologic Oncology and department of urology have classified kidney cancer into several unique subtypes, a breakthrough that will help physicians tailor treatment to individual kidney […]

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April 17, 2013

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Search for Dark Matter Reveals First Hint of WIMP

First Hint of the Particle Behind Dark Matter

SuperCDMS researchers have for the first time observed a concrete hint of a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP), the particle physicists believe to be behind dark matter. College Station — An international collaboration whose search for dark matter is powered by detectors being fabricated at Texas A&M University has for the first time observed a […]

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