The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere. NOAA warns of dangerous weather, charts seas, guides the use and protection of ocean and coastal resources, and conducts research to provide understanding and improve stewardship of the environment. It was officially formed in 1970 and plays a key role in environmental monitoring, weather forecasting, and managing the nation’s fisheries, among other responsibilities. NOAA’s work supports economic vitality and affects more than one-third of America’s gross domestic product.