Layers of ice and rock obviate the need for “habitable zone” and shield life against threats.
SwRI researcher theorizes worlds with underground oceans may be more conducive to life than worlds with surface oceans like Earth.
One of the most profound discoveries in planetary science over the past 25 years is that worlds with oceans beneath layers of rock and ice are common in our solar system. Such worlds include the icy satellites of the giant planets, like Europa, Titan, and Enceladus, and distant planets like Pluto.
In a report presented at the 52nd annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC 52) this week, Southwest Research Institute planetary scientist S. Alan Stern writes that the prevalence of interior water ocean worlds (IWOWs) in our solar system suggests they may be prevalent in other star systems as well, vastly expanding the conditions for planetary habitability and biological survival over time.
It has been known for many years that worlds like Earth, with oceans that lie on their surface, must reside within a narrow range of distances from their stars to maintain the temperatures that preserve those oceans. However, IWOWs are found over a much wider range of distances from their stars. This greatly expands the number of habitable worlds likely to exist across the galaxy.
Worlds like Earth, with oceans on their exterior, are also subject to many kinds of threats to life, ranging from asteroid and comet impacts, to stellar flares with dangerous radiation, to nearby supernova explosions and more. Stern’s paper points out that IWOWs are impervious to such threats because their oceans are protected by a roof of ice and rock, typically several to many tens of kilometers thick, that overlie their oceans.
“Interior water ocean worlds are better suited to provide many kinds of environmental stability, and are less likely to suffer threats to life from their own atmosphere, their star, their solar system, and the galaxy, than are worlds like Earth, which have their oceans on the outside,” said Stern.
He also points out that the same layer of rock and ice that protects the oceans on IWOWs also conceals life from being detected by virtually all astronomical techniques. If such worlds are the predominant abodes of life in the galaxy and if intelligent life arises in them — both big “ifs,” Stern emphasizes — then IWOWs may also help crack the so-called Fermi Paradox. Posed by Nobel Laureate Enrico Fermi in the early 1960s, the Fermi Paradox questions why we don’t see obvious evidence of life if it’s prevalent across the universe.
“The same protective layer of ice and rock that creates stable environments for life also sequesters that life from easy detection,” said Stern.
In 2015, NASA created the Ocean Worlds Exploration Program, which seeks to explore an ocean world to determine habitability and seek life. Moons that harbor oceans under a shell of ice, such as Europa and Titan, are already the targets of NASA missions to study the habitability of these worlds.
The paper, “Some Implications for Both Life and Civilizations Regarding Interior Water Ocean Worlds” at LPSC 52 is available here (PDF).
Meeting: 52nd annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC 52)
There is no other life out there… We live under solid firmament. There is water above us…and NASA the decievers darn well know this. I feel sorry for all the lost souls buying in to this trash. They know God exist and they also know that Satan exist. Because he is NASAs God. Just look at their serpent tongue logo
Really hope you’re just a troll, because if you believe what you wrote then you are the most brain dead person to ever grasp the use of the internet.
An interesting hypothesis. If true, it also has other implications: with greater stability, such worlds may be far less likely to have the conditions that drove evolution on Earth, and such may be far less likely to harbor intelligent life.
Along similar lines, even if intelligent life arose in such worlds, without access to a sky they might never develop the sciences as we know them – much of which were initiated by the challenges of astronomy.
I am an iranian and become very tired of religion’s name like god, satan and prophet.
I devoted to science from 15 and i love thinking and searching.
thanks to NASA.
Not sure stability of environment would necessarily preclude evolution. So long as there are limited resources, competition for those resources would drive a biological arms race.
And a lack of sky wouldn’t necessarily change science. If an intelligent species is curious, they’ll find a way. After all, we’ve dug into our crust, and explored our oceans. They wouldn’t have fire, but they could have electricity.
That said, is the chemistry in these oceans dynamic enough for life to be created in the first place?
Jeffrey – you, sir, are an oblivious idiot. The nature of the universe has been known for thousands of years – our planet is a spec in the cosmos. How do you explain the moon? The planets? The BILLIONS of stars and gaseous structures in space that ANYONE can see with a telescope for less than $100?
You can’t. You’re being ignorant for the sake of being ignorant.
Evolution, by its definition, is about change; day, night, cold, warm, etc.. And if the change is expectable, and is cyclical, it seeds intelligence. It does not seem likely in this scenario.
The existence of intelligence there, it is not neccessary by evolution. So here on earth.
The sad things if anything dose live places like these , if they nkt find a way they will never be able to see the beauty of space and thats sad 🙁
You can get tired of science too..suposibly this would be real, and we would colonise Titan, people would destroy it’ s wathers in no time with polution. Our progress rely on it…
The moon’s around Jupiter do not harbour life as we know it due the intense radiation emitted from the planet! Why can’t scientists realise this …. Cheers
Surely we are gods greatest failed experiment. I would hope he tried again elsewhere.
Gods are for the meek and feeble of mind, science is for the wise and the strong whom will survive
Interesting you would say it that way, here is a quote from the bible: Corinthians 3:18-19 KJV
be wise.  For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
Interesting you would say it that way, here is a quote from the bible: Corinthians 3:19 .  For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.
We might be the only humans, but we are not the only intelligent forms of life. As we look for intelligent life, we have our human hat’s on, we’re looking in the wrong places. The ideal living location of another intelligent species is something we do not comprehend. Were thinking as if you can not see it, it does not exist.
We might need anotber Albert Einstein to help us understand this new way of thinking.
Life could exist in these places, if it had something to start with. That’s the problem. There is no starter DNA.
It would be a terrible waste of space if we are the only one with life.
Besides all these worlds are yours to explore. Except Europa.
I am a Muslim and have read in Quran about the creation of universe. Stars planets and their movement. The earth structure atmosphere are all defined in precise way as modern science is defining. Even alienife is mentioned and accepted by many scholars since 8th century. Other habitable worlds are also mentioned. Even Allah has mentioned that with force you can leave the boundaries of this world but when you would encounter smoke and fire (high temperatures probably) you won’t be able to sustain it. One become poise if he take all sign of Gods to submit Him and other wise if he tries to search devil in this knowledge. One is free to choose his destiny. Love hour God, love yourself and love all mankind. Be proud God has made us His successor in this world and left us to conquer this universe for good.
Jeffery if there is water above us then where does it go at night or during an eclipse? Please tell me this.
Kevin – even if jupiter did emit a lot of radiation, which I don’t think it does. All that radiation would be absorbed by the kilometers of rocks between the ocean and space.
Brad, then how did WE get started.
best theory i know of is DMA is an evolution of RNA that can evolve from natural processes in the right conditions
in other words… life can happen without seed DNA
It saddens me to see the ignorance people have no problem exposing about themselves. Whether it’s in science or religion there is nothing found yet to deny life existing on other worlds. The Bible talks about man venturing to the stars and it says nothing whatsoever about earth being the only planet that God produced with life on it. I feel it takes an awful neive soul to think that out of all the billions of stars and planets out there ours is the only one that is capable of producing life. The big problem with people being able to believie in life being possible on other planets is this 1 phrase (LIFE AS WE KNOW IT). Every planet is capable of producing life if we just think outside the box. We have no clue what evolution will allow to exist on other worlds. From the deposits of organisms billions of years ago to now its all a mystery to us because we just don’t know. Life could possibly thrive on a world that is toxic to us, be in the dinosaur stage of life, be insects, intelligent plants. Lol We just have no clue.
Interesting hypothesis and workable considering the number of USO sightings on Earth. This idea is clearly too much for the God fantasists as seen below. No other worlds out there despite the existence of 100 billion stars to each of the 100 billion galaxies? Science has progressed while no doubt the religious still believe in the supernatural and most likely still think the Sun goes round the Earth.
Arthur C. Clarke wrote about Europa and its potential in “2010.” Science fiction at times portends science fact. Who’s to say life underwater doesn’t resemble someone like a Jar Jar Binks. Someone mentioned needing starter DNA? That would be the obelisk’s task.
They need to quite trying to blow the world up it says in the Bible that man will destroy it Scientists don’t believe in God anyway there atheists what can i say .
If it is under ice it is not “underground.”
Regarding this ‘could there be life in underground oceans’ article, I’m wondering if places like Mars didn’t once have some kind of protective layer around it, similar to our ozone, that would have made temperature more bearable. Maybe because they DIDN’T have motorcars and burn fossil fuels, maybe their layer depleted, making th place unlivable?
We flatter ourselves if we really believe there to be no other intelligent life forms out there. After all, octopus and th kiwi didn’t get here on their own.
Seriously. God? You have got to be some kind of special to not admit there is life out there. Not actual beings like us, but microbial life. Any kind of life. Of course we’re not alone. We know that water is everywhere in the universe and there’s are literally millions of planets that are probably habitable. We haven’t even scratched the surface as to what’s possible.
This is a scientific post why are religious half wits posting their god poison here?
Is the firmament round or flat? NASA wont tell us. Sad. Beware the Antarctic ice walls! Fossils are devil bones!
Jeffrey if you are trolling, that’s some Ken M level stuff.
If not, I hope you get to go on a trip into Earth orbit someday so that your eyes may be opened. This is just one tiny planet among many trillions in the cosmos.
I think people have been searching for other life forms in the wrong place. Growing up I used to also think that there was extraterrestrial beings out there but over the years I had various experiences that has changed my view. I now believe that the only other life form out there is not extraterrestrial but interdimensional. Rather than looking out into far regions of space, we need to look inside the space that surrounds us. I believe that all the energy generated by the physical universe resides within a subatomic dimension that is overlayed on top of this dimension. And in that quantum dimension there are other intelligent beings who are composed entirely of photons and frequencies that are beyond the range of our immediate perception.
Jeffery have you been drug tested recently? Close minded individuals like yourself may still feel the earth is flat
Do you mean conductive to life? Or condusive…!
Either jeffrey is sarcastic or a total idiot. I really hope it’s sarcasm.
If the Fermi paradox is correct and,and by now we should have heard or dected other civilations but nothing silence perhaps the multiverse theory could explain if thers an infinite number of universes how do we know were not in a universe were the the only intelligent life
I agree with Martin this is science stop posting about god.
Pluto is not a planet you stpd fk. It’s an exoplanet, planetoid thing, outside the solar system. Like a bunch of others. Thought I should interject. Thanks. Bye.
Jeffrey is blasphemous, belittling God, who created a whole universe and not just one little flat Earth. He’s an agent of Satan, minimizing the power of the Creator. God created the universe from nothing, dividing the emptiness into positive and negative spacetime. One side with positive lengths and time, the other with negative ones. I don’t know on which side were live, but if you add our side to the other, you get zero. That was the day before the first day, when God split the nothingness. And he saw that out was a good split.
I think Marcus and J have it going on
Im afraid that lifeform is very very very very rare, earth is probably alone in this. The chemical reaction of how DNA & RNA which become base of all lifeform are very complicated and by chance is ultra rare and difficult to be done naturally.
I would love to chat with this scientist about some ideas that I have. I think we could help each other out a great deal.
For all the bible thumpers out there, this knowledge is beyond your thick heads. Science is where its at because of open minded dedication to study “What is”, and not “what you want it to be”. Open your eyes. Open your ears. Open your minds. It’s that simple.
So these interior Oceans act as a mask for life. And that life stays home.
Nice job. You’ve given the universe covid.
God (according to all known organized religions) is far more easily disprovable than this Jeffery. Read a book. No not that one…
When will NASA lunch for dem water worlds tho?
Tis Jeffery… 🤣
The problem with cold environments, is that metabolic rates will be lower. The protection of thick ice and water will reduce damage and mutations in rna /dna based organisms. Evolution to our level would take vastly longer
Can we explore the depths about our vast oceans before we hypothesize about what may be in the ice covered depths of the oceans on a distant planet’s moon? How about curing some of the diseases on this plane too. Something doesn’t seem right when we neglect the mysteries on our own planet and spend so much on such things. That being said, I am all for “walking and chewing gum at the same time.” It just isn’t happening in a proportional way.
TO BELIEVE THESE PEOPLE SO CALLED SCIENTISTS INTO BELIEVE NASA HAS TO BE THE DUMBEST THING EVER AND LET ME EXPLAIN WHY THE WORD NASA IN THE HEBREW LANGUAGE DEFINITION OF NASA IT’S DEFINITION IS TO DECEIVE WE ALL KNOW WHO THE GREAT DECEIVER IS THE GREAT GOT NOTHING AND YOU TELLING ME THAT WHEN IT COMES TO THE UNIVERSE WE GOT ALL THESE PICTURES AND VIDEOS OF GALAXIES AND UNIVERSES AWAY SO FAR MILLIONS AND MILLIONS MILES AWAY AND WE COULD GET CLEAR PICTURES OF THOSE CLEAR PICTURES BUT HERE EVERY ALIEN SIGHTING OR UFO SIDING PICTURES OR VIDEOS OF IT CAN NEVER BE CLEAR WHY IS IT ALWAYS BLURRY YOU TELLING ME YOU CAN SIT UP HERE AND TAKE PICTURES OF GALAXIES BILLIONS MILES AWAY BUT YOU CAN’T TAKE A PIC CLEAR PICTURE OF A SHIP COVER AND OVER YOUR HOUSE HOW DOES THAT EVEN POSSIBLE IT’S NOT POSSIBLE YOU WOULDN’T KNOW THAT STARS ARE NOT STARS IN THE BIBLE THEY ARE SYMBOLICALLY REPUTATION SYMBOLICALLY REPRESENTATIONS OF ANGELS AND EVEN ENOCH PROPHESIED THAT MEN WILL SEE TRIAL AND TRIBULATIONS AND WORSHIP THESE ANGELS THESE STARS AND THEY ALL ARE PAGING GODS EVEN IF YOU WANT TO SAY VENUS PLUTO MARS JUPITER THOSE ARE ALL PAGAN GODS SACRIFICED TO DEMONS AS GODS AND THEN YOU HAVE THE FALLEN ANGELS HOW THEY SAY THE FALLEN ANGELS ARE THE ALIENS OR THE DEMONS ARE ALIENS WILL HOW COULD THAT BE TRUE WHEN FALLEN ANGELS CAME DOWN HAD SEX WITH WOMEN CREATED THE GIANTS WHICH WERE EARTH BORN GIANTS THAT WERE BORN ON THE EARTH SO THOSE GIANTS CAN BE ALIENS CUZ THEY FROM THE EARTH NOW WHEN YOU GIANTS DIE THEIR SPIRITS PROCEED FROM THEM AND THOSE EVIL SPIRITS ARE THE DEMONS THAT’S WHERE DEMONS COME FROM BUT HERE THEY DON’T WANT TO TELL YOU THAT THESE DEMONS ARE RIGHT UPON THE EARTH THEY ARE BORN UPON THE EARTH JUST LIKE THEIR THEIR HUMAN FORM OF GIANTS THE GIANTS WERE BORN ON EARTH AND WHEN THOSE DIE FROM THEM AND THAT’S WHERE YOU GET DEMONS FROM SO HOW COULD A DEMON BE AN ALIEN IF HE WAS CREATED ON EARTH WE TALK ABOUT ALIENS ALL THE TIME BUT WE DON’T EVEN STOP TO THINK THAT WE DIDN’T CREATE THE EARTH GOD DID MAN DID NOT CREATE THE EARTH GOD DID SO THAT MEAN WE WOULD BE THE ALIENS IF ANYTHING AND NO GOD WOULD NEVER BE AN ALIEN OR A ANGEL NO I DON’T BELIEVE IN ALIENS IT IS THE DUMBEST THING EVER I MEAN HERE YOU CAN GET CLEAR PICTURES OF GALAXIES AWAY BUT YOU CAN’T TAKE CLEAR PICTURE OF A UFO THAT’S RIGHT OUTSIDE YOUR HOUSE JUST SITTING HERE CHILLING HOW’S THAT POSSIBLE IT’S NOT EVEN POSSIBLE LIKE THESE PEOPLE TALKING ABOUT THE DUMBEST THINGS AND THEY WOULD NEVER KNOW WHAT’S UNDER ANTARCTICA CUZ IT AIN’T FOR THEM TO FIND AND THEY WOULD NEVER KNOW RIGHT WHEN THEY THINK THEY KNOW SOMETHING THEY GOING TO BE WIPED OUT QUICK AND THEY SAY GOD AIN’T REAL HOW GOD AIN’T REAL FEEL YOUR FATHER SO IF YOU DON’T BELIEVE IN GOD YOU DON’T EVEN KNOW WHO YOU ARE THAT MEANS YOUR DADDY AIN’T NOTHING IF YOU DON’T COME FROM GOD YOUR DADDY IS A BASTARD YOUR DADDY IS A BUM HE DON’T EVEN WANT TO CLEAN YOU BUT HERE WE HAVE A FATHER GOD CLAIMING NOT SAYING THESE ARE MY CHILDREN MAYBE THAT’S WHY THESE SO CALLED ALIENS AND ALIENS BECAUSE HE PROTECT US FROM HAVE YOU EVER THOUGHT ABOUT THAT NAH CUZ YOU TWO WORRIED ABOUT BELIEVING THAT THERE IS NO GOD BUT HERE EVEN THE MASSES IN THE ATHEISTS ALL THE MOST BEAUTIFUL GALAXY STARS LIKE THE GOD’S EYES IS SO BEAUTIFUL IF THERE’S NO GOD WHY WOULD YOU NAME SOMETHING TO GOD’S EYE
This comment section is proof that intelligent life is extremely rare.
Why is their such a rush to leave this planet! Are all of you blind! Mars is not habitable without assistance, no planet is…thats with reasonable traveling distance….apparently we are better off using our brains and resources looking for intelligent life;…that will do what?…solve our PROBLEMS? Look within ourselves. this earth should be around for a few Thousand years, if not a cool million. Stop wasting time trying to contact an alien species or pollute another world…if it’s for exploration sake, yeah, but trying to move away from “Home” feels like an act of betrayal..you don’t care about the planet you don’t care about the people on the planet you just wanna run and go someplace you can’t get to in your lifetime…basically hiding your head in the sand of stars….has it ever occurred to you also maybe we are out here in this corner of the universe to hide us from something we don’t want to have find us! 🤯
Jeffery is an illiterate idiot from the 14th century Probably reincarnation of one of the inquisitors from the Spanish Inquisition
Nice read, thanks.
The Bible and God is literally a direct reference to life outsude of earth. Angels and heavenly hosts. How can one claim to be a cristuan and not belueve in life on other worlds. God created billions of worlds with life, we are just the ones that came to being in his image as the bible says. So according to my faith, there is at least one bipedal extraterrestrial in the universe that claims to be the creator of life and even Light itself. Some omnipotent intelligent being that transcends space and time and utilizes DNA and Evolutionary processes to grow worlds of life.
What’s with the religtards talking about gods allowed this, gods forbid that, flat earth this..etc?
Can they even understand that science doesnt depend on religion? Lol
I’ve got news for Jeffrey. Religion is a belief system invented by primitive man to explain the inexplicable, and used by the élite to subordinate the masses.
I think Jeff is a nerd.
Why this comment section is filled with that religious rabble? This is a place for open minded people. Banish these morons out there!
By the way, it would be fascinating that we could finally find alien life outside Earth. The universe is too big for being the only ones living on it.
Sounds openminded…. Ban these people!!
Like children pointing at each either yelling ” your stupid!” “No, your Stupid!”
Why is it an impossible concept that God exists, he created all, and in giving us intelligence, freedom of will, and the ability to change has cumulated into this moment where our intelligence is allowing us to realize and understand the dynamics he set into motion to create us and all else out there. The bible does not declare science our intelligence to be evil or the work of evil it simply declares that letting one blind the other is where the danger lies. You can fully believe in science and religion if you don’t let one blind the other. So yeah the bible says God created all in seven days…when you consider the fact that a day ln our planet is vastly different than a day a day on any of the multitudes of worlds out there then consider how long is a day to God who is not subject to the simple evolutions of a planets rotation around a star? Perhaps his day does encompass the thousands of years here that evolution required and the process of evolution is his creation method. The bible was giving to help understand the idea of life and god and how to live not as a technical manual detailing what happened. So many minds out there and so many ways to limit those minds. We don’t have any conceivable way of understanding to unending possibilities of life and what might be out there or even here around us. Life I do not believe is limited to simple dna and the constraints of our own existence. We have no idea where intelligence our awareness might manifest, life could very well find a way to become in a form we haven’t even considered yet. Who knows? We know so little. Throughout history we have again and again learned new and amazing things that before were not thought possible, why do we now feel that we are really any less ignorant to the vastness of absolute knowledge?
Well reasoned, Starla. Thank you.
Science proves there is no god! Science proves our evolution. Religion offers no proof. Science offers endless proof. Your religion is nothing but a crutch for the weak minded followers.
I follow BOTH science AND religion. The two are NOT mutually exclusive. I find this article interesting and informative. But I find many of the hateful, intolerant anti-religion comments very disgusting. Whatever happened to live and let live? Drop the hatred; it doesn’t look good on anybody.
I wonder why are you using cellphone and computers to post your ideas, these are invented by the stupid scientists.
I suggest find an angel to carry your ideas, that will be more appropriate
People who believe in ‘God’ are indeed WEAK minded, scared and helpless, non-critical thinkers. Similar to a habitual liarl, denying, indefinitely, the truth against them. Do you know how that makes you look? WEAK MINDED. CRYING to God when you have a problem.. Leave God out of your problems. What does God have to do with any of it? Didn’t God give you a brain so you can think logically to solve your own problems? Why are you still nagging God with questions for answers? Hasn’t He done enough for you? You want your passifier too? If you believe in God so much, then you should respect Him! You think because you are his children gives you the right to continue to act like one? Go be a momma’s boy or something leave God alone.
Life exists somewhere else in the universe, and intelligents beings may exist, but even if aliens exist we may never contac them because they may be very far away.
For the individuals whom choose to think we have not discovered other intelligent civilizations we definitely have had contact with a number of different advanced civilizations. As to the science vs god folks it turns out a God energy exists in everthing in the universe in all matter in all things. The living god theroy is that the god energy can transform life.
The God energy becomes alive by focusing the energy within a living being. The God energy than can transform the living being to accomplish amazing feats. Usually the extraterrestrials assist the God energy transformation when the living being is a human. And the human subject my even have side effects by such contact with God energy, such as glowing light from body for long periods after the contact event. The scientific assessment would describe light emitting energy release. The religious scholars would describe the side effect as a halo. There is a connection science is understanding God energy. The extraterrestrials know how to use a human being in such a way as to force god to act threw a human subject.
The individual will be choosen and prepared from early childhood, implants for telepathic communication, subliminal training, astral projection dream state and astral projection physical state or actual release of God energy in a perfect manner or from the living mind of a human connected by God energy to the extraterrestrials monitoring the event or controlling the human so god can get inside him full strength. Once inside god can think for himself and act to focus and deal with the extraterrestrials problems going on in the stars. The problems are involved in travel experiments namely time travel in the universe. The extraterrestrials make sure the god energy is ready and present to act should something go wrong. If things go wrong the universe in its entirety could be completely destroyed. So the god energy must be present in full strength at the site location of the time jump. The energy acts as both a mark or marker of the time jump spot, and as a buffer to stabilize space at the jump point.
The human subject lights up like a laser beam that travels the billions of light years out to the jump point in an instant something only God energy can do, no other force extraterrestrials included are fast as the sonic human god combined energy. God energy is the fastest light in the universe because it lives, it acts, it is in everthing and so can draw upon all things to focus it’s energy however it chooses to transform or through whom. The science advise is an energy has been detected in everthing it seems to act on the behalf if everything in the universe. The elders called it God. In science we still call it god but with the word energy included. God vs Science or God teams with science as God is the scientist that formulated a universe and acted to create life everywhere in the universe. The extraterrestrials have advanced so much god has to keep an eye on them so when they mess up the acts of god energy can save the universe.
It is really something to save a universe and have god energy erupt from your body at the extream moment of certain universe destruction. I call the fear of god reflex. Because the extraterrestrials energy in the space travel experiments or time travel, is so great due to the speed of the craft doing the traveling across space and time, universe destruction becomes a real danger. Think of the universe as a fish tank that has a gun on each end. The guns fire exactly the same instant and the bullets strike perfectly into eachother. The fish tank is destroyed. Now the extraterrestrials ship it travels 30 million light years per second ruffly to achieve time jump. As you fly you encompass the universe to meet yourself head on like bullets. Your time jump is only successful if a God energy marker and buffer is present at the jump point at the exact moment in time. Your job is to maneuver your craft around your self heading in opposite direction. The energy is your mark when it arrives start the flight maneuver, the buffer aspect prevents ripps in time space at the jump point. The human subject on earth sees this going on. Extraterrestrials are on earth as well monitoring the human subject and communication telepathic and subliminal training all kick in and fear builds in the human subject when he sees there is no way and destruction is moments away. The human fear begins to draw in the god energy and the human is transformed into the living god who than acts in miraculous fashion. After the witnesses all know what they saw and tell the young man we saw what happened you saved us all without you there would be nothing. The government finds out and the men in black Elizondo show up and your under secret orders to be quiet. Living God’s happen and us a real phenomenon. Conscience energy or God than becomes the question of science. Apparently living God’s have been killed on earth because they glowed halo as a side effect of extraterrestrials contact, his name you all know that’s science.