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Scientists Complete Primary Mirror for NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope

February 5, 2016

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Scientists Assemble NASA's James Webb Space Telescope Primary Mirror

Engineers have installed the 18th and final primary mirror segment on what will be the biggest and most powerful space telescope ever launched. The final mirror installation marks an important milestone in the assembly of the James Webb Space Telescope. “Scientists and engineers have been working tirelessly to install these incredible, nearly perfect mirrors that […]

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New Energy-Friendly Chip Can Perform Powerful AI Tasks

February 4, 2016

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Energy-Friendly Chip Can Perform Powerful AI Tasks

Engineers from MIT have designed a new chip to implement neural networks. It is 10 times as efficient as a mobile GPU, so it could enable mobile devices to run powerful artificial-intelligence algorithms locally, rather than uploading data to the Internet for processing. In recent years, some of the most exciting advances in artificial intelligence […]

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Scientists Develop Graphene Composite to Simplify Ice Removal

January 27, 2016

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Scientists Develop Conductive Material to Simplify Ice Removal

Researchers at Rice University have developed a thin coating of graphene nanoribbons in epoxy that has proven effective at melting ice on a helicopter blade. The coating by the Rice lab of chemist James Tour may be an effective real-time de-icer for aircraft, wind turbines, transmission lines and other surfaces exposed to winter weather, according […]

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Yale Engineers Devise Quantum Technology On A Chip

January 22, 2016

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Quantum Interference in Heterogeneous Superconducting-Photonic Circuits on a Silicon Chip

Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Science have devised a process of nanofabrication to create a silicon chip that contains all the components needed for a quantum information processor. The potential benefits of quantum technology are huge. Theoretically, it can complete in seconds certain tasks – like simulations of complex chemical processes […]

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New Material Can Store Solar Energy During the Day and Release it Later as Heat

January 13, 2016

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A New Way to Store Solar Heat

Engineers from MIT have developed a new material could harvest sunlight by day and release heat on demand hours or days later. Imagine if your clothing could, on demand, release just enough heat to keep you warm and cozy, allowing you to dial back on your thermostat settings and stay comfortable in a cooler room. […]

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Two-Stage Process Makes Incandescent Bulbs More Efficient

January 11, 2016

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New Two-Stage Process Makes Incandescent Bulbs More Efficient

Using a two-stage process that captures heat loss and reflects it back to the filament to be re-absorbed and re-emitted as visible light, engineers from MIT have combined the warm look of traditional light bulbs with 21st-century energy efficiency. Traditional light bulbs, thought to be well on their way to oblivion, may receive a reprieve […]

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New Technique for Developing Nanodevices at One-Hundredth the Current Cost

December 22, 2015

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New Techniques for Building Microelectromechanical Systems

Researchers from MIT have developed new techniques for building microelectromechanical systems at one-hundredth of the current cost. Microelectromechanical systems — or MEMS — were a $12 billion business in 2014. But that market is dominated by just a handful of devices, such as the accelerometers that reorient the screens of most smartphones. That’s because manufacturing […]

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FORTIS Rocket Ready for Launch, Set to Study Extra-Galactic Dust

December 16, 2015

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FORTIS Sounding Rocket to Study Extra-Galactic Dust

NASA prepares to launch the FORTIS sounding rocket, which will study far-ultraviolet light from galaxy NGC 1365 to understand how material is flowing in and out of the galaxy. This month, the NASA-funded FORTIS sounding rocket—short for Far-ultraviolet Off Rowland-circle Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy—will launch from the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico […]

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Scientists Develop “Kill Switches” for Engineered Bacteria

December 14, 2015

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Engineered Bacteria with Kill Switches

To prevent genetically modified bacteria from escaping into the wider environment, MIT researchers have developed safeguards in the form of two so-called “kill switches,” which they call “Deadman” and “Passcode.” These kill switches can cause synthetic bacteria to die without the presence of certain chemicals. Many research teams are developing genetically modified bacteria that could […]

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UCLA Nanoscientists Develop a Better Way to Remove Pollutants from Water

November 30, 2015

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Nanoscientists Develop a Better Way to Remove Pollutants

By using nanoparticles filled with enzymes, researchers from UCLA have developed a safer and faster way to remove pollutants from water. A team of researchers from the California NanoSystems Institute at UCLA has found a new way to use enzymes to remove pollutants from water that is cost- and energy-efficient, able to remove multiple pollutants […]

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‘Chemical Laptop’ Could Be Used to Search for Life Beyond Earth

November 18, 2015

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Miniaturized Laboratory Computer Could Search for Signs of Life Outside Earth

Scientists have developed a miniaturized laboratory, called Chemical Laptop, that could be used to search for signs of life outside Earth. If you were looking for the signatures of life on another world, you would want to take something small and portable with you. That’s the philosophy behind the “Chemical Laptop” being developed at NASA’s […]

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Rice Engineers Develop Light-Driven Nanosubmarines

November 17, 2015

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Rice Develops Light-Driven Nanosubmarines

Scientists at Rice University have created single-molecule submersibles that contain just 244 atoms and are powered by ultraviolet light. Though they’re not quite ready for boarding a lá “Fantastic Voyage,” nanoscale submarines created at Rice University are proving themselves seaworthy. Each of the single-molecule, 244-atom submersibles built in the Rice lab of chemist James Tour […]

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Planet-Finding Technology Visible Nulling Coronagraph Passes Another Hurdle

November 12, 2015

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Innovative Planet-Finding Technology Passes Another Hurdle

Researchers are developing innovating planet-finding technology that will help locate Earth-like planets in other solar systems and study their atmospheres to identify chemical signatures of life. The instrument, called the Visible Nulling Coronagraph (VNC), combines an interferometer with a coronagraph — in itself a first. It’s well on its way to demonstrating operations over a […]

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On-Site Construction Begins on the Giant Magellan Telescope

November 11, 2015

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Construction Begins on the Giant Magellan Telescope Organization in Chile

On-site construction for the for the Giant Magellan Telescope has begun. Leading scientists, senior officials, and supporters from an international consortium of universities and research institutions are gathering on a remote mountaintop high in the Chilean Andes today to celebrate groundbreaking for the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT). The ceremony marks the commencement of on-site construction […]

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New Synthetic Hydrogel is Tougher Than Natural Adhesives

November 9, 2015

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New Hydrogel is Tougher Than Natural Adhesives

Engineers from MIT have developed a method to make synthetic, sticky hydrogel that is more than 90 percent water. The hydrogel, which is a transparent, rubber-like material, can adhere to surfaces with a toughness comparable to the bond between tendon and cartilage on bone. Nature has developed innovative ways to solve a sticky challenge: Mussels […]

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Engineers Are Developing Robotic Spacecraft to Assist Satellite Repairs in Orbit

November 4, 2015

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Engineers Are Developing Robotic Satellites to Assist Satellite Repairs in Orbit

NASA engineers are developing robotic spacecraft to help service and repair satellites in distant orbits. NASA is developing and demonstrating technologies to service and repair satellites in distant orbits. Robotic spacecraft — likely operated with joysticks by technicians on the ground — would carry out the hands-on maneuvers, not human beings using robotic and other […]

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Engineers Design Nanoparticles to Track Cells and Interactions Within Them

November 2, 2015

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Engineers Design Nanoparticles to Track Cells and Interactions

Engineers from MIT have developed new protein nanoparticles that allow scientists to track cells and interactions within them. MIT engineers have designed magnetic protein nanoparticles that can be used to track cells or to monitor interactions within cells. The particles, described today in Nature Communications, are an enhanced version of a naturally occurring, weakly magnetic […]

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Scientists Reveal New Lithium-Oxygen Battery Design

October 30, 2015

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New Design May Lead to the Ultimate Battery

Using a highly porous graphene electrode, scientists have developed a lab-based demonstrator of a lithium-oxygen battery which has higher capacity, increased energy efficiency and improved stability over previous designs. Scientists have developed a working laboratory demonstrator of a lithium-oxygen battery which has very high energy density, is more than 90% efficient, and, to date, can […]

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