Cyanobacteria News

Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, are a group of photosynthetic bacteria that inhabit a wide range of environments, including freshwater, marine ecosystems, and terrestrial habitats. These organisms are among the oldest life forms on Earth, with fossil records dating back over 2.5 billion years, playing a crucial role in the development of the planet’s atmosphere and the evolution of other life forms due to their ability to perform oxygenic photosynthesis. Cyanobacteria are unique in their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, converting it into a form usable by plants, which is essential for nutrient cycling in many ecosystems. They exhibit a diverse range of shapes and sizes, and some species can form blooms that may produce toxins affecting wildlife and human health. Beyond their ecological importance, cyanobacteria are also explored for their potential applications in biotechnology, including biofuel production and bioremediation of pollutants.