Climatologists believe the latest Kelvin waves are the “last hurrah” for a much-hoped-for El Niño event in 2014.
Prospects have been fading for an El Niño event in 2014, but now there’s a glimmer of hope for a very modest comeback. Scientists warn that unless these developing weak-to-modest El Niño conditions strengthen, the drought-stricken American West shouldn’t expect any relief.
The latest sea-level-height data from the NASA/European Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM)/Jason-2 satellite mission show a pair of eastward-moving waves of higher sea level, known as Kelvin waves, in the Pacific Ocean — the third such pair of waves this year. Now crossing the central and eastern equatorial Pacific, these warm waves appear as the large area of higher-than-normal sea surface heights (warmer-than-normal ocean temperatures) hugging the equator between 120 degrees west and the International Dateline. The Kelvin waves are traveling eastward and should arrive off Ecuador in late September and early October.
A series of larger atmospheric “west wind bursts” from February through May 2014 triggered an earlier series of Kelvin waves that raised hopes of a significant El Niño event. Just as the warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific by these waves dissipated, damping expectations for an El Niño this year, these latest Kelvin waves have appeared, resuscitating hopes for a late arrival of the event.
ScienceCasts: El Niño – Is 2014 the New 1997?
The Jason-2 satellite sees something brewing in the Pacific. Researchers say it could be a significant El Niño with implications for global weather and climate.
Climatologist Bill Patzert of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, says it’s too early to know for sure, but he would not be surprised if the latest Kelvin waves are the “last hurrah” for this much-hoped-for El Niño. “Since February 2014, the prospect of an El Niño has waxed and waned. This late in the season, the best we can expect is a weak to moderate event. What comes next is not yet clear. But for the drought-plagued American West, the possibility of a badly needed drenching is fading,” said Patzert.
NASA scientists will continue to monitor the Pacific to see what is in store next for the world’s climate.
This image was created with data collected by the U.S./European OSTM/Jason-2 satellite during a 10-day period centered on September 18, 2014. It shows a red and yellow area in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific, indicating that the ocean surface is about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 12 centimeters) above normal. Green indicates near-normal conditions. These regions contrast with the western equatorial Pacific, where sea levels (blue and purple areas) are 3 to 6 inches (8 to 15 centimeters) lower than normal.
The height of the ocean water relates, in part, to its temperature, and thus is an indicator of the amount of heat stored in the ocean below. As the ocean warms, the water expands and the sea level rises; as it cools, its level falls. Above-normal height variations along the equatorial Pacific indicate El Niño conditions, while below-normal height variations indicate La Niña conditions. The temperature of the upper ocean can have a significant influence on weather patterns and climate.
This latest image highlights the processes that occur on time scales of more than a year but usually less than 10 years, such as El Niño and La Niña. The image also highlights faster ocean processes such as Kelvin waves. As Patzert says, “Jason-2 is a fantastic Kelvin wave counter.” These processes are known as the interannual ocean signal. To show that signal, scientists refined data for this image by removing trends over the past 21 years, seasonal variations and time-averaged signals of large-scale ocean circulation.
The comings and goings of El Niño and La Niña are part of the long-term, evolving state of global climate, for which measurements of sea surface height are a key indicator. Jason-2 is a joint effort between NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the French Space Agency Center National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). JPL manages the U.S. portion of Jason-2 for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. In early 2015, NASA and its international partners CNES, NOAA, and EUMETSAT will launch Jason-3, which will extend the timeline of ocean surface topography measurements begun by the Topex/Poseidon and Jason 1 and 2 satellites. Jason-3 will make highly detailed measurements of sea level on Earth to gain insight into ocean circulation and climate change. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.
This isn’t possible. All the climate and weather “experts” said it will happen and, in fact, said it would be one of the strongest El Nino effects. How could they be wrong? I mean they know with absolute certainty about these things. They could never be wrong about this. Wait, I know why it didn’t happen. It’s man’s fault, we clearly did something to disrupt things in such a way that it simply isn’t happening. Whew, I knew there was a good explanation. YOU CLIMATE CULT FREAKS!! Keep wringing your hands and crying over the impending doom. Sad and absurd the endless parade of people walking in lock step lapping up everything they hear/read, etc. Folks some years are hot….some not. Some crazy snowy, cold and some not. Think for yourselves instead of always letting someone do it for you. Been doing this for millenniums and will continue to do so in spite of everything EVIL MAN is doing. Let’s all be smart and responsible but this whole thing with the climate has become a new religion for people. Simply absurd.
Well put Bill!
Would like to see an article about the use of LRAD’S by civilians in this country. The power of ultrasonics created by these machines and why the US government doesn’t have regulations in place governing their use. Thanks.
I actually live in drought ridden S. California so I’ve kept up with every projection. My family grows avocados. NO reputable projection has ever called for a major event. From the very first the projections have always been for a moderate to weak El Nino event.
When will the warmists acknowledge that the PDO and AMO are major climate drivers? The PDO is now in the cool phase resulting in way fewer El Nino’s. With the PDO in the cool phase, droughts are much more common in SoCal. ANd just wait when the AMO switches to the cool phase – temps will plummet and the warmists will be aghast in how to explain it.
With that, I’m sure the warmists are very disappointed, as the El Nino was predicted to release a lot of heat, resulting in a temporary spike in global temps allowing them to rejoice that Man Made Global Warming is back….pathetic.